Document (#12686)

Author
Ingwersen, P.
Title
Cognitive perspectives of information retrieval interaction : elements of a cognitive IR theory
Source
Journal of documentation. 52(1996) no.1, S.3-50
Year
1996
Abstract
The objective of this paper is to amalgamate theories of text retrieval from various research traditions into a cognitive theory for information retrieval interaction. Set in a cognitive framework, the paper outlines the concept of polyrepresentation applied to both the user's cognitive space and the information space of IR systems. The concept seeks to represent the current user's information need, problem state, and domain work task or interest in a structure of causality. Further, it implies that we should apply different methods of representation and a variety of IR techniques of different cognitive and functional origin simultaneously to each semantic full-text entity in the information space. The cognitive differences imply that by applying cognitive overlaps of information objects, originating from different interprestations of such objects through time and by type, the degree of uncertainty inherent in IR is decreased. ... The lack of consistency among authors, indexers, evaluators or users is of an identical cognitive nature. It is unavoidable, and indeed favourable to IR. In particular, for full-text retrieval, alternative semantic entities, including Salton 'et al.'s' 'passage retrieval', are proposed to replace the traditional document record as the basic retrieval entity. These empirically observed phenomena of inconsistency and of semantic entities and values associated with data interpretation support strongly a cognitive approach to IR and the logical use of olypresentation, cognitive overlaps, and both data fusion and data diffusion

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  4. Garcia Marco, F.J.; Agustin Lacruz, C.: Cognitive models in pictorial image retrieval (1998) 0.21
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