Document (#14949)

Author
Rosenthal, M.
Spiegelman, M.
Title
Evaluating use of the Internet among academic reference librarians
Source
Internet reference services quarterly. 1(1996) no.1, S.53-67
Year
1996
Abstract
Reports results of a survey, conducted at Nassau Community College; New York State, of academic reference librarians' use of the Internet at the reference desk at 2 year and 4 year colleges and universities throughout New York State. Concludes that: library managers must understand the value of the Internet and provide access at the reference desk; they must allow adequate time, staff and advanced training; support from academic computing centres and specialists is essential; reference librarians mus develop the necessary attitudes and skills; library involvement in the organization and management of the Internet is essential; and graduate library schools must offer courses on the Internet
Theme
Informationsdienstleistungen
Internet

Similar documents (content)

  1. Manzo, B.; Cooksey, E.: 'Panic is setting in' : reference desk logs are revealing (1996) 0.31
    0.30536836 = sum of:
      0.30536836 = product of:
        1.0906013 = sum of:
          0.093799815 = weight(abstract_txt:college in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.093799815 = score(doc=5534,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13506156 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.055213 = boost
                6.3496847 = idf(docFreq=202, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.69449675 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3496847 = idf(docFreq=202, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.035453174 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035453174 = score(doc=5534,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.101829655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.586982 = boost
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.34816158 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.083798245 = weight(abstract_txt:state in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.083798245 = score(doc=5534,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15784484 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6132603 = boost
                4.8538513 = idf(docFreq=905, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.53089 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8538513 = idf(docFreq=905, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.13228029 = weight(abstract_txt:essential in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13228029 = score(doc=5534,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21399511 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8784133 = boost
                5.6516232 = idf(docFreq=407, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.6181463 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6516232 = idf(docFreq=407, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.11493143 = weight(abstract_txt:academic in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11493143 = score(doc=5534,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22304717 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3487306 = boost
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.5152786 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.40205765 = weight(abstract_txt:desk in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.40205765 = score(doc=5534,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35638767 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4241002 = boost
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              1.1281469 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
          0.2282807 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 5534) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2282807 = score(doc=5534,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.33165756 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6974661 = boost
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.6883024 = fieldWeight in 5534, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=5534)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Summerhill, K.S.: ¬The high cost of reference : the need to reassess services and service delivery (1994) 0.25
    0.24991407 = sum of:
      0.24991407 = product of:
        1.0413086 = sum of:
          0.030388435 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030388435 = score(doc=1098,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.101829655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.586982 = boost
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.2984242 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
          0.13513319 = weight(abstract_txt:librarians in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13513319 = score(doc=1098,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21855801 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3249748 = boost
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.61829436 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
          0.09851264 = weight(abstract_txt:academic in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09851264 = score(doc=1098,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22304717 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3487306 = boost
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.44166732 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
          0.34462082 = weight(abstract_txt:desk in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.34462082 = score(doc=1098,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35638767 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4241002 = boost
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.966983 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
          0.12327339 = weight(abstract_txt:must in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12327339 = score(doc=1098,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25900906 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.531001 = boost
                5.076719 = idf(docFreq=724, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.47594237 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.076719 = idf(docFreq=724, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
          0.3093801 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 1098) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3093801 = score(doc=1098,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.33165756 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6974661 = boost
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.93283 = fieldWeight in 1098, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1098)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Matylonek, J.C.; Ottow, C.; Reese, T.: Organizing ready reference and administrative information with the reference desk manager (2001) 0.24
    0.24033393 = sum of:
      0.24033393 = product of:
        1.0013914 = sum of:
          0.035813116 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035813116 = score(doc=3157,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.101829655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.586982 = boost
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.3516963 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
          0.05985589 = weight(abstract_txt:state in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05985589 = score(doc=3157,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15784484 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6132603 = boost
                4.8538513 = idf(docFreq=905, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.37920713 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8538513 = idf(docFreq=905, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
          0.11261098 = weight(abstract_txt:librarians in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11261098 = score(doc=3157,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21855801 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3249748 = boost
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.51524526 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
          0.1835675 = weight(abstract_txt:academic in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1835675 = score(doc=3157,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.22304717 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3487306 = boost
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.8229985 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
          0.35172716 = weight(abstract_txt:desk in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.35172716 = score(doc=3157,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.35638767 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4241002 = boost
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.9869229 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
          0.25781676 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 3157) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.25781676 = score(doc=3157,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.33165756 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6974661 = boost
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.77735835 = fieldWeight in 3157, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3157)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Kenney, A.R.; McGovern, N.Y.; Martinez, I.T.; Heidig, L.J.: Google meets eBay : what academic librarians can learn from alternative information providers (2003) 0.21
    0.20893046 = sum of:
      0.20893046 = product of:
        0.6529077 = sum of:
          0.034214076 = weight(abstract_txt:computing in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034214076 = score(doc=3201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12129741 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.0174437 = idf(docFreq=282, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.28206766 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0174437 = idf(docFreq=282, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.030388435 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030388435 = score(doc=3201,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.101829655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.586982 = boost
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.2984242 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.05485274 = weight(abstract_txt:year in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05485274 = score(doc=3201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20934239 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8578807 = boost
                5.589846 = idf(docFreq=433, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.26202404 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.589846 = idf(docFreq=433, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.067566596 = weight(abstract_txt:librarians in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.067566596 = score(doc=3201,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21855801 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3249748 = boost
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.30914718 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.663468 = idf(docFreq=1095, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.08531445 = weight(abstract_txt:academic in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08531445 = score(doc=3201,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.22304717 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3487306 = boost
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.3824951 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.12184187 = weight(abstract_txt:desk in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12184187 = score(doc=3201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35638767 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4241002 = boost
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.34188014 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.03996477 = weight(abstract_txt:internet in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03996477 = score(doc=3201,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23005049 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0794334 = boost
                3.7060635 = idf(docFreq=2854, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.17372173 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7060635 = idf(docFreq=2854, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
          0.21876477 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 3201) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21876477 = score(doc=3201,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.33165756 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6974661 = boost
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.6596104 = fieldWeight in 3201, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3201)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  5. Clark, J.M.; Cary, K.: ¬An approach to the evaluation of ready reference collections (1995) 0.19
    0.19432542 = sum of:
      0.19432542 = product of:
        0.8096893 = sum of:
          0.025323695 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025323695 = score(doc=1810,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.101829655 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.586982 = boost
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.24868684 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.1831915 = idf(docFreq=4815, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
          0.09142123 = weight(abstract_txt:year in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09142123 = score(doc=1810,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20934239 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8578807 = boost
                5.589846 = idf(docFreq=433, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.43670672 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.589846 = idf(docFreq=433, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
          0.08209387 = weight(abstract_txt:academic in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08209387 = score(doc=1810,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22304717 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3487306 = boost
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.36805612 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.711118 = idf(docFreq=1044, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
          0.20306976 = weight(abstract_txt:desk in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20306976 = score(doc=1810,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35638767 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4241002 = boost
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.5698002 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.2934427 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
          0.10272783 = weight(abstract_txt:must in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10272783 = score(doc=1810,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25900906 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.531001 = boost
                5.076719 = idf(docFreq=724, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.39661866 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.076719 = idf(docFreq=724, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
          0.3050529 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 1810) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3050529 = score(doc=1810,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.33165756 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6974661 = boost
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.020157631 = queryNorm
              0.91978276 = fieldWeight in 1810, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.4498587 = idf(docFreq=1356, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1810)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)