Document (#15989)

Author
Cole, C.
Kennedy, L.
Carter, S.
Title
¬The optimization of online searches through the labelling of a dynamic, situation-dependent information need : the reference interview and online searching for undergraduates doing a social-science assignment
Source
Information processing and management. 32(1996) no.6, S.709-717
Year
1996
Abstract
Proposes a reference interview strategy that will allow the reference librarian to: efficiently assess the information need of undergraduates undertaking a social science assignment, label the information need, and assign the most appropriate online search strategy to satisfy this need
Theme
Informationsdienstleistungen
Suchtaktik

Similar documents (author)

  1. Kennedy, L.; Cole, C.; Carter, S.: Connecting online search strategies and information needs : a user-centered, focus-labeling approach (1997) 5.39
    5.3871717 = sum of:
      5.3871717 = sum of:
        1.355347 = weight(author_txt:cole in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.355347 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.47678366 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.062896065 = queryNorm
            2.8426876 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5805006 = idf(docFreq=59, maxDocs=43254)
              0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
        1.881252 = weight(author_txt:carter in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.881252 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.59326994 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.1154895 = boost
              8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
              0.062896065 = queryNorm
            3.1709883 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.455969 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=43254)
              0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
        2.1505728 = weight(author_txt:kennedy in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          2.1505728 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.6486202 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.1663651 = boost
              8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
              0.062896065 = queryNorm
            3.3156118 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
              0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
    
  2. Kennedy, B.: Comparing menu systems for end-users : After dark, Knowledge index, and First search (1993) 1.19
    1.1947627 = sum of:
      1.1947627 = product of:
        3.5842881 = sum of:
          3.5842881 = weight(author_txt:kennedy in 6268) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.5842881 = score(doc=6268,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6486202 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1663651 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.062896065 = queryNorm
              5.52602 = fieldWeight in 6268, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6268)
        0.33333334 = coord(1/3)
    
  3. Kennedy, S.D.: How to find subjects and subject experts (1996) 1.19
    1.1947627 = sum of:
      1.1947627 = product of:
        3.5842881 = sum of:
          3.5842881 = weight(author_txt:kennedy in 5600) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.5842881 = score(doc=5600,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6486202 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1663651 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.062896065 = queryNorm
              5.52602 = fieldWeight in 5600, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5600)
        0.33333334 = coord(1/3)
    
  4. Kennedy, S.D.: People on the Internet : find them fast (1996) 1.19
    1.1947627 = sum of:
      1.1947627 = product of:
        3.5842881 = sum of:
          3.5842881 = weight(author_txt:kennedy in 6046) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.5842881 = score(doc=6046,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6486202 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1663651 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.062896065 = queryNorm
              5.52602 = fieldWeight in 6046, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6046)
        0.33333334 = coord(1/3)
    
  5. Kennedy, S.D.: ¬The Internet changes the way we live (1996) 1.19
    1.1947627 = sum of:
      1.1947627 = product of:
        3.5842881 = sum of:
          3.5842881 = weight(author_txt:kennedy in 731) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.5842881 = score(doc=731,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.6486202 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1663651 = boost
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.062896065 = queryNorm
              5.52602 = fieldWeight in 731, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.841632 = idf(docFreq=16, maxDocs=43254)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=731)
        0.33333334 = coord(1/3)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Kennedy, L.; Cole, C.; Carter, S.: Connecting online search strategies and information needs : a user-centered, focus-labeling approach (1997) 0.18
    0.1798319 = sum of:
      0.1798319 = product of:
        0.6422568 = sum of:
          0.06994732 = weight(abstract_txt:librarian in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06994732 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12474346 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1238014 = boost
                5.981113 = idf(docFreq=296, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.5607293 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.981113 = idf(docFreq=296, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.0855656 = weight(abstract_txt:dependent in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0855656 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14268222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2018924 = boost
                6.3967304 = idf(docFreq=195, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.5996935 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3967304 = idf(docFreq=195, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.01982566 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01982566 = score(doc=2628,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.061614927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3679942 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.32176715 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.068528965 = weight(abstract_txt:online in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.068528965 = score(doc=2628,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14085868 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0683932 = boost
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.48650864 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.17559089 = weight(abstract_txt:strategy in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17559089 = score(doc=2628,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23041196 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1599722 = boost
                5.747919 = idf(docFreq=374, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.76207364 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.747919 = idf(docFreq=374, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.08655526 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08655526 = score(doc=2628,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20736708 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5096385 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.41740116 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
          0.13624309 = weight(abstract_txt:need in 2628) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13624309 = score(doc=2628,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2451264 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.15069 = boost
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.55580753 = fieldWeight in 2628, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2628)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Santini, M.: Zero, single, or multi? : genre of web pages through the users' perspective (2008) 0.18
    0.17785947 = sum of:
      0.17785947 = product of:
        0.7410811 = sum of:
          0.065695606 = weight(abstract_txt:doing in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.065695606 = score(doc=4060,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1567673 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2598196 = boost
                6.705032 = idf(docFreq=143, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.4190645 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.705032 = idf(docFreq=143, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
          0.2248093 = weight(abstract_txt:label in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2248093 = score(doc=4060,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.18609789 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3726233 = boost
                7.305397 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              1.2080164 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                7.305397 = idf(docFreq=78, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
          0.08586783 = weight(abstract_txt:assign in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08586783 = score(doc=4060,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18740661 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3774413 = boost
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.45818996 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3310394 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
          0.1537567 = weight(abstract_txt:labelling in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1537567 = score(doc=4060,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27634647 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6726598 = boost
                8.902256 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.556391 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.902256 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
          0.14672609 = weight(abstract_txt:assignment in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14672609 = score(doc=4060,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33747852 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.614079 = boost
                6.956346 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.43477163 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.956346 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
          0.064225614 = weight(abstract_txt:need in 4060) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.064225614 = score(doc=4060,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2451264 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.15069 = boost
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.2620102 = fieldWeight in 4060, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4060)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. White, M.D.: Questions in reference interviews (1998) 0.14
    0.13718006 = sum of:
      0.13718006 = product of:
        0.48992878 = sum of:
          0.03854863 = weight(abstract_txt:allow in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03854863 = score(doc=721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10987626 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0547088 = boost
                5.613388 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.35083675 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.613388 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.02089808 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02089808 = score(doc=721,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.061614927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3679942 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.33917236 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.032304864 = weight(abstract_txt:online in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032304864 = score(doc=721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14085868 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0683932 = boost
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.22934237 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.08277433 = weight(abstract_txt:strategy in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08277433 = score(doc=721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23041196 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1599722 = boost
                5.747919 = idf(docFreq=374, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.35924494 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.747919 = idf(docFreq=374, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.19347377 = weight(abstract_txt:interview in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19347377 = score(doc=721,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.28137287 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.386914 = boost
                6.3518353 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.68760633 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.3518353 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.057703506 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057703506 = score(doc=721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20736708 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5096385 = boost
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.27826744 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.452279 = idf(docFreq=1369, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
          0.064225614 = weight(abstract_txt:need in 721) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.064225614 = score(doc=721,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2451264 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.15069 = boost
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.2620102 = fieldWeight in 721, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=721)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  4. Whitmire, E.: ¬The relationship between undergraduates' epistemological beliefs, reflective judgment, and their information-seeking behavior (2004) 0.13
    0.12676586 = sum of:
      0.12676586 = product of:
        0.79228663 = sum of:
          0.028615875 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4562) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028615875 = score(doc=4562,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.061614927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3679942 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.4644309 = fieldWeight in 4562, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4562)
          0.040381078 = weight(abstract_txt:online in 4562) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040381078 = score(doc=4562,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14085868 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0683932 = boost
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.28667796 = fieldWeight in 4562, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.669478 = idf(docFreq=2996, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4562)
          0.13962767 = weight(abstract_txt:interview in 4562) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13962767 = score(doc=4562,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28137287 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.386914 = boost
                6.3518353 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.49623713 = fieldWeight in 4562, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3518353 = idf(docFreq=204, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4562)
          0.58366203 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 4562) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.58366203 = score(doc=4562,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.42699116 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.940391 = boost
                7.8246975 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              1.3669183 = fieldWeight in 4562, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                7.8246975 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=43254)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4562)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  5. Leide, J.E.; Cole, C.; Beheshti, J.; Large, A.; Lin, Y.: Task-based information retrieval : structuring undergraduate history essays for better course evaluation using essay-type visualizations (2007) 0.12
    0.12216178 = sum of:
      0.12216178 = product of:
        0.6108089 = sum of:
          0.05704373 = weight(abstract_txt:dependent in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05704373 = score(doc=2461,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14268222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2018924 = boost
                6.3967304 = idf(docFreq=195, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.39979565 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3967304 = idf(docFreq=195, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.02089808 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02089808 = score(doc=2461,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.061614927 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3679942 = boost
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.33917236 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.42692 = idf(docFreq=10382, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.14672609 = weight(abstract_txt:assignment in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14672609 = score(doc=2461,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33747852 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.614079 = boost
                6.956346 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.43477163 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.956346 = idf(docFreq=111, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.29531226 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.29531226 = score(doc=2461,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.42699116 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.940391 = boost
                7.8246975 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.69161206 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.8246975 = idf(docFreq=46, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.09082873 = weight(abstract_txt:need in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09082873 = score(doc=2461,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2451264 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.15069 = boost
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.018558644 = queryNorm
              0.37053835 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.192163 = idf(docFreq=1776, maxDocs=43254)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)