Document (#16537)

Author
Riggs, F.W.
Title
Onomantics and terminology : pt.4: neologisms, neoterisms, meta-terms, phrases, and pleonisms
Source
Knowledge organization. 24(1997) no.1, S.8-17
Year
1997
Abstract
Part 1 to 3 of this series have examined the terminology of Terminology by contrast with the vocabulary of Onomantics and identified some of the differences and difficulties revealed by a close study of ISO-1087, the most important glossary for terminologists. Part 4, finally, offers a speculative explanation of these problems. My central hypothesis is that an aversion to neologisms - especially newly coined words - impedes the introduction and acceptance of new concepts. The pressure for standardization of terminology compounds this difficulty. There are 3 kinds of neologisms: 1. newly coined words (neoterisms), 2. phrases composed of familiar words (phrasal tags) and 3. familiar words for which new meanings have been stipulated (meta-terms). Neologisms in the form of phrases containing familiar words are often found in ISO 1087. Some perplexing ambiguities in ISO 1087 occur when new meanings are stioulated for familiar words, creating terminological metaphors ('meta-terms') that are often obscure. Such meta-terms abound in the terminology of Terminology. Increased willingness to accept well-formed new words (neoterisms) would greatly simplify the development of a more adequate terminology for Terminology. The use of pleonasms is recommended as a technique to overcome ambiguity by linking familiar words having new meanings (meta-terms) to new words for the same concepts (neoterisms) and as a simple way fo facilitate the introduction of such neoterisms

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