Document (#18427)

Author
Schweighofer, E.
Title
Downloading, information filtering and copyright
Source
Information and communications technology law. 6(1997) no.2, S.121-135
Year
1997
Abstract
Downloading and information filtering are prerequisites for efficient use of electronic documents available in databases or on the Internet. Taking full advantage of electronic text collections requires a proper legal framework. Under present copyright law, electronic copying is subject to prior consent from the copyright owner, with due regard to fair use exceptions. This approach is followed by the European Union in its Database Protection Directive. The Directive leaves important questions concerning the fair use doctrine, compulsory licenses, and non copyright ('copyleft') to be resolved by national implementation as well as contractual arrangements between publishers and authors. The Directive's strong emphasis on direct revenues from users to copyright owners should be supplemented by compulsory licenses. Unrestricted access to information adds enormous value to database use and would result in more revenue for the authors and makers of databases. If the public's interest in access to information id deemed paramount to private copyright, government should intervene to secure sufficient revenues for the copyright owners
Theme
Rechtsfragen

Similar documents (content)

  1. Wall, R.: 'Electronic copyright' confusion (1992) 0.35
    0.35092723 = sum of:
      0.35092723 = product of:
        1.2533115 = sum of:
          0.03836416 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03836416 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06585402 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0252097 = boost
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.5825637 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.012979528 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012979528 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.040285405 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.133993 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.32218933 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.052033298 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052033298 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09236693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4870495 = boost
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.56333256 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.18874711 = weight(abstract_txt:downloading in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18874711 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19049577 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7436696 = boost
                7.4732356 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.9908204 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.4732356 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.28948727 = weight(abstract_txt:owners in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28948727 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25334838 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0108542 = boost
                8.618368 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              1.142645 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.618368 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.24080676 = weight(abstract_txt:directive in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24080676 = score(doc=582,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28232822 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.122749 = boost
                9.097941 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.852932 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.097941 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
          0.4308934 = weight(abstract_txt:copyright in 582) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4308934 = score(doc=582,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.5014578 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.292645 = boost
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.8592814 = fieldWeight in 582, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=582)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Oppenheim, C.: Electronic copyright and the law librarian (1994) 0.31
    0.31147218 = sum of:
      0.31147218 = product of:
        1.2978008 = sum of:
          0.12361585 = weight(abstract_txt:copying in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12361585 = score(doc=828,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12963335 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.017103 = boost
                8.7184515 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.9535806 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.7184515 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
          0.04475819 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04475819 = score(doc=828,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06585402 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0252097 = boost
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.67965764 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
          0.010707564 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010707564 = score(doc=828,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.040285405 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.133993 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.26579264 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
          0.042925283 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042925283 = score(doc=828,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09236693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4870495 = boost
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.46472567 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
          0.28094122 = weight(abstract_txt:directive in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28094122 = score(doc=828,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28232822 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.122749 = boost
                9.097941 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.9950873 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.097941 = idf(docFreq=12, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
          0.7948527 = weight(abstract_txt:copyright in 828) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.7948527 = score(doc=828,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.5014578 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.292645 = boost
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              1.5850838 = fieldWeight in 828, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=828)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Oppenheim, C.: Document delivery and electronic copyright : what is copyright? (1995) 0.21
    0.20881629 = sum of:
      0.20881629 = product of:
        1.0440814 = sum of:
          0.028359164 = weight(abstract_txt:should in 1772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028359164 = score(doc=1772,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06783244 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0404956 = boost
                4.459485 = idf(docFreq=1343, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.41807672 = fieldWeight in 1772, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.459485 = idf(docFreq=1343, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1772)
          0.13112316 = weight(abstract_txt:owner in 1772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13112316 = score(doc=1772,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14942321 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0919822 = boost
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.87752867 = fieldWeight in 1772, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.360306 = idf(docFreq=9, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1772)
          0.052033298 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 1772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052033298 = score(doc=1772,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09236693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4870495 = boost
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.56333256 = fieldWeight in 1772, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1772)
          0.1512635 = weight(abstract_txt:fair in 1772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1512635 = score(doc=1772,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20707671 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.817972 = boost
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.7304709 = fieldWeight in 1772, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1772)
          0.6813023 = weight(abstract_txt:copyright in 1772) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6813023 = score(doc=1772,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.5014578 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.292645 = boost
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              1.3586433 = fieldWeight in 1772, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1772)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Oppenheim, C.: Intellectual property : legal and other issues (1997) 0.18
    0.18325938 = sum of:
      0.18325938 = product of:
        0.7635808 = sum of:
          0.022606298 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022606298 = score(doc=1043,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06585402 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0252097 = boost
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.34327894 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3939705 = idf(docFreq=1434, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
          0.010816272 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010816272 = score(doc=1043,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.040285405 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.133993 = boost
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.2684911 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.430104 = idf(docFreq=10226, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
          0.053106263 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053106263 = score(doc=1043,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09236693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4870495 = boost
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.5749489 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
          0.11122029 = weight(abstract_txt:downloading in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11122029 = score(doc=1043,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19049577 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7436696 = boost
                7.4732356 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.5838465 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4732356 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
          0.12605292 = weight(abstract_txt:fair in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12605292 = score(doc=1043,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20707671 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.817972 = boost
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.6087257 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
          0.43977872 = weight(abstract_txt:copyright in 1043) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.43977872 = score(doc=1043,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.5014578 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.292645 = boost
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.87700045 = fieldWeight in 1043, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=1043)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Chen, X.: Fair use of electronic sources in libraries (1996) 0.16
    0.15939592 = sum of:
      0.15939592 = product of:
        0.9962245 = sum of:
          0.25569165 = weight(abstract_txt:doctrine in 5925) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.25569165 = score(doc=5925,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15280598 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1042737 = boost
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              1.6733091 = fieldWeight in 5925, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                9.465666 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=5925)
          0.049057465 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 5925) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049057465 = score(doc=5925,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09236693 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4870495 = boost
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.53111506 = fieldWeight in 5925, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2489204 = idf(docFreq=1658, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=5925)
          0.2852252 = weight(abstract_txt:fair in 5925) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2852252 = score(doc=5925,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20707671 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.817972 = boost
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              1.3773891 = fieldWeight in 5925, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.7916894 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=5925)
          0.4062502 = weight(abstract_txt:copyright in 5925) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4062502 = score(doc=5925,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.5014578 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.292645 = boost
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.014618825 = queryNorm
              0.81013834 = fieldWeight in 5925, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4811068 = idf(docFreq=177, maxDocs=42740)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=5925)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)