Document (#18851)

Author
Huang, W.-J.
Title
¬The definition of ontological and applied information and the trend of information service
Source
Journal of information; communication; and library science. 3(1997) no.4, S.55-74
Year
1997
Abstract
Attempts to circumscribe 'information' by means of etymology and the semantics of Chinese characters rather than the traditional way, and also to define several other terms related to information. Discusses the characteristics of information and its movement, and reviews some issues about information science. Information science recognizes information and uses it for making decisions and solving problems. Yi-Jeng (the Book of Changes), the oldest book about the world system, not only explains the relationship between human beings and the universe, but also focuses on how to recognize and use information to improve quality of life and avoid calamity. Derives some conclusions useful for the development of information science from Yi-Jeng. Also discusses the chaotic state caused by rapidly developing networks without a precise concept. Considers some desirable characteristics for the design of information service systems
Footnote
In Chinesisch
Theme
Information

Similar documents (author)

  1. Huang, G.W.: Accessing information in an information society (1989) 4.57
    4.5711164 = sum of:
      4.5711164 = weight(author_txt:huang in 2566) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5711164 = fieldWeight in 2566, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2566)
    
  2. Huang, X.: Applying a generic function-based topical relevance typology to structure clinical questions and answers (2013) 4.57
    4.5711164 = sum of:
      4.5711164 = weight(author_txt:huang in 2531) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5711164 = fieldWeight in 2531, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2531)
    
  3. Huang, J. Xiangji => Xiangji Huang, J.: 3.88
    3.878721 = sum of:
      3.878721 = weight(author_txt:huang in 235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.878721 = fieldWeight in 235, product of:
          1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
            2.0 = termFreq=2.0
          7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=235)
    
  4. Huang, M.-H.: Developing an ideal online thesaurus display format (1994) 3.66
    3.6568933 = sum of:
      3.6568933 = weight(author_txt:huang in 4099) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.6568933 = fieldWeight in 4099, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4099)
    
  5. Huang, M.-h.: End-users' searching behaviour : changes in search type over time (1996) 3.66
    3.6568933 = sum of:
      3.6568933 = weight(author_txt:huang in 5197) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.6568933 = fieldWeight in 5197, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=5197)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Rao, S.S.: Electronic books : a review and evaluation (2003) 0.14
    0.13979849 = sum of:
      0.13979849 = product of:
        0.5824937 = sum of:
          0.09607449 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09607449 = score(doc=3028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15744944 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.5087214 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.61019266 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5087214 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
          0.04226498 = weight(abstract_txt:discusses in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04226498 = score(doc=3028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11474476 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2072879 = boost
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.3683391 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
          0.20275654 = weight(abstract_txt:derives in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20275654 = score(doc=3028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25905123 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2826916 = boost
                8.348682 = idf(docFreq=26, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.782689 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.348682 = idf(docFreq=26, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
          0.080845624 = weight(abstract_txt:book in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.080845624 = score(doc=3028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17681403 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4986589 = boost
                4.877177 = idf(docFreq=868, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.45723534 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.877177 = idf(docFreq=868, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
          0.11767913 = weight(abstract_txt:characteristics in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11767913 = score(doc=3028,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18024728 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5131389 = boost
                4.9242997 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.652876 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9242997 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
          0.042872988 = weight(abstract_txt:also in 3028) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042872988 = score(doc=3028,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13260666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5895447 = boost
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.32330948 = fieldWeight in 3028, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3028)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Bates, M.J.: Information and knowledge : an evolutionary framework for information science (2005) 0.14
    0.13525523 = sum of:
      0.13525523 = product of:
        0.4830544 = sum of:
          0.05679847 = weight(abstract_txt:desirable in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05679847 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19880822 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1236902 = boost
                7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.28569478 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3137865 = idf(docFreq=75, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.15535045 = weight(abstract_txt:beings in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15535045 = score(doc=2159,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.24494293 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.247274 = boost
                8.118159 = idf(docFreq=33, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.6342312 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.118159 = idf(docFreq=33, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.084481895 = weight(abstract_txt:recognizes in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.084481895 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25905123 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2826916 = boost
                8.348682 = idf(docFreq=26, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.3261204 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.348682 = idf(docFreq=26, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.017863745 = weight(abstract_txt:also in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017863745 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13260666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5895447 = boost
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.13471228 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.043659404 = weight(abstract_txt:some in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043659404 = score(doc=2159,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.1515708 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6994087 = boost
                3.6869924 = idf(docFreq=2856, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.28804627 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.6869924 = idf(docFreq=2856, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.026523955 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026523955 = score(doc=2159,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17258744 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8134043 = boost
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.15368415 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
          0.098376505 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2159) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.098376505 = score(doc=2159,freq=18.0), product of:
              0.24331987 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1230116 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.4043094 = fieldWeight in 2159, product of:
                4.2426405 = tf(freq=18.0), with freq of:
                  18.0 = termFreq=18.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=2159)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  3. Brody, R.: ¬The problem of information naïveté (2008) 0.13
    0.13292016 = sum of:
      0.13292016 = product of:
        0.553834 = sum of:
          0.11208691 = weight(abstract_txt:rapidly in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11208691 = score(doc=3866,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15744944 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.5087214 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.7118914 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5087214 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
          0.13251874 = weight(abstract_txt:avoid in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13251874 = score(doc=3866,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17604461 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0574037 = boost
                6.8823457 = idf(docFreq=116, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.75275654 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.8823457 = idf(docFreq=116, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
          0.049309142 = weight(abstract_txt:discusses in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049309142 = score(doc=3866,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11474476 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2072879 = boost
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.42972893 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
          0.050867137 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050867137 = score(doc=3866,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11714922 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2198716 = boost
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.43420807 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
          0.050018486 = weight(abstract_txt:also in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050018486 = score(doc=3866,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13260666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5895447 = boost
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.37719437 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
          0.15903358 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3866) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15903358 = score(doc=3866,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.24331987 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1230116 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.65359885 = fieldWeight in 3866, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3866)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Floridi, L.: Information: a very short introduction (2010) 0.11
    0.10679907 = sum of:
      0.10679907 = product of:
        0.38142526 = sum of:
          0.039847802 = weight(abstract_txt:discusses in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039847802 = score(doc=271,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11474476 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2072879 = boost
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.3472734 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9289503 = idf(docFreq=2242, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.041106854 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041106854 = score(doc=271,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11714922 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2198716 = boost
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.3508931 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.053897083 = weight(abstract_txt:book in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053897083 = score(doc=271,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17681403 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4986589 = boost
                4.877177 = idf(docFreq=868, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.30482355 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.877177 = idf(docFreq=868, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.028581992 = weight(abstract_txt:also in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028581992 = score(doc=271,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13260666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5895447 = boost
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.21553965 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.034927525 = weight(abstract_txt:some in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034927525 = score(doc=271,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1515708 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6994087 = boost
                3.6869924 = idf(docFreq=2856, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.23043703 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6869924 = idf(docFreq=2856, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.060016863 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060016863 = score(doc=271,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17258744 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8134043 = boost
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.34774756 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9343145 = idf(docFreq=2230, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
          0.12304713 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 271) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12304713 = score(doc=271,freq=11.0), product of:
              0.24331987 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1230116 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.5057011 = fieldWeight in 271, product of:
                3.3166249 = tf(freq=11.0), with freq of:
                  11.0 = termFreq=11.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=271)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Solimine, G.: Qualita totale e qualita del colloquio (1993) 0.10
    0.10000874 = sum of:
      0.10000874 = product of:
        0.4167031 = sum of:
          0.09993072 = weight(abstract_txt:solving in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09993072 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16163488 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0132042 = boost
                6.5946636 = idf(docFreq=155, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.6182497 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5946636 = idf(docFreq=155, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
          0.10845027 = weight(abstract_txt:precise in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10845027 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1706958 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.041216 = boost
                6.776985 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.63534236 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.776985 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
          0.043600403 = weight(abstract_txt:about in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043600403 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11714922 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2198716 = boost
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.37217835 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9699023 = idf(docFreq=2152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
          0.06619857 = weight(abstract_txt:service in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06619857 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15475504 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4020607 = boost
                4.5628114 = idf(docFreq=1189, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.42776358 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.5628114 = idf(docFreq=1189, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
          0.042872988 = weight(abstract_txt:also in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042872988 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13260666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5895447 = boost
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.32330948 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4486344 = idf(docFreq=3625, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
          0.055650156 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4086) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055650156 = score(doc=4086,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24331987 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1230116 = boost
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.024190534 = queryNorm
              0.22871193 = fieldWeight in 4086, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.439594 = idf(docFreq=9945, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4086)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)