Document (#19272)

Author
Janich, P.
Title
Informationsbegriff und methodisch-kulturalistische Philosophie
Source
Ethik und Sozialwissenschaften. 9(1998) H.2, S.169-182
Year
1998
Abstract
Ausgehend von alltäglichen und wissenschaftlichen Sprachgebräuchen, Information mit und ohne Bedeutung und Geltung anzunehmen, werden auf der Grundlage eines explizierten philosophischen Minimalkonsenses (1) die Technisierung und (2) die Naturalisierung des Informationsbegriffs dargestellt. In einer Kritik technischer (Rechner, Schallplatte) und naturwissenschaftlicher (Hirnforschung, Genetik) Beispiele werden Geltung und Semantik informationsbegrifflicher Beschreibungen diskutiert und naturalistische Fehlschlüsse festgestellt. Anschließend wird eine methodisch-kulturalistische Informationstheorie über Aufforderungsdialoge und Forderungen nach Invarianz bezüglich Sprecher-, Hörer- und Darstellungsvertauschung vorgetragen, die bei einer pragmatischen Bewertung des Gelingens sprachlicher Kommunikation beginnt und über Kriterien gelingender technischer Substitution solcher Leistungen für Mensch-Maschine-Verhältnisse Fälle überflüssiger oder falscher von nicht überflüssigen oder wahren informationsbegrifflichen Beschreibungen in Natur- und Technikwissenschaften unterscheidet
Footnote
Dazu im selben Heft Erwiderungen von: A. Bartels, H.Binkau, O. Breidbach, R. Capurro, A. Dally, N. Degele, P. Deussen, M. Drieschner, W. Fontana, K. Fuchs-Kittowski u. H.A. Rosenthal, D. Gernert, W. Gitt, M. Gutmann, K. Haefner, W. Hesse, H. Hörz, E. Jelden, K. Kornwachs, J. Krause, A. Lenz, H. Liebscher, A. Locker, A.L. Luft u. R. Kötter, H. Marko, S. Meretz, F. Nake, M. Pauen, J. Schröder, H. Schwegler, T.B. Seiler, H. Völz sowie eine Replik des Verfassers auf die Erwiderungen: S.253-268
Theme
Information

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