Document (#21021)

Author
Machovec, G.S.
Title
Key elements in using technology for library support in distance education
Source
Online libraries and microcomputers. 15(1997) no.12, S.1-6
Year
1997
Abstract
Traces the development of distance education programmes which has been fuelled by the non-traditional student, the growth of the Internet, television and videoconferencing. Key elements of library services for distance education are: reference services, a portfolio of nearby libraries or other resources, document delivery, provision of a broad suite of electronic databases, electronic journals, a database of subject specialists, and use of electronic resources on the WWW

Similar documents (author)

  1. Machovec, G.S.: Locally loaded databases in Arizona State University's online catalog using the CARL system (1989) 5.35
    5.3459234 = sum of:
      5.3459234 = weight(author_txt:machovec in 2160) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.3459234 = fieldWeight in 2160, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.553477 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2160)
    
  2. Machovec, G.S.: Administrative considerations in establishing remote dial-in access to an online catalog (1988) 5.35
    5.3459234 = sum of:
      5.3459234 = weight(author_txt:machovec in 3101) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.3459234 = fieldWeight in 3101, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.553477 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3101)
    
  3. Machovec, G.S.: WAIS: Wide Area Information Servers (1992) 5.35
    5.3459234 = sum of:
      5.3459234 = weight(author_txt:machovec in 3697) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.3459234 = fieldWeight in 3697, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.553477 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3697)
    
  4. Machovec, G.S.: Z39.50 and the client-server architecture (1991) 5.35
    5.3459234 = sum of:
      5.3459234 = weight(author_txt:machovec in 3699) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.3459234 = fieldWeight in 3699, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.553477 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3699)
    
  5. Machovec, G.S.: Navigating the Internet : library systems and database limitations (1992) 5.35
    5.3459234 = sum of:
      5.3459234 = weight(author_txt:machovec in 3738) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.3459234 = fieldWeight in 3738, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.553477 = idf(docFreq=21, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3738)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Benchmarks in distance education : the LIS experience (2003) 0.29
    0.28830233 = sum of:
      0.28830233 = product of:
        1.4415116 = sum of:
          0.1443411 = weight(abstract_txt:growth in 606) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1443411 = score(doc=606,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11667196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2896323 = boost
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.2371533 = fieldWeight in 606, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=606)
          0.07344242 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 606) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07344242 = score(doc=606,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07435973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4560174 = boost
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.9876639 = fieldWeight in 606, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=606)
          0.24184729 = weight(abstract_txt:programmes in 606) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24184729 = score(doc=606,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16458893 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5317327 = boost
                6.717266 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.469402 = fieldWeight in 606, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.717266 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=41962)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=606)
          0.3306179 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 606) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3306179 = score(doc=606,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2923913 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.536108 = boost
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.1307378 = fieldWeight in 606, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=606)
          0.651263 = weight(abstract_txt:distance in 606) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.651263 = score(doc=606,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.45946363 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4327054 = boost
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.4174418 = fieldWeight in 606, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.21875 = fieldNorm(doc=606)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Ford, B.J.; Jacobs, S.J.: Academic libraries (1997) 0.28
    0.27791026 = sum of:
      0.27791026 = product of:
        0.7719729 = sum of:
          0.02506292 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02506292 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07213836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.014065 = boost
                4.4470844 = idf(docFreq=1335, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.34742847 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4470844 = idf(docFreq=1335, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.07290327 = weight(abstract_txt:growth in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07290327 = score(doc=381,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11667196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2896323 = boost
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.6248568 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.06229973 = weight(abstract_txt:delivery in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06229973 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13237397 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3736749 = boost
                6.024119 = idf(docFreq=275, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.47063428 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.024119 = idf(docFreq=275, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.04543072 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04543072 = score(doc=381,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.07435973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4560174 = boost
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.61095864 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.041989025 = weight(abstract_txt:services in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041989025 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12820718 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9118501 = boost
                4.192117 = idf(docFreq=1723, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.32750916 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.192117 = idf(docFreq=1723, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.061160363 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061160363 = score(doc=381,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13075507 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.930754 = boost
                4.2335677 = idf(docFreq=1653, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.46774757 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2335677 = idf(docFreq=1653, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.11245515 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11245515 = score(doc=381,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.19624476 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8969588 = boost
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.5730352 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.118077815 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.118077815 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2923913 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.536108 = boost
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.4038349 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
          0.23259391 = weight(abstract_txt:distance in 381) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23259391 = score(doc=381,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.45946363 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4327054 = boost
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.5062292 = fieldWeight in 381, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=381)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)
    
  3. Pagell, R.A.: ¬The virtual reference librarian : using desktop videoconferencing for distance reference (1996) 0.21
    0.21051681 = sum of:
      0.21051681 = product of:
        1.052584 = sum of:
          0.028841345 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 4739) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028841345 = score(doc=4739,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07015113 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3854036 = idf(docFreq=1420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.4111316 = fieldWeight in 4739, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3854036 = idf(docFreq=1420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4739)
          0.030075505 = weight(abstract_txt:reference in 4739) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030075505 = score(doc=4739,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07213836 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.014065 = boost
                4.4470844 = idf(docFreq=1335, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.41691417 = fieldWeight in 4739, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4470844 = idf(docFreq=1335, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4739)
          0.022256415 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 4739) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022256415 = score(doc=4739,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07435973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4560174 = boost
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.29930738 = fieldWeight in 4739, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4739)
          0.5766858 = weight(abstract_txt:videoconferencing in 4739) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5766858 = score(doc=4739,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.3255596 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.154259 = boost
                9.447295 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.7713678 = fieldWeight in 4739, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                9.447295 = idf(docFreq=8, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4739)
          0.39472497 = weight(abstract_txt:distance in 4739) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.39472497 = score(doc=4739,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.45946363 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4327054 = boost
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.8590995 = fieldWeight in 4739, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4739)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Cutright, P.J.: Applying innovative technology to the needs of the distant learner (1993) 0.19
    0.1946442 = sum of:
      0.1946442 = product of:
        0.8110175 = sum of:
          0.033648238 = weight(abstract_txt:databases in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033648238 = score(doc=7937,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07015113 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.3854036 = idf(docFreq=1420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.47965354 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3854036 = idf(docFreq=1420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
          0.0346856 = weight(abstract_txt:support in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0346856 = score(doc=7937,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07158565 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0101727 = boost
                4.430015 = idf(docFreq=1358, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.4845329 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.430015 = idf(docFreq=1358, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
          0.025965817 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025965817 = score(doc=7937,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07435973 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4560174 = boost
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.34919193 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.192612 = idf(docFreq=4683, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
          0.09089642 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09089642 = score(doc=7937,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19624476 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8969588 = boost
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.46317884 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
          0.16530895 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16530895 = score(doc=7937,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2923913 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.536108 = boost
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.5653689 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
          0.46051246 = weight(abstract_txt:distance in 7937) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.46051246 = score(doc=7937,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.45946363 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4327054 = boost
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              1.0022827 = fieldWeight in 7937, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=7937)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Silva, M.: Creating electronic environments for learning (1998) 0.18
    0.17621095 = sum of:
      0.17621095 = product of:
        0.88105476 = sum of:
          0.07217055 = weight(abstract_txt:growth in 4199) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07217055 = score(doc=4199,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11667196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2896323 = boost
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.61857665 = fieldWeight in 4199, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.655558 = idf(docFreq=398, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4199)
          0.120923646 = weight(abstract_txt:programmes in 4199) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.120923646 = score(doc=4199,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16458893 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5317327 = boost
                6.717266 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.734701 = fieldWeight in 4199, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.717266 = idf(docFreq=137, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4199)
          0.12854694 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 4199) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12854694 = score(doc=4199,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19624476 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.8969588 = boost
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.65503377 = fieldWeight in 4199, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.234778 = idf(docFreq=1651, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4199)
          0.23378214 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 4199) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23378214 = score(doc=4199,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2923913 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.536108 = boost
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.7995523 = fieldWeight in 4199, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.169087 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4199)
          0.3256315 = weight(abstract_txt:distance in 4199) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3256315 = score(doc=4199,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.45946363 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.4327054 = boost
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.015996505 = queryNorm
              0.7087209 = fieldWeight in 4199, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.479734 = idf(docFreq=174, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4199)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)