Document (#22056)

Author
Sutton, S.A.
Title
Conceptual design and deployment of a metadata framework for educational resources on the Internet
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science. 50(1999) no.13, S.1182-1192
Year
1999
Abstract
The metadata framework described in this article stems from a growing concern of the U.S. Department of Education and its National Library of Education that teachers, students, and parents are encountering increasing difficulty in accessing educational resources on the Internet even as those resources are becoming more abundant. This concern is joined by the realization that as Internet matures as a publishing environment, the successful management of resource repositories will hinge to a great extent on the intelligent use of metadata. We first explicate the conceptual foundations for the Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) framework including the adoption of the Dublin Core Element Set as its base referent, and the extension of that set to meet the needs of the domain. We then discuss the complex of decisions that must be made regarding selection of the units of description and the structuring of an information space. The article concludes with a discussion of metadata generation, the association of metadata to the objects described, and a general description of the GEM system architecture
Theme
Metadaten
Field
Erziehungswissenschaft
Object
Dublin Core

Similar documents (author)

  1. Sutton, B.: Toward world literature in electronic formats : three promising technical development (1994) 5.59
    5.594666 = sum of:
      5.594666 = weight(author_txt:sutton in 1468) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.594666 = fieldWeight in 1468, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1468)
    
  2. Sutton, S.A.: Future service models and the convergence of functions : the reference librarian as technician, author and consultant (1996) 5.59
    5.594666 = sum of:
      5.594666 = weight(author_txt:sutton in 6388) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.594666 = fieldWeight in 6388, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6388)
    
  3. Sutton, M.J.D.: Document management for the enterprises : principles, techniques and applications (1996) 5.59
    5.594666 = sum of:
      5.594666 = weight(author_txt:sutton in 1335) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.594666 = fieldWeight in 1335, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1335)
    
  4. Sutton, B.: Understanding scientific knowledge and communication : library and information science in the undergraduate curriculum (1996) 5.59
    5.594666 = sum of:
      5.594666 = weight(author_txt:sutton in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.594666 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
    
  5. Sutton, S.A.: ¬The role of attorney mental models of law in case relevance determinations : an exploratory analysis (1994) 5.59
    5.594666 = sum of:
      5.594666 = weight(author_txt:sutton in 6328) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.594666 = fieldWeight in 6328, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.951466 = idf(docFreq=14, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6328)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Sutton, S.A.; Oh, S.G.: GEM: using metadata to enhance Internet retrieval by K-12 teachers (1997) 0.27
    0.2709483 = sum of:
      0.2709483 = product of:
        0.96767247 = sum of:
          0.10015574 = weight(abstract_txt:teachers in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10015574 = score(doc=3642,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15034932 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0632756 = boost
                7.1056385 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.6661536 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1056385 = idf(docFreq=94, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.102459475 = weight(abstract_txt:gateway in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.102459475 = score(doc=3642,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15264608 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0713662 = boost
                7.159706 = idf(docFreq=89, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.67122245 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.159706 = idf(docFreq=89, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.060193222 = weight(abstract_txt:internet in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060193222 = score(doc=3642,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.122568734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6628214 = boost
                3.7040906 = idf(docFreq=2850, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.4910977 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.7040906 = idf(docFreq=2850, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.0631224 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0631224 = score(doc=3642,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15939705 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8962513 = boost
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.3960073 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.08267373 = weight(abstract_txt:framework in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08267373 = score(doc=3642,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19081081 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0747092 = boost
                4.6216097 = idf(docFreq=1138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.4332759 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6216097 = idf(docFreq=1138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.27336782 = weight(abstract_txt:educational in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.27336782 = score(doc=3642,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.33613434 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.753672 = boost
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.8132695 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
          0.28570008 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3642) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.28570008 = score(doc=3642,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.35854256 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6715589 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.7968373 = fieldWeight in 3642, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3642)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Metadata and organizing educational resources on the Internet (2000) 0.17
    0.17472401 = sum of:
      0.17472401 = product of:
        0.87362003 = sum of:
          0.01791375 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2474) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01791375 = score(doc=2474,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06836451 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4339713 = boost
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.2620329 = fieldWeight in 2474, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2474)
          0.09931375 = weight(abstract_txt:internet in 2474) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09931375 = score(doc=2474,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.122568734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6628214 = boost
                3.7040906 = idf(docFreq=2850, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.81026983 = fieldWeight in 2474, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.7040906 = idf(docFreq=2850, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2474)
          0.10414663 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 2474) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10414663 = score(doc=2474,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15939705 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8962513 = boost
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.65337867 = fieldWeight in 2474, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2474)
          0.3189291 = weight(abstract_txt:educational in 2474) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3189291 = score(doc=2474,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.33613434 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.753672 = boost
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.9488144 = fieldWeight in 2474, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2474)
          0.33331677 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 2474) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.33331677 = score(doc=2474,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.35854256 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6715589 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.9296435 = fieldWeight in 2474, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2474)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Sutton, S.A.: Metadata quality, utility and the Semantic Web : the case of learning resources and achievement standards (2008) 0.16
    0.16479814 = sum of:
      0.16479814 = product of:
        0.8239907 = sum of:
          0.0316416 = weight(abstract_txt:article in 1981) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0316416 = score(doc=1981,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08786849 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1495469 = boost
                3.8410854 = idf(docFreq=2485, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.36010176 = fieldWeight in 1981, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.8410854 = idf(docFreq=2485, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1981)
          0.13188548 = weight(abstract_txt:deployment in 1981) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13188548 = score(doc=1981,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18062681 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1654301 = boost
                7.788315 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.7301545 = fieldWeight in 1981, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.788315 = idf(docFreq=47, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1981)
          0.0631224 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 1981) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0631224 = score(doc=1981,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15939705 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8962513 = boost
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.3960073 = fieldWeight in 1981, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1981)
          0.19330022 = weight(abstract_txt:educational in 1981) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19330022 = score(doc=1981,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33613434 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.753672 = boost
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.57506835 = fieldWeight in 1981, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1981)
          0.40404096 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 1981) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.40404096 = score(doc=1981,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.35854256 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6715589 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              1.1268982 = fieldWeight in 1981, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1981)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Slavic, A.: General library classification in learning material metadata : the application in IMS/LOM and CDMES metadata schemas (2003) 0.16
    0.1560904 = sum of:
      0.1560904 = product of:
        0.6503767 = sum of:
          0.012795536 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012795536 = score(doc=4962,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06836451 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4339713 = boost
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.18716635 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
          0.0530606 = weight(abstract_txt:description in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0530606 = score(doc=4962,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14005432 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4513038 = boost
                4.8493733 = idf(docFreq=906, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.37885728 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8493733 = idf(docFreq=906, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
          0.063470624 = weight(abstract_txt:education in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.063470624 = score(doc=4962,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15782055 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5406071 = boost
                5.1477704 = idf(docFreq=672, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.40216956 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1477704 = idf(docFreq=672, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
          0.052601993 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.052601993 = score(doc=4962,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15939705 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8962513 = boost
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.33000606 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
          0.16108353 = weight(abstract_txt:educational in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16108353 = score(doc=4962,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.33613434 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.753672 = boost
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.47922367 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.134063 = idf(docFreq=250, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
          0.30736437 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 4962) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30736437 = score(doc=4962,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.35854256 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6715589 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.85726047 = fieldWeight in 4962, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4962)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Baker, T.: ¬The concepts of knowledge organization systems as hubs in the Web of data (2011) 0.15
    0.15221278 = sum of:
      0.15221278 = product of:
        0.54361707 = sum of:
          0.11893129 = weight(abstract_txt:joined in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11893129 = score(doc=811,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19038635 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1965009 = boost
                7.995954 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.6246839 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.995954 = idf(docFreq=38, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.012795536 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012795536 = score(doc=811,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06836451 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4339713 = boost
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.18716635 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.3957293 = idf(docFreq=10548, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.075039014 = weight(abstract_txt:description in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.075039014 = score(doc=811,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14005432 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4513038 = boost
                4.8493733 = idf(docFreq=906, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.5357851 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.8493733 = idf(docFreq=906, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.0561085 = weight(abstract_txt:conceptual in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0561085 = score(doc=811,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14536756 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4785767 = boost
                4.9405026 = idf(docFreq=827, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.38597676 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9405026 = idf(docFreq=827, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.07439045 = weight(abstract_txt:resources in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07439045 = score(doc=811,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15939705 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8962513 = boost
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.46669903 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2240777 = idf(docFreq=1694, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.06889477 = weight(abstract_txt:framework in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06889477 = score(doc=811,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19081081 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0747092 = boost
                4.6216097 = idf(docFreq=1138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.36106324 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6216097 = idf(docFreq=1138, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
          0.13745752 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 811) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13745752 = score(doc=811,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35854256 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.6715589 = boost
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.019899974 = queryNorm
              0.38337854 = fieldWeight in 811, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.907245 = idf(docFreq=855, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=811)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)