Document (#22468)

Author
Olson, H.A.
Title
Exclusivity, teleology and hierarchy : our aristotelean legacy
Source
Knowledge organization. 26(1999) no.2, S.65-73
Year
1999
Abstract
This paper examines Parmenides's 'Fragments', Plato's 'The sophist', and Aristotle's 'Prior analytics, parts of animals', and 'Generation of animals' to identify 3 underlying presumptions of classical logic using the method of Foucauldian discourse analysis. These 3 presumptions are the notion of mutually exclusive categories, teleology in the sense of linear progression toward a goal, and hierarchy both through logical division and through the dominance of some classes over others. These 3 presumptions are linked to classificatory thought in the western tradition. The purpose of making the connections is to investigate the cultural specifity to western culture of widespread classificatory practice. It is a step in a larger study to examine classification as a cultural construction that may be systematically incompatible with other cultures and with marginalized elements of western culture
Theme
Geschichte der Klassifikationssysteme

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