Document (#23132)

Author
Leydesdorff, L.
Title
Theories of citation?
Source
Scientometrics. 43(1998) no.1, S.5-25
Year
1999
Abstract
Citations support the communication of specialist knowledge by allowing authors and readers to make specific selections in several contexts at the same time. In the interactions between the social network of authors and the network of their reflexive communications, a sub textual code of communication with a distributed character has emerged. Citation analysis reflects on citation practices. Reference lists are aggregated in scientometric analysis using one of the available contexts to reduce the complexity: geometrical representations of dynamic operations are reflected in corresponding theories of citation. The specific contexts represented in the modern citation can be deconstructed from the perspective of the cultural evolution of scientific communication
Footnote
Lead paper in a thematic issue devoted to 'Theories of citation?'
Theme
Informetrie
Citation indexing

Similar documents (author)

  1. Leydesdorff, L.: ¬The generation of aggregated journal-journal citation maps on the basis of the CD-ROM version of the Science Citation Index (1994) 4.51
    4.5085645 = sum of:
      4.5085645 = weight(author_txt:leydesdorff in 281) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5085645 = fieldWeight in 281, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.213703 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=281)
    
  2. Leydesdorff, L.: Why words and co-word cannot map the development of the science (1997) 4.51
    4.5085645 = sum of:
      4.5085645 = weight(author_txt:leydesdorff in 1561) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5085645 = fieldWeight in 1561, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.213703 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1561)
    
  3. Leydesdorff, L.: ¬A sociological theory of communication : the self-organization of the knowledge-based society (2001) 4.51
    4.5085645 = sum of:
      4.5085645 = weight(author_txt:leydesdorff in 1185) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5085645 = fieldWeight in 1185, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.213703 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1185)
    
  4. Leydesdorff, L.: Dynamic and evolutionary updates of classificatory schemes in scientific journal structures (2002) 4.51
    4.5085645 = sum of:
      4.5085645 = weight(author_txt:leydesdorff in 2250) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5085645 = fieldWeight in 2250, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.213703 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2250)
    
  5. Leydesdorff, L.: ¬The construction and globalization of the knowledge base in inter-human communication systems (2003) 4.51
    4.5085645 = sum of:
      4.5085645 = weight(author_txt:leydesdorff in 2622) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.5085645 = fieldWeight in 2622, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.213703 = idf(docFreq=83, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2622)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Wouters, P.: ¬The signs of science (1998) 0.16
    0.15937525 = sum of:
      0.15937525 = product of:
        0.79687625 = sum of:
          0.10108219 = weight(abstract_txt:character in 2437) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10108219 = score(doc=2437,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14160368 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0630927 = boost
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.71383876 = fieldWeight in 2437, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2437)
          0.105205186 = weight(abstract_txt:emerged in 2437) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.105205186 = score(doc=2437,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1454285 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0773544 = boost
                6.614082 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.7234152 = fieldWeight in 2437, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.614082 = idf(docFreq=152, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2437)
          0.037134912 = weight(abstract_txt:analysis in 2437) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037134912 = score(doc=2437,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09151445 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2086309 = boost
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.40578192 = fieldWeight in 2437, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2437)
          0.11864268 = weight(abstract_txt:communication in 2437) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11864268 = score(doc=2437,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22724403 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3326025 = boost
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.5220937 = fieldWeight in 2437, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2437)
          0.43481126 = weight(abstract_txt:citation in 2437) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.43481126 = score(doc=2437,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.4034552 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0125136 = boost
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              1.0777189 = fieldWeight in 2437, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2437)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  2. Leydesdorff, L.; Probst, C.: ¬The delineation of an interdisciplinary specialty in terms of a journal set : the case of communication studies (2009) 0.11
    0.10957587 = sum of:
      0.10957587 = product of:
        0.54787934 = sum of:
          0.072201565 = weight(abstract_txt:character in 118) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.072201565 = score(doc=118,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14160368 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0630927 = boost
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.50988483 = fieldWeight in 118, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=118)
          0.026524937 = weight(abstract_txt:analysis in 118) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026524937 = score(doc=118,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09151445 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2086309 = boost
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.28984424 = fieldWeight in 118, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=118)
          0.060050387 = weight(abstract_txt:specific in 118) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060050387 = score(doc=118,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12523355 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.413869 = boost
                4.340004 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.4795072 = fieldWeight in 118, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.340004 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=118)
          0.16948955 = weight(abstract_txt:communication in 118) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16948955 = score(doc=118,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.22724403 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3326025 = boost
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.7458482 = fieldWeight in 118, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=118)
          0.21961287 = weight(abstract_txt:citation in 118) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21961287 = score(doc=118,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.4034552 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0125136 = boost
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.54433024 = fieldWeight in 118, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=118)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Perry, C.A.: Network influences on scholarly communication in developmental dyslexia : a longitudinal follow-up (2003) 0.11
    0.10787512 = sum of:
      0.10787512 = product of:
        0.5393756 = sum of:
          0.0600943 = weight(abstract_txt:interactions in 174) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0600943 = score(doc=174,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12529458 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.1391883 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.4796241 = fieldWeight in 174, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.1391883 = idf(docFreq=245, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=174)
          0.0789747 = weight(abstract_txt:reflects in 174) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0789747 = score(doc=174,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15032646 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0953466 = boost
                6.724539 = idf(docFreq=136, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.5253546 = fieldWeight in 174, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.724539 = idf(docFreq=136, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=174)
          0.037511922 = weight(abstract_txt:analysis in 174) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037511922 = score(doc=174,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09151445 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2086309 = boost
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.40990162 = fieldWeight in 174, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=174)
          0.05221517 = weight(abstract_txt:network in 174) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05221517 = score(doc=174,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1437423 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5147506 = boost
                4.6496696 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.36325544 = fieldWeight in 174, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6496696 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=174)
          0.3105795 = weight(abstract_txt:citation in 174) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3105795 = score(doc=174,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.4034552 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0125136 = boost
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.76979923 = fieldWeight in 174, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=174)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Scharnhorst, A.: Citation - networks, science landscapes and evolutionary strategies (1998) 0.10
    0.10341468 = sum of:
      0.10341468 = product of:
        0.5170734 = sum of:
          0.072201565 = weight(abstract_txt:character in 6540) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.072201565 = score(doc=6540,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14160368 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0630927 = boost
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.50988483 = fieldWeight in 6540, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.526526 = idf(docFreq=166, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6540)
          0.04246204 = weight(abstract_txt:specific in 6540) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04246204 = score(doc=6540,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12523355 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.413869 = boost
                4.340004 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.3390628 = fieldWeight in 6540, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.340004 = idf(docFreq=1486, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6540)
          0.098052144 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 6540) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.098052144 = score(doc=6540,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21878868 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8687932 = boost
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.44815913 = fieldWeight in 6540, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6540)
          0.084744774 = weight(abstract_txt:communication in 6540) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.084744774 = score(doc=6540,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22724403 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3326025 = boost
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.3729241 = fieldWeight in 6540, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6540)
          0.21961287 = weight(abstract_txt:citation in 6540) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21961287 = score(doc=6540,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.4034552 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0125136 = boost
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.54433024 = fieldWeight in 6540, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=6540)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Castanha, R.C.G.; Wolfram, D.: ¬The domain of knowledge organization : a bibliometric analysis of prolific authors and their intellectual space (2018) 0.10
    0.098629855 = sum of:
      0.098629855 = product of:
        0.49314928 = sum of:
          0.02121995 = weight(abstract_txt:analysis in 715) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02121995 = score(doc=715,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09151445 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2086309 = boost
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.23187539 = fieldWeight in 715, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.7100062 = idf(docFreq=2791, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=715)
          0.041772135 = weight(abstract_txt:network in 715) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041772135 = score(doc=715,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1437423 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5147506 = boost
                4.6496696 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.29060435 = fieldWeight in 715, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.6496696 = idf(docFreq=1090, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=715)
          0.11389781 = weight(abstract_txt:authors in 715) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11389781 = score(doc=715,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.14665753 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5300338 = boost
                4.696583 = idf(docFreq=1040, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.7766244 = fieldWeight in 715, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.696583 = idf(docFreq=1040, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=715)
          0.06779582 = weight(abstract_txt:communication in 715) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06779582 = score(doc=715,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22724403 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3326025 = boost
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.29833928 = fieldWeight in 715, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7734284 = idf(docFreq=963, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=715)
          0.24846359 = weight(abstract_txt:citation in 715) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24846359 = score(doc=715,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.4034552 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.0125136 = boost
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.020408982 = queryNorm
              0.61583936 = fieldWeight in 715, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.926715 = idf(docFreq=826, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=715)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)