Document (#23457)

Editor
Watzlawick, P.
Title
¬Die erfundene Wirklichkeit : wie wissen wir, was wir zu wissen glauben? Beiträge zum Konstruktivismus
Imprint
München : Piper
Year
1981
Pages
326 S
Isbn
3-492-10373-1
Series
Serie Piper; 373
Abstract
Von der Wirklichkeit nimmt der gesunde Menschenverstand an, daß sie gefunden werden kann; eine erfundene Wirklichkeit dagegen könne - eben weil erfunden - niemals die wahre Wirklichkeit sein. Im Gegensatz dazu handelt der sogenannte Konstruktivismus von der Einsicht, daß jede Wirklichkeit im unmittelbarsten Sinn die Konstruktion derer ist, die diese Wirklichkeit zu entdecken und zu erforschen wähnen. Sie erfinden sie, ohne sich des Aktes der Erfindung bewußt zu sein. In diesem Buch legen neun namhafte Forscher dar, wie wissenschaftliche, gesellschaftliche und individuelle Wirklichkeiten dadurch geschaffen werden, daß wir an die vermeintlich objektiv bestehende Wirklichkeit immer mit gewissen Grundvoraussetzungen herangehen, die wir für »objektive« Aspekte der Wirklichkeit halten, während sie doch nur Aspekte unserer Suche nach der Wirklichkeit sind. Behandelt werden so scheinbar verschiedenartige Themen wie die Konstruktion von Wirklichkeiten durch unseren Wahrnehmungsapparat, in psychiatrischen Anstalten, durch Ideologien, in der Arbeit der Mathematiker, Logiker und Philosophen, durch sich selbsterfüllende Prophezeiungen oder die unmenschlichen Folgen der idealistischen Annahme, das Rezept für eine wirklich menschliche Gesellschaftsordnung gefunden zu haben
Content
Enthält die Beiträge: GLASERSFELD, E. von: Einführung in den radikalen Konstruktivismus; FOERSTER, H. von: Das Konstruieren einer Wirklichkeit; RIEDL, R.: Die Folgen des Ursachendenkens; WATZLAWICK, P.: Selbsterfüllende Prophezeihungen; ROSENHAN, D.L.: Gesund in kranker Umgebung; BREUER, R.: Rückbezüglichkeit in der Literatur; ELSTER, J.: Aktive und passive Negation; WATZLAWICK, P.: Bausteine ideologischer 'Wirklichkeiten'; STOLZENBERG, G.: Kann die Untersuchung der Grundlagen der Mathematik uns etwas über das Denken verraten?; VARELA, F.: Der kreative Zirkel
Footnote
Ein Titel im Umfeld des Radikalen Konstruktivismus
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft

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