Document (#23598)

Author
Löw, W.
Title
¬Der Weg zum Wissen : Eine Betrachtung aus biowissenschaftlich-neurobiologischer Sicht
Source
nfd Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 52(2001) H.1, S.5-14
Year
2001
Abstract
Der Verfasser versucht nach einem Literaturüberblick eigene Daten in den Kontext zu stellen. Man darf sicher behaupten, dass Wissen die Basis des heutigen menschlichen Lebens ist. Die Spur des Wissens zu verfolgen scheint nicht ganz einfach, weil es bereits (Vor-)Wissen bedarf, um Wissen zu erlangen. Dazu muss man Fragen stellen - oder anders gesagt: es muss schon viel Information angehäuft, strukturiert worden sein. Daher berührt die erste These die Schwierigkeiten von Menschen, die weit vor den "Forschungsfronten" arbeiten, wer "Wissen schafft, muss besondere Fähigkeiten zum Fragen stellen entwickeln, aber insbesondere auch zum Wahrnehmen. Es gibt Schwellenwerte der Wahrnehmung' neuer wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Die zweite These: Eine wichtige Rolle zur Überwindung dieser Schwellenwerte spielt jene Kommunikationsform, die am ältesten ist, das Gespräch. Denn die heute zu durchschreitenden Informationswüsten sind am besten mit dem persönlichen Rat zu überwinden. Die vorliegenden Daten aus Befragungen mit rund hundert Wissenschaftlern stützen dies. Nach wie vor - trotz moderner Medien wie Internet, CD-ROM und allen möglichen Datenbanken - wird das Gespräch gesucht. Der Autor sieht das Gespräch (informeller Informationskanal) zum einen - verhaltensbiologisch - als eine Urform menschlicher Kommunikation, d. h. uns ist "angeborenermaßen" eine Präferenz mitgegeben. Zum anderen ist die persönliche Kommunikation ein Wichtungsmaßstab für das" Wahr-nehmen'' im Uberangebot von Printinformationen (formeller Informationskanal), denn nach wie vor ist die Zeitschrift wichtigste Quelle für den Wissenschaftler
Footnote
Bearbeitete Fassung eines Vortrages auf der Jahrestagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Medizinisches Bibliothekswesen (AGBM), Hannover, 20.-22.9.1999. Vgl. auch unter http://www.agmb.de/99/loew/sld001.htm
Theme
Information
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft

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