Document (#23613)

Author
Hoerman, H.L.
Furniss, K.A.
Title
Turning practice into principles : a comparison of the IFLA Principles underlying Subject Heading Languages (SHLs) and the principles underlying the Library of Congress Subject Headings system
Source
The LCSH century: one hundred years with the Library of Congress Subject Headings system. Ed.: A.T. Stone
Imprint
New York : Haworth Press
Year
2000
Pages
S.31-52
Series
Cataloging and classification quarterly; vol.29, nos.1/2
Abstract
The IFLA Section on Classification and Indexing's Working Group on Principles Underlying Subject Headings Languages has identified a set of eleven principles for subject heading languages and excerpted the texts that match each principle from the instructions for each of eleven national subject indexing systems, including excerpts from the LC's Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings. This study compares the IFLA principles with other texts that express the principles underlying LCSH, especially Library of Congress Subject Headings: Principles of Structure and Policies for Application, prepared by Lois Mai Chan for the Library of Congress in 1990, Chan's later book on LCSH, and earlier documents by Haykin and Cutter. The principles are further elaborated for clarity and discussed
Theme
Verbale Doksprachen für präkombinierte Einträge
Verbale Doksprachen im Online-Retrieval
Theorie verbaler Dokumentationssprachen
Object
LCSH
SHL-IFLA
Location
USA

Similar documents (content)

  1. Tomitch, M.-M.: ¬Le role de l'IFLA en matière de normalisation (1998) 0.30
    0.30118144 = sum of:
      0.30118144 = product of:
        1.2549226 = sum of:
          0.11318237 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11318237 = score(doc=3244,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16609664 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9572614 = boost
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.6814248 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
          0.13894519 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13894519 = score(doc=3244,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17301793 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4465811 = boost
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.80306816 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
          0.19760792 = weight(abstract_txt:ifla in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19760792 = score(doc=3244,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27568194 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.088291 = boost
                6.5535703 = idf(docFreq=164, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.71679676 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5535703 = idf(docFreq=164, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
          0.16672775 = weight(abstract_txt:underlying in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16672775 = score(doc=3244,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2709299 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5351827 = boost
                5.6264296 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.6153907 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6264296 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
          0.2234839 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2234839 = score(doc=3244,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.26142022 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.910978 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.8548838 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
          0.41497558 = weight(abstract_txt:principles in 3244) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.41497558 = score(doc=3244,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.51750857 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.3288093 = boost
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.8018719 = fieldWeight in 3244, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3244)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Lopes, M.I.: Principles underlying subject heading languages : an international approach (1996) 0.30
    0.29924056 = sum of:
      0.29924056 = product of:
        1.2468357 = sum of:
          0.097013466 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.097013466 = score(doc=6609,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16609664 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9572614 = boost
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.58407843 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
          0.08421351 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08421351 = score(doc=6609,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17301793 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4465811 = boost
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.48673284 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
          0.1095459 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1095459 = score(doc=6609,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22692393 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.235367 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.48274285 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
          0.20210455 = weight(abstract_txt:underlying in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20210455 = score(doc=6609,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2709299 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.5351827 = boost
                5.6264296 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.7459662 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.6264296 = idf(docFreq=416, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
          0.19155765 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19155765 = score(doc=6609,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.26142022 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.910978 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.73275757 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
          0.5624006 = weight(abstract_txt:principles in 6609) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5624006 = score(doc=6609,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.51750857 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.3288093 = boost
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              1.0867465 = fieldWeight in 6609, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=6609)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Byrum, J.D.: ¬The emerging global bibliographical network : the era of international standardization in the development of cataloging policy (2000) 0.25
    0.24595584 = sum of:
      0.24595584 = product of:
        0.768612 = sum of:
          0.01828418 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01828418 = score(doc=495,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06500365 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4996258 = boost
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.28127927 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.06652127 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06652127 = score(doc=495,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16924171 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.975705 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.39305484 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.056142338 = weight(abstract_txt:languages in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.056142338 = score(doc=495,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17301793 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4465811 = boost
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.32448855 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.191817 = idf(docFreq=643, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.06371059 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06371059 = score(doc=495,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18823709 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5519176 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.33845928 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.1596913 = weight(abstract_txt:ifla in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1596913 = score(doc=495,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27568194 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.088291 = boost
                6.5535703 = idf(docFreq=164, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.5792592 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5535703 = idf(docFreq=164, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.10328087 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10328087 = score(doc=495,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.22692393 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.235367 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.45513433 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.06385255 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06385255 = score(doc=495,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26142022 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.910978 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.24425252 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
          0.23712891 = weight(abstract_txt:principles in 495) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.23712891 = score(doc=495,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.51750857 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.3288093 = boost
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.45821252 = fieldWeight in 495, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.184083 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=495)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Carlyle, A.: Matching LCSH and user vocabulary in the library catalog (1989) 0.23
    0.22519743 = sum of:
      0.22519743 = product of:
        0.8042765 = sum of:
          0.09643824 = weight(abstract_txt:match in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09643824 = score(doc=754,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.08671479 = queryWeight, product of:
                6.366211 = idf(docFreq=198, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              1.1121314 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                6.366211 = idf(docFreq=198, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.022855224 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022855224 = score(doc=754,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.06500365 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4996258 = boost
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.3515991 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.08084455 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08084455 = score(doc=754,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16609664 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9572614 = boost
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.486732 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.20367898 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20367898 = score(doc=754,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.16924171 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.975705 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              1.2034798 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.079638235 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.079638235 = score(doc=754,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18823709 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5519176 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.4230741 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.1825765 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1825765 = score(doc=754,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.22692393 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.235367 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.80457145 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
          0.13824481 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13824481 = score(doc=754,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.26142022 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.910978 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.5288222 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. El-Hoshy, L.M.: Relationships in Library of Congress Subject Headings (2001) 0.21
    0.20894013 = sum of:
      0.20894013 = product of:
        0.74621475 = sum of:
          0.06263558 = weight(abstract_txt:express in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06263558 = score(doc=2152,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.098478995 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0656761 = boost
                6.7843184 = idf(docFreq=130, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.63602984 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.7843184 = idf(docFreq=130, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.03359018 = weight(abstract_txt:library in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03359018 = score(doc=2152,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.06500365 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4996258 = boost
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.516743 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.1823115 = idf(docFreq=4803, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.097013466 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.097013466 = score(doc=2152,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16609664 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9572614 = boost
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.58407843 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.17282735 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17282735 = score(doc=2152,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.16924171 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.975705 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              1.0211865 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.13515057 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13515057 = score(doc=2152,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18823709 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5519176 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.71798056 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.1095459 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1095459 = score(doc=2152,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.22692393 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.235367 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.48274285 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
          0.1354517 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 2152) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1354517 = score(doc=2152,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.26142022 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.910978 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.013621099 = queryNorm
              0.5181378 = fieldWeight in 2152, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=2152)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)