Document (#2383)

Author
Frohmann, B.
Title
Cognitive paradigms and user needs
Source
Cognitive paradigms in knowledge organisation. 2nd Int. ISKO Conf., Madras, 26.-28.8.1992
Imprint
Bangalore : Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science
Year
1992
Pages
S.35-50
Abstract
The recent library and information science (LIS) literature has found, in cognitive models of knowledge organization, the promise of a new and fruitful paradigm for the discipline. Cognitive models of knowledge organization have been employed to articulate fundamental theory for LIS (Belkin; Dervin and Nilan), and to explicate models of the discipline itself (Greene), as well as explore the ramifications of new conceptualizations of such specific LIS concerns as reference work (Ingwersen; Dervin), indexing (Farrow), children's services (Moore and St. George), classification (Beghtol; Hori), search behaviour (Dalrymple; Kuhlthau; Logan), and information retrieval. One of the chief benefits claimed for cognitive paradigms is the shift brought about in our understanding of information processes, from system needs to user needs. The shift is theorized by means of methodologies for the description and explanation of the cognitive organization of knowledge within individual minds, and the means by which these cognitive knowledge organizations can be harmonized with the knowledge organized in databases of various kinds. The aim of this paper is to investigate the claim that cognitive paradigms effect a shift from system needs to user needs

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