Document (#24478)

Author
Foellesdal, D.
Title
¬Der Philosoph der Philosophen : Sprache und Verständigung: Wer war Willard Van Orman Quine?
Source
Frankfurter Rundschau. Nr.187 vom 14.8.2001, S.20
Year
2001
Abstract
Für Quine gibt es keinen absolut sicheren Anfangspunkt, der unserem philosophischen Gebäude als Fundament dienen könnte. Und es gibt auch keinen Standpunkt, von dem aus wir alles von außen betrachten könnten. Wir sind in eine Art Existenz geworfen, die wir versuchen müssen zu verstehen, ohne aus ihr heraustreten zu können
Content
Der amerikanische Philosoph Willard Van Oman Quine, der Weihnachten letzten Jahres im Alter von 92 Jahren starb, ist ein interessantes Phänomen in der Philosophie des 20. Jahrhunderts. In Fachkreisen gehört er sicherlich zu den meistdiskutierten Philosophen. Erst kürzlich erschien eine fünfbändige Aufsatzsammlung, in der 140 Texte von den mehr als 2000 enthalten sind, die bisher über ihn geschrieben wurden - wobei über Quine 140 Aufsätze in gerade mal einem Jahr entstehen. Führende Philosophen wie Peter Strawson und Stuart Hampshire sind in ihrer Einschätzung eindeutig: Quine ist der bedeutendste lebende systematische Philosoph", schrieb Hampshire 1979. Quine ist der bemerkenswerteste und einflussreichste lebende Philosoph", schrieb Strawson zehn Jahre später. Trotzdem ist Quine unter NichtPhilosophen weniger bekannt als zum Beispiel Wittgenstein oder Heidegger. Was ist der Grund dafür; dass Quine, der die Philosophen so stark beschäftigt und der Philosoph der Philosophen" genannt werden könnte, in der breiteren Offentlichkeit so wenig bekannt ist? Man könnte denken, dass seine Schriften zu schwergewichtig und schwierig sind. Sein Stil war aber brillant: lebendig, oft spielerisch und immer von funkelnder Klarheit. Er schrieb viel, arbeitete aber alles so gründlich durch wie ein Dichter. Sein Stil ist prägnant, jedes Wort zählt, trotzdem sind seine Texte flüssig und scheinbar mühelos geschrieben. Bertrand Russell, der erhin einen Nobelpreis für Literatur erhielt, war sehr viel weitschweifiger. Quines verdichteter Stil ist wahrscheinlich ein Grund, warum viele ihn schwierig finden. Man muss sich konzentrieren wie wenn man gute Gedichte liest; jeder Satz regt die Reflexion an. Dieser Zwang zur Konzentration ist natürlich größer, wenn man mit den Problemen, die erörtert werden, und mit dem Zusammenhang, in dem sie stehen, nicht vertraut ist. Trotzdem: Wenn man das Gesagte durchdenkt, ist man erstaunt, wie gut es Quine gelungen ist auszudrücken, was er mitteilen wollte. Viele seiner kurzen und treffenden Wendungen sind Teil des philosophischen Vokabulars geworden, wie zum Beispiel ,widerspenstige Erfahrung" (eine Erfahrung, die dem zuwiderläuft, was wir erwarten und uns daher zwingt, unsere Meinung zu revidieren) oder keine Entität ohne Identität" (wenn man über Gegenstände spricht, sollte man klare Kriterien dafür angeben, wann Gegenstände gleich und wann sie verschieden sind). Quine hat sich immer bemüht, seine Einsichten so klar und so einfach wie möglich zu formulieren. Das war für ihn ein wichtiger Teil der intellektuellen Redlichkeit. Es ist leicht, über Einfaches klar zu schreiben
Theme
Biographische Darstellungen
Field
Philosophie

Similar documents (content)

  1. Theodoroff, B.: Es war einmal... : die Vorläufer von Windows (1995) 0.16
    0.15830274 = sum of:
      0.15830274 = product of:
        0.98939216 = sum of:
          0.12495843 = weight(abstract_txt:ohne in 2882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12495843 = score(doc=2882,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.099813245 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0052317 = boost
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              1.2519224 = fieldWeight in 2882, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=2882)
          0.32763854 = weight(abstract_txt:fundament in 2882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.32763854 = score(doc=2882,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23912103 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5558975 = boost
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              1.3701787 = fieldWeight in 2882, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=2882)
          0.13176174 = weight(abstract_txt:gibt in 2882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13176174 = score(doc=2882,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16414362 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8230522 = boost
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.80272233 = fieldWeight in 2882, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=2882)
          0.4050335 = weight(abstract_txt:keinen in 2882) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.4050335 = score(doc=2882,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34702313 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.650735 = boost
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              1.1671658 = fieldWeight in 2882, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=2882)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)
    
  2. Basieux, P.: ¬Die Architektur der Mathematik : Denken in Strukturen (2000) 0.14
    0.14131328 = sum of:
      0.14131328 = product of:
        0.5888054 = sum of:
          0.041834965 = weight(abstract_txt:könnte in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041834965 = score(doc=4671,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12208679 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1117482 = boost
                6.265888 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.34266576 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.265888 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
          0.044840645 = weight(abstract_txt:verstehen in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044840645 = score(doc=4671,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12786657 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1377598 = boost
                6.4124913 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.35068312 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.4124913 = idf(docFreq=189, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
          0.112565435 = weight(abstract_txt:standpunkt in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.112565435 = score(doc=4671,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23618145 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5463043 = boost
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.47660574 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
          0.16217281 = weight(abstract_txt:gebäude in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16217281 = score(doc=4671,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23912103 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5558975 = boost
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.6782039 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
          0.16217281 = weight(abstract_txt:fundament in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16217281 = score(doc=4671,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23912103 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5558975 = boost
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.6782039 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.769144 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
          0.06521874 = weight(abstract_txt:gibt in 4671) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06521874 = score(doc=4671,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16414362 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8230522 = boost
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.3973273 = fieldWeight in 4671, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4671)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Diefenbach, P.: Gut gefiltert (2001) 0.10
    0.09708468 = sum of:
      0.09708468 = product of:
        0.4045195 = sum of:
          0.03044529 = weight(abstract_txt:müssen in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03044529 = score(doc=3126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.098776996 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.636068 = idf(docFreq=412, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.30822247 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.636068 = idf(docFreq=412, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
          0.030925635 = weight(abstract_txt:ohne in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.030925635 = score(doc=3126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.099813245 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0052317 = boost
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.309835 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
          0.06062846 = weight(abstract_txt:alles in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06062846 = score(doc=3126,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12409381 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1208491 = boost
                6.3171816 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.48856956 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.3171816 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
          0.09464178 = weight(abstract_txt:außen in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09464178 = score(doc=3126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21039288 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4594446 = boost
                8.225529 = idf(docFreq=30, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.4498336 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.225529 = idf(docFreq=30, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
          0.046116613 = weight(abstract_txt:gibt in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046116613 = score(doc=3126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16414362 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8230522 = boost
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.2809528 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
          0.14176174 = weight(abstract_txt:keinen in 3126) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14176174 = score(doc=3126,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34702313 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.650735 = boost
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.40850803 = fieldWeight in 3126, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3126)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Quaero: Google für Beamte : Suchmaschine für Europa (2006) 0.09
    0.08713695 = sum of:
      0.08713695 = product of:
        0.3630706 = sum of:
          0.03193229 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03193229 = score(doc=98,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.113003954 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0695939 = boost
                6.0283036 = idf(docFreq=278, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.28257674 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0283036 = idf(docFreq=278, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
          0.03585854 = weight(abstract_txt:könnte in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03585854 = score(doc=98,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12208679 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1117482 = boost
                6.265888 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.2937135 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.265888 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
          0.036746398 = weight(abstract_txt:alles in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036746398 = score(doc=98,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12409381 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1208491 = boost
                6.3171816 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.2961179 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.3171816 = idf(docFreq=208, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
          0.081121534 = weight(abstract_txt:außen in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081121534 = score(doc=98,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21039288 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4594446 = boost
                8.225529 = idf(docFreq=30, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.38557166 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.225529 = idf(docFreq=30, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
          0.055901777 = weight(abstract_txt:gibt in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055901777 = score(doc=98,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16414362 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8230522 = boost
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.34056625 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.137423 = idf(docFreq=679, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
          0.12151006 = weight(abstract_txt:keinen in 98) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12151006 = score(doc=98,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34702313 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.650735 = boost
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.35014975 = fieldWeight in 98, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.469861 = idf(docFreq=65, maxDocs=42596)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=98)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Sechser, O.: Modi der Bedeutung von Elementarausdrücken in Retrieval-Sprachen (1979) 0.08
    0.0822221 = sum of:
      0.0822221 = product of:
        0.5138881 = sum of:
          0.06185127 = weight(abstract_txt:ohne in 1425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06185127 = score(doc=1425,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.099813245 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0052317 = boost
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.61967 = fieldWeight in 1425, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.665554 = idf(docFreq=400, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1425)
          0.07450867 = weight(abstract_txt:sprache in 1425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07450867 = score(doc=1425,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.113003954 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0695939 = boost
                6.0283036 = idf(docFreq=278, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.6593457 = fieldWeight in 1425, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.0283036 = idf(docFreq=278, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1425)
          0.15239735 = weight(abstract_txt:philosophischen in 1425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15239735 = score(doc=1425,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18208495 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3577166 = boost
                7.6521826 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.83695745 = fieldWeight in 1425, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.6521826 = idf(docFreq=54, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1425)
          0.22513087 = weight(abstract_txt:standpunkt in 1425) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22513087 = score(doc=1425,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23618145 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5463043 = boost
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.01752587 = queryNorm
              0.9532115 = fieldWeight in 1425, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.715076 = idf(docFreq=18, maxDocs=42596)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=1425)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)