Document (#25103)

Author
Christensen, F.S.
Title
Power and the production of truth in the sciences
Source
Dynamism and stability in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the 6th International ISKO-Conference, 10-13 July 2000, Toronto, Canada. Ed.: C. Beghtol et al
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon
Year
2000
Pages
S.306-312
Series
Advances in knowledge organization; vol.7
Abstract
In order to organise and represent knowledge properly we must know how it is produced. Based on the actor-network theory of Bruno Latour, this paper analyses power structures and processes involved in the production of knowledge in the sciences. The consequences of these structures on the organisation of knowledge is shown. For any unexplained phenomenon there will be several conflicting theories. Which of these that will eventually be accepted by the greater scientific community, thus gaining the status of knowledge, is decided in scientific discourse. The author claims that gaining acceptance of a theory is not a question of being right, but of being powerful. The scientist must summon sufficient resources with which to overwhelm other theories and force them to leave the field of the domain. These resources may be material (position, economy, etc.), but it is those occurring in scientific discourse, the documents, which are of interest to information science. The paper likens the discourse to a conversation in which the documents act as statements and arguments, and as such form a language. The language philosophy of the later Wittgenstein is used to explain the principles and dynamics of scientific discourse. The paper shows that the interpretation of a document, the determination of its subject, is made by the sum of actors in the discourse. The subject of a document cannot be established by analysing it without regard to its context. Rather the subject must be deduced by looking at what other statements (documents) it uses and by how it positions itself and is positioned though use in the discourse of the discipline. In order to establish this position, a thorough understanding of the current state of the discourse and its socio-political and theoretical history is necessary. If we are to represent documents properly, we must study the disciplines and their discourse
Field
Naturwissenschaften

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  5. Fairthorne, R.A.: Temporal structure in bibliographic classification (1985) 0.21
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