Document (#25116)

Author
Howarth, L.C.
Title
Designing a "Human Understandable" metalevel ontology for enhancing resource discovery in knowledge bases
Source
Dynamism and stability in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the 6th International ISKO-Conference, 10-13 July 2000, Toronto, Canada. Ed.: C. Beghtol et al
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon
Year
2000
Pages
S.391-397
Series
Advances in knowledge organization; vol.7
Abstract
With the explosion of digitized resources accessible via networked information systems, and the corresponding proliferation of general purpose and domain-specific schemes, metadata have assumed a special prominence. While recent work emanating from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has focused on the Resource Description Framework (RDF) to support the interoperability of metadata standards - thus converting metatags from diverse domains from merely "machine-readable" to "machine-understandable" - the next iteration, to "human-understandable," remains a challenge. This apparent gap provides a framework for three-phase research (Howarth, 1999) to develop a tool which will provide a "human-understandable" front-end search assist to any XML-compliant metadata scheme. Findings from phase one, the analyses and mapping of seven metadata schemes, identify the particular challenges of designing a common "namespace", populated with element tags which are appropriately descriptive, yet readily understood by a lay searcher, when there is little congruence within, and a high degree of variability across, the metadata schemes under study. Implications for the subsequent design and testing of both the proposed "metalevel ontology" (phase two), and the prototype search assist tool (phase three) are examined
Theme
Metadaten
Object
RDF
XML

Similar documents (author)

  1. Howarth, L.C.: Factors influencing policies for the adoption and integration of revisions to classification schedules (1992) 5.18
    5.1783676 = sum of:
      5.1783676 = weight(author_txt:howarth in 2106) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.1783676 = fieldWeight in 2106, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=2106)
    
  2. Howarth, L.: AACR2 decision and rule interpretations (1995) 5.18
    5.1783676 = sum of:
      5.1783676 = weight(author_txt:howarth in 1973) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.1783676 = fieldWeight in 1973, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1973)
    
  3. Howarth, L.C.: ¬An exploratory study into requirements for an interdisciplinary metathesaurus (1996) 5.18
    5.1783676 = sum of:
      5.1783676 = weight(author_txt:howarth in 4664) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.1783676 = fieldWeight in 4664, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4664)
    
  4. Howarth, L.: Audio-visual cataloging : from orphan child to cinderella (1999) 5.18
    5.1783676 = sum of:
      5.1783676 = weight(author_txt:howarth in 823) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.1783676 = fieldWeight in 823, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=823)
    
  5. Howarth, L.C.: Metadata structures and user preferences : designing user-focused knowledge access systems (1998) 5.18
    5.1783676 = sum of:
      5.1783676 = weight(author_txt:howarth in 1055) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.1783676 = fieldWeight in 1055, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1055)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Ya-Ning, C.; Hao-Ren, K.: FRBRoo-based approach to heterogeneous metadata integration (2013) 0.16
    0.16384499 = sum of:
      0.16384499 = product of:
        0.68268746 = sum of:
          0.039454035 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039454035 = score(doc=3766,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11807263 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4115658 = boost
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.33415055 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
          0.06381772 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06381772 = score(doc=3766,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12913357 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.476203 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.4941993 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
          0.011296802 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011296802 = score(doc=3766,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06462521 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4768708 = boost
                2.796878 = idf(docFreq=7014, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.17480488 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.796878 = idf(docFreq=7014, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
          0.04144861 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04144861 = score(doc=3766,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13967715 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8803333 = boost
                4.7479334 = idf(docFreq=996, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.29674584 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7479334 = idf(docFreq=996, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
          0.17093673 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17093673 = score(doc=3766,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.24905878 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2415106 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.68633085 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
          0.35573357 = weight(abstract_txt:understandable in 3766) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.35573357 = score(doc=3766,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.51149124 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1549 = boost
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.6954832 = fieldWeight in 3766, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3766)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Liechti, O.; Sifer, M.J.; Ichikawa, T.: Structured graph format : XML metadata for describing Web site structure (1998) 0.16
    0.15858708 = sum of:
      0.15858708 = product of:
        0.7929354 = sum of:
          0.110129766 = weight(abstract_txt:compliant in 4598) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.110129766 = score(doc=4598,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14178184 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0937594 = boost
                8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.7767551 = fieldWeight in 4598, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.285388 = idf(docFreq=28, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4598)
          0.047701575 = weight(abstract_txt:tool in 4598) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047701575 = score(doc=4598,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.102262385 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3136646 = boost
                4.9756007 = idf(docFreq=793, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.46646255 = fieldWeight in 4598, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9756007 = idf(docFreq=793, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4598)
          0.059181053 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 4598) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.059181053 = score(doc=4598,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11807263 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4115658 = boost
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.5012258 = fieldWeight in 4598, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4598)
          0.19861051 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 4598) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19861051 = score(doc=4598,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.24905878 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2415106 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.79744434 = fieldWeight in 4598, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4598)
          0.37731245 = weight(abstract_txt:understandable in 4598) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.37731245 = score(doc=4598,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.51149124 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1549 = boost
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.7376714 = fieldWeight in 4598, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4598)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  3. Agrimi, A.; Bux, G.: KM_LINE: Knowledge Management for Local Innovation Networks e.services platform (2002) 0.15
    0.14591794 = sum of:
      0.14591794 = product of:
        0.6079914 = sum of:
          0.036359604 = weight(abstract_txt:framework in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036359604 = score(doc=4619,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08874783 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2237858 = boost
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.4096957 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
          0.045918148 = weight(abstract_txt:resource in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045918148 = score(doc=4619,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10368944 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3227987 = boost
                5.010197 = idf(docFreq=766, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.44284305 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.010197 = idf(docFreq=766, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
          0.039454035 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.039454035 = score(doc=4619,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11807263 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4115658 = boost
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.33415055 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
          0.10810987 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10810987 = score(doc=4619,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.24905878 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2415106 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.43407372 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
          0.12660812 = weight(abstract_txt:phase in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12660812 = score(doc=4619,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3236478 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3050485 = boost
                6.2590566 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.39119104 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2590566 = idf(docFreq=219, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
          0.2515416 = weight(abstract_txt:understandable in 4619) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2515416 = score(doc=4619,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.51149124 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1549 = boost
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.4917809 = fieldWeight in 4619, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=4619)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Legg, C.: Ontologies on the Semantic Web (2007) 0.13
    0.12791644 = sum of:
      0.12791644 = product of:
        0.63958216 = sum of:
          0.04909713 = weight(abstract_txt:merely in 3980) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04909713 = score(doc=3980,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.118516 = queryWeight, product of:
                7.5751467 = idf(docFreq=58, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.41426584 = fieldWeight in 3980, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5751467 = idf(docFreq=58, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3980)
          0.08456197 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 3980) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08456197 = score(doc=3980,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.11807263 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4115658 = boost
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.71618605 = fieldWeight in 3980, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3980)
          0.055840503 = weight(abstract_txt:ontology in 3980) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055840503 = score(doc=3980,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12913357 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.476203 = boost
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.4324244 = fieldWeight in 3980, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.591227 = idf(docFreq=428, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3980)
          0.009884702 = weight(abstract_txt:from in 3980) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009884702 = score(doc=3980,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06462521 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4768708 = boost
                2.796878 = idf(docFreq=7014, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.15295427 = fieldWeight in 3980, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.796878 = idf(docFreq=7014, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3980)
          0.44019783 = weight(abstract_txt:understandable in 3980) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44019783 = score(doc=3980,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.51149124 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1549 = boost
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.86061656 = fieldWeight in 3980, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3980)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  5. Miller, E.; Schloss. B.; Lassila, O.; Swick, R.R.: Resource Description Framework (RDF) : model and syntax (1997) 0.11
    0.110996544 = sum of:
      0.110996544 = product of:
        0.4624856 = sum of:
          0.019282594 = weight(abstract_txt:framework in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019282594 = score(doc=904,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08874783 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2237858 = boost
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.21727398 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
          0.042178508 = weight(abstract_txt:resource in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042178508 = score(doc=904,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10368944 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3227987 = boost
                5.010197 = idf(docFreq=766, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.4067773 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.010197 = idf(docFreq=766, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
          0.029590527 = weight(abstract_txt:machine in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029590527 = score(doc=904,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11807263 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4115658 = boost
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.2506129 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.346409 = idf(docFreq=547, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
          0.03108646 = weight(abstract_txt:human in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03108646 = score(doc=904,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13967715 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8803333 = boost
                4.7479334 = idf(docFreq=996, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.22255938 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7479334 = idf(docFreq=996, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
          0.15169129 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15169129 = score(doc=904,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.24905878 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2415106 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.6090582 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
          0.18865623 = weight(abstract_txt:understandable in 904) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18865623 = score(doc=904,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.51149124 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.1549 = boost
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.015645374 = queryNorm
              0.3688357 = fieldWeight in 904, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8684945 = idf(docFreq=43, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=904)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)