Document (#25546)

Author
Libet, B.
Title
Mind Time : Wie das Gehirn Bewusstsein produziert
Issue
Übersetzt von Jürgen Schröder
Imprint
Frankfurt : Suhrkamp
Year
2005
Pages
298 S
Isbn
3-518-58427-8
Abstract
Fast nichts ist uns Menschen so wichtig wie unser subjektives, bewusstes Innenleben - und doch wissen wir relativ wenig über seine Genese. Benjamin Libet gehört zu den Pionieren auf dem Gebiet der Bewusstseinsforschung und hat zahlreiche Experimente durchgeführt, die gezeigt haben, wie das Gehirn Bewusstsein produziert. In seinem 2004 erschienenen und jetzt auf Deutsch vorliegenden Buch Mind Time präsentiert er erstmals eine eigene Deutung seiner berühmten »Libet-Experimente«, die die aktuelle Debatte über die Bedeutung der Hirnforschung für unser Menschenbild überhaupt erst angestoßen haben. Im Zentrum der Experimente steht der Nachweis, dass jedem bewussten Prozess ein unbewusster, jedoch messbarer Prozess zeitlich vorausgeht. Diese zeitliche Differenz - die »Mind Time« - lässt den Schluss zu, dass unbewusste Prozesse in unserem Gehirn unser Bewusstsein steuern, und nicht umgekehrt das Bewusstsein »Herr im Haus« ist. Die vermeintlich freien Willensakte etwa sind längst initiiert, bevor uns ein Handlungswunsch überhaupt gegenwärtig ist. Libet behandelt die weitreichenden Folgen seiner Entdeckung nicht nur für die Willensfreiheit, sondern auch für die Identität der Person und die Beziehung zwischen Geist und Gehirn. Klar und verständlich dargestellt, ermöglichen Libets Experimente und Theorien es sowohl Spezialisten als auch interessierten Laien, an einem der spannendsten Forschungsprogramme dieser Tage teilzuhaben - der Erforschung des menschlichen Bewusstseins.
Content
Enthält die Kapitel: 1. Einführung in das Problem 2. Die zeitliche Verzögerung unseres sensorischen Bewusstseins 3. Unbewusste und bewusste geistige Funktionen 4. Handlungsabsicht: Haben wir einen freien Willen? 5. Die Theorie des bewussten mentalen Feldes: Wie aus dem Körper Geist entsteht 6. Was bedeutet das alles?
Footnote
Titel der Originalausgabe: Mind time: the temporal factor in consciousness. Harvard Univ. Press 2004
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
LCSH
Mental Processes
Consciousness
Personal Autonomy
Self Concept
Neurology
RSWK
Bewusstsein / Willensfreiheit / Hirnfunktion
Bewusstsein / Zeitfaktor (BVB)
Willensfreiheit / Neurophysiologie (BVB)
BK
77.31 / Kognition
08.36 / Philosophische Anthropologie
08.49 / Systematische Philosophie: Sonstiges
44.90 / Neurologie
LCC
QP411
RVK
CC 5500 Philosophie / Systematische Philosophie / Philosophie des Geistes / Abhandlungen
CC 4400 Philosophie / Systematische Philosophie / Erkenntnistheorie / Abhandlungen zur Erkenntnistheorie
CZ 1000 Psychologie / Grenzgebiete der Psychologie / Physiologische Psychologie

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