Document (#25736)

Author
Pinker, S.
Title
Wörter und Regeln : Die Natur der Sprache
Issue
Aus dem Engl. übers. von Martina Wiese.
Imprint
Heidelberg : Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
Year
2000
Pages
389 S
Isbn
3-8274-0297-2
Abstract
Wie lernen Kinder sprechen? Welche Hinweise geben gerade ihre Fehler beim Spracherwerb auf den Ablauf des Lernprozesses - getreu dem Motto: "Kinder sagen die töllsten Sachen«? Und wie helfen beziehungsweise warum scheitern bislang Computer bei der Simulation neuronaler Netzwerke, die am komplizierten Gewebe der menschlichen Sprache mitwirken? In seinem neuen Buch Wörter und Regeln hat der bekannte US-amerikanische Kognitionswissenschaftler Steven Pinker (Der Sprachinstinkt) wieder einmal eine ebenso informative wie kurzweifige Erkundungstour ins Reich der Sprache unternommen. Was die Sache besonders spannend und lesenswert macht: Souverän beleuchtet der Professor am Massachusetts Institute of Technology sowohl natur- als auch geisteswissenschaftliche Aspekte. So vermittelt er einerseits linguistische Grundlagen in den Fußspuren Ferdinand de Saussures, etwa die einer generativen Grammatik, liefert einen Exkurs durch die Sprachgeschichte und widmet ein eigenes Kapitel den Schrecken der deutschen Sprache". Andererseits lässt er aber auch die neuesten bildgebenden Verfahren nicht außen vor, die zeigen, was im Gehirn bei der Sprachverarbeitung abläuft. Pinkers Theorie, die sich in diesem Puzzle verschiedenster Aspekte wiederfindet: Sprache besteht im Kein aus zwei Bestandteilen - einem mentalen Lexikon aus erinnerten Wörtern und einer mentalen Grammatik aus verschiedenen kombinatorischen Regeln. Konkret heißt das: Wir prägen uns bekannte Größen und ihre abgestuften, sich kreuzenden Merkmale ein, aber wir erzeugen auch neue geistige Produkte, in dem wir Regeln anwenden. Gerade daraus, so schließt Pinker, erschließt sich der Reichtum und die ungeheure Ausdruckskraft unserer Sprache
Content
Originaltitel: Words and rules (1999)
Footnote
Rez. in: Franfurter Rundschau Nr.43 vom 20.2.2001, S.23 (A. Barthelmy)
Theme
Computerlinguistik
Field
Sprachwissenschaft
RSWK
Englisch / Verb / Sprachproduktion (213) (312)
Kognition / Sprachproduktion / Spracherwerb (213) (312)

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