Document (#26468)

Author
Pellegrini, T.
Title
Was ist das Semantic Web?
Source
Online Mitteilungen. 2006, Nr.87, S.5-8 [=Mitteilungen VÖB 59(2006) H.3]
Year
2006
Abstract
Die historischen Wurzeln des Semantic Web reichen zurück in die Artificial Intelligence Forschung der 1960er und -70er Jahre. Konzepte aus der Light Weight Artificial Intelligence wie Frames, Microworlds und Heuristic Programming stellten erste Versuche der maschinenverarbeitbaren Wissensrepräsentation dar. Hier ging es nicht darum, intelligentes Verhalten zu simulieren, sondern Methoden zu entwickeln, die den Menschen in seiner Entscheidungsfindung unterstützen. Durch die inhaltliche Beschreibung (semantische Anreicherung) von Datenbeständen mit maschinenlesbaren Metadaten und Scripts wurden Maschinen in die Lage versetzt autonom Daten zu verarbeiten. Der Computer sollte in der Lage sein, den Kontext, in dem Daten erzeugt und abgelegt werden, zu "verstehen" und darauf basierend für den Nutzer relevante Daten zu selektieren, zu verarbeiten und auszugeben.
Theme
Semantic Web

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