Document (#26622)

Author
Tomasello, M.
Title
¬Die kulturelle Entwicklung des menschlichen Denkens : Zur Evolution der Kognition
Issue
Aus dem Englischen von Jürgen Schröder.
Imprint
Frankfurt : Suhrkamp
Year
2002
Pages
285 S
Isbn
3-518-58357-3
Abstract
Vor sechs Millionen Jahren trennte sich der Mensch von anderen Primaten, vor 250 000 Jahren entwickelte sich der moderne homo sapiens. Evolutionär gesehen ist diese Zeitspanne sehr kurz - zu kurz, als daß sich all die kognitiven Fähigkeiten, über die der moderne Mensch verfügt, durch die gewöhnliche biologische Evolution mit ihrer genetischen Variation und natürlichen Selektion erklären ließen. Immerhin teilen Affen und Menschen noch heute 99 Prozent ihres genetischen Materials. Trotzdem ist es nur der Menschheit gelungen, kognitive Fähigkeiten auszubilden, die so komplexe Gebilde wie sprachliche Kommunikation und symbolische Repräsentation, soziale Organisation und Institutionen, Hochleistungsindustrie und entsprechende Technologien hervorgebracht haben. Wie ist das möglich? Gestützt auf zahlreiche Experimente mit Primaten und Kleinkindern, entwickelt der Anthropologe und Kognitionsforscher Michael Tomasello ein Modell des menschlichen Denkens, das dieses Phänomen erklären kann, indem er kulturelle Vermittlung als biologischen Mechanismus begreift. Die Ausführung dieser zentralen These wirft ein neues Licht auf zahlreiche Disziplinen der Geistes- und Naturwissenschaften und zeigt die Verbindung dieser sonst so strikt getrennten »zwei Kulturen« im Licht der evolutionären Anthropologie auf.
Content
Enthält die Kapitel: Ein Rätsel und eine Vermutung - Biologische und kulturelle Vererbung - Gemeinsame Aufmerksamkeit und kulturelles Lernen - Sprachliche Kommunikation und symbolische Repräsentation - Sprachkonstruktion und die Kognition von Ereignissen - Rede und repräsentationale Neubeschreibung - Kulturelle Kognition
Footnote
Originalausgabe unter: The cultural origins of human cognition, 1999
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
RSWK
Kognitive Entwicklung / Kultur
Kognition / Kulturelle Entwicklung
BK
77.31 / Kognition
08.36 / Philosophische Anthropologie
77.29 / Strömungen und Richtungen in der Psychologie: Sonstiges
GHBS
HRH (DU)
VTE (DU)
HRI (PB)
RVK
CP 4000 Psychologie / Allgemeine Psychologie / Kognitive Prozesse (Denken, Urteil, Problemlösen, Begriffsbildung, Assoziation)
DF 4500

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