Document (#26698)

Author
Kübler, H.-D.
Title
Nachrichtenrezeption, Informationsnutzung, Wissenserwerb : Diskrepanzen wissenschaftlicher Zugänge
Source
Wolfenbütteler Notizen zur Buchgeschichte. 27(2002) H.2, S.219-254
Year
2002
Abstract
Wer sich mit so gängigen, inzwischen auch inflationär gebrauchten Termini wie Nachricht, Information und Wissen analytisch auseinandersetzt, der muß zunächst gewärtigen, daß es - zumal in reichlicher Pluralität oder gar Widersprüchlichkeit - alltägliche Verständnisse dieser Begriffe und der sie repräsentierenden Sachverhalte gibt. Die sogenannte "neuere Wissenssoziologie"' von Peter L. Berger und Thomas Luckmann hat diese Einsicht bekanntlich zur epistemologischen Prämisse ihres Erkenntnisinteresses erklärt und setzt voraus, daß sich die "Wissenssoziologie [...] mit allem beschäftigen [muß], was in der Gesellschaft als Wissen gilt". Deshalb kann eine erste These lauten: Wir alle wissen intuitiv - oder wie sich auch sagen läßt: alltagstheoretisch -, was wir unter Wissen bzw. unter vergleichbaren und verwandten Begriffen verstehen. Mit anderen Worten: Wir haben ein gewisses intuitives, habituelles Metawissen über die Sachverhalte oder mentalen Phänomene, die wir mit Nachricht, Information, Wissen oder noch anders umschreiben. Jede/r von uns kann dafür Vorstellungen, Beschreibungen und Erklärungen abrufen, wie nun an einigen alltagstheoretischen Sondierungen mit Ausblicken auf ihren wissenschaftlichen Niederschlag exemplarisch gezeigt werden soll.
Footnote
Beitrag in einem Themenheft, das Ergebnis einer Tagung "Mit Information zum Wissen - Durch Wissen zur Information" am 25./26.9.2000 in Wolfenbüttel ist
Theme
Information

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