Document (#26794)

Author
Pfleger, C.
Title
¬Die Didaktik des Fernunterrichts in Formalerschließung
Source
Bibliotheksdienst. 37(2003) H.8/9, S.1088-1109
Year
2003
Abstract
Bei der Gestaltung des Fernunterrichts sollten mehrere Lerntheorien herangezogen werden. Kognitive, pragmatische und affektive Lernziele wurden formuliert. Für die kognitiven Lernziele wurde die Lernzieltaxonomie von Bloom an die weitergehenden Erfordernisse des Formalerschließungsunterrichts angepasst. Daneben wurden persönliche Kompetenzen angegeben. Der Unterricht muss auf die Bedürfnisse der Zielgruppe abgestimmt sein. Zu beachten sind Alter, Bildungsgrad, fachspezifische Vorbildung, Geschlecht und die verschiedenen Lernstile. Besonders Fernstudien bedürfen entsprechender Motivierung der Lernenden. Dafür wurde die ARCS-Motivationstheorie um den Punkt "Freiheit" erweitert. Die neun Instruktionsereignisse von Gagné wurden durch konstruktivistische Methoden zu elf "didaktischen Anweisungen" ergänzt und für den Formalerschließungsfernunterricht ausformuliert.
Footnote
Dieser Beitrag basiert auf der Dissertation der Autorin an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: Pfleger, Claudia: Die Didaktik des Fernunterrichts in Formalerschließung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Lernprogrammen. - Berlin: Logos, 2003 (Berliner Arbeiten zur Bibliothekswissenschaft 9). - ISBN 3-8325-0022-7
Theme
Formalerschließung
Computer Based Training
Location
D

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