Document (#26898)

Author
Kann, B.
Title
Langzeitarchivierung digitaler Objekte : Konzeptuelle Überlegungen und Aktivitäten an der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek
Source
Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare. 58(2005) H.1, S.9-21
Year
2005
Abstract
Dieser Beitrag wurde mit einer weit verbreiteten Textverabeitungssoftware auf einem PC geschrieben. Darin unterscheidet er sich kaum von der derzeit gängigen Textproduktion, denn fast alle rezent verfassten Texte werden in digitaler Form produziert. Am Ende der Produktionskette liegt davon ein Teil in gedruckter, ein stetig wachsender Anteil jedoch weiterhin "nur" in digitaler Form vor. Zur digital produzierten Objekten zählen nicht nur digitale Publikationen wie e e-journals, e-books und andere textbasierte Dokumente, sondern eine Vielzahl an Objekten wie z. B.: Wissenschaftliche Primärdaten, statistische Daten, virtuelle Lehr- und Lernobjekte, administrative und geschäftliche Akten und Unterlagen (z. B. E-Government), PersönlicheAkten und Dokumente (z. B. "elektronische Manuskripte", Vorstufen zu literarischen Werken, Email-Korrespondenz), Daten aus geographischen Informationssystemen, digitale Kunst, digitale Audio-, Video- und Multimediadateien, Softwareapplikationen (z. B. Datenbanken, Simulationen) und das World Wide Web. Damit stehen Bibliotheken, Archive und Museen -die so genannten Gedächtnisinstitutionen - vor der Herausforderung, sich dieser digitalen Objekte genauso anzunehmen, wie es ihrem Auftrag, Sammeln - Bewahren - Zugänglich machen, entspricht. Im Gegensatz zu den analogen Medien, wo diese Institutionen auf eine Jahrhunderte lange Erfahrung und Tradition verweisen können, fehlt es bei der Archivierung digitaler Ressourcen noch an ähnlichen Erfahrungen. Die Herausforderungen bei der Archivierung digitaler Ressourcen sind ebenso groß wie die Gefahren des Verlusts eines bewahrenswerten Teils unseres digitalen Erbes.
Footnote
Der Artikel fasst im Wesentlichen die Vorträge von Max Kaiser und Bettina Kann am Bibliothekartag 2004 zusammen
Form
Elektronische Dokumente
Location
A
Wien

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