Document (#27106)

Author
Szostak, R.
Title
Classfying scholarly theories and methods
Source
Knowledge organization. 30(2003) no.1, S.20-35
Year
2003
Abstract
This paper develops a simple yet powerful typology of scholarly theory, based an the 5W questions: "Who?", "What?", "Where?", "When?", and "Why?". It also develops a list of the twelve distinct methods used by scholars. These are then evaluated in terms of the 5W questions. Classifying theory types and methods allows scholars and students to better appreciate the advantages and disadvantages of different theory types and methods. Classifications of theory and method can and should be important components of a system for classifying scholarly documents. Researchers and students are presently limited in their ability to search by theory type or method. As a result, scholars often "re-invent" previous research of which they were unaware.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Szostak, R.: Comment on Hjørland's concept theory (2010) 5.20
    5.195197 = sum of:
      5.195197 = weight(author_txt:szostak in 5107) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.195197 = fieldWeight in 5107, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.312315 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5107)
    
  2. Szostak, R.: ¬A schema for unifying human science : interdisciplinary perspectives on culture (2003) 5.20
    5.195197 = sum of:
      5.195197 = weight(author_txt:szostak in 1929) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.195197 = fieldWeight in 1929, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.312315 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1929)
    
  3. Szostak, R.: Interdisciplinarity and the classification of scholarly documents by phenomena, theories and methods (2007) 5.20
    5.195197 = sum of:
      5.195197 = weight(author_txt:szostak in 3136) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.195197 = fieldWeight in 3136, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.312315 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3136)
    
  4. Szostak, R.: Classification, interdisciplinarity, and the study of science (2008) 5.20
    5.195197 = sum of:
      5.195197 = weight(author_txt:szostak in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.195197 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.312315 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
    
  5. Szostak, R.: Classifying relationships (2012) 5.20
    5.195197 = sum of:
      5.195197 = weight(author_txt:szostak in 3924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.195197 = fieldWeight in 3924, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.312315 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=41962)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3924)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Szostak, R.: Classifying science : phenomena, data, theory, method, practice (2004) 0.18
    0.17673945 = sum of:
      0.17673945 = product of:
        0.63121235 = sum of:
          0.073039085 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.073039085 = score(doc=2326,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.10185986 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0240188 = boost
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.7170546 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.09098271 = weight(abstract_txt:classifications in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09098271 = score(doc=2326,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.117924884 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.101816 = boost
                6.172249 = idf(docFreq=237, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.7715311 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.172249 = idf(docFreq=237, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.050264023 = weight(abstract_txt:types in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050264023 = score(doc=2326,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12603496 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6108937 = boost
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.39881018 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.036334693 = weight(abstract_txt:method in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036334693 = score(doc=2326,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12790196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227812 = boost
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28408238 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.12779889 = weight(abstract_txt:methods in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12779889 = score(doc=2326,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.21795535 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9958506 = boost
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.5863535 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.11929185 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11929185 = score(doc=2326,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3234202 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.160462 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.36884478 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
          0.13350111 = weight(abstract_txt:theory in 2326) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13350111 = score(doc=2326,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.32806215 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.109315 = boost
                4.6039834 = idf(docFreq=1141, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.4069385 = fieldWeight in 2326, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.6039834 = idf(docFreq=1141, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2326)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  2. Szostak, R.: Classification, interdisciplinarity, and the study of science (2008) 0.14
    0.14133845 = sum of:
      0.14133845 = product of:
        0.5889102 = sum of:
          0.05164643 = weight(abstract_txt:theories in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05164643 = score(doc=3894,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10185986 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0240188 = boost
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.5070342 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.736437 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
          0.035542034 = weight(abstract_txt:types in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035542034 = score(doc=3894,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12603496 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6108937 = boost
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28200138 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
          0.11364908 = weight(abstract_txt:classifying in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11364908 = score(doc=3894,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27355215 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3732388 = boost
                6.6473074 = idf(docFreq=147, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.4154567 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.6473074 = idf(docFreq=147, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
          0.10062599 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10062599 = score(doc=3894,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28873542 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9861872 = boost
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.34850588 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
          0.0808271 = weight(abstract_txt:methods in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0808271 = score(doc=3894,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21795535 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9958506 = boost
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.3708425 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
          0.20661955 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 3894) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20661955 = score(doc=3894,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3234202 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.160462 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6388579 = fieldWeight in 3894, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3894)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Thelwall, M.; Kousha, K.: Academia.edu : Social network or Academic Network? (2014) 0.13
    0.13258804 = sum of:
      0.13258804 = product of:
        0.5524502 = sum of:
          0.034009606 = weight(abstract_txt:ability in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034009606 = score(doc=3235,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09713758 = queryWeight, product of:
                5.6018867 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.35011792 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.6018867 = idf(docFreq=420, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
          0.036334693 = weight(abstract_txt:method in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036334693 = score(doc=3235,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12790196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227812 = boost
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28408238 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
          0.081958994 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.081958994 = score(doc=3235,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15252939 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7721404 = boost
                4.963665 = idf(docFreq=796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.5373325 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.963665 = idf(docFreq=796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
          0.17428933 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17428933 = score(doc=3235,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.28873542 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9861872 = boost
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6036299 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
          0.057153393 = weight(abstract_txt:methods in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057153393 = score(doc=3235,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21795535 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9958506 = boost
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.26222524 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.195604 = idf(docFreq=1717, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
          0.16870415 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 3235) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16870415 = score(doc=3235,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3234202 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.160462 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.5216253 = fieldWeight in 3235, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3235)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Liu, X.; Jia, H.: Answering academic questions for education by recommending cyberlearning resources (2013) 0.12
    0.12361168 = sum of:
      0.12361168 = product of:
        0.5150487 = sum of:
          0.03688756 = weight(abstract_txt:evaluated in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03688756 = score(doc=3013,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.102543026 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.027447 = boost
                5.755642 = idf(docFreq=360, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.35972762 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.755642 = idf(docFreq=360, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
          0.035542034 = weight(abstract_txt:types in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035542034 = score(doc=3013,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12603496 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6108937 = boost
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28200138 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.512022 = idf(docFreq=1251, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
          0.036334693 = weight(abstract_txt:method in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036334693 = score(doc=3013,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12790196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227812 = boost
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28408238 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
          0.09385624 = weight(abstract_txt:questions in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09385624 = score(doc=3013,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.15168814 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7672467 = boost
                4.949958 = idf(docFreq=807, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.61874473 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.949958 = idf(docFreq=807, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
          0.10580861 = weight(abstract_txt:students in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10580861 = score(doc=3013,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.15252939 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7721404 = boost
                4.963665 = idf(docFreq=796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6936933 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                4.963665 = idf(docFreq=796, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
          0.20661955 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 3013) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20661955 = score(doc=3013,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3234202 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.160462 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6388579 = fieldWeight in 3013, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3013)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Jeng, W.; DesAutels, S.; He, D.; Li, L.: Information exchange on an academic social networking site : a multidiscipline comparison on researchgate Q&A (2017) 0.11
    0.10605097 = sum of:
      0.10605097 = product of:
        0.53025484 = sum of:
          0.046644904 = weight(abstract_txt:distinct in 432) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046644904 = score(doc=432,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11991007 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1110516 = boost
                6.2239847 = idf(docFreq=225, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.38899904 = fieldWeight in 432, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2239847 = idf(docFreq=225, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=432)
          0.036334693 = weight(abstract_txt:method in 432) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.036334693 = score(doc=432,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12790196 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227812 = boost
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.28408238 = fieldWeight in 432, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.545318 = idf(docFreq=1210, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=432)
          0.06636638 = weight(abstract_txt:questions in 432) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06636638 = score(doc=432,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15168814 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7672467 = boost
                4.949958 = idf(docFreq=807, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.4375186 = fieldWeight in 432, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.949958 = idf(docFreq=807, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=432)
          0.17428933 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 432) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17428933 = score(doc=432,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.28873542 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9861872 = boost
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6036299 = fieldWeight in 432, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.576094 = idf(docFreq=431, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=432)
          0.20661955 = weight(abstract_txt:scholars in 432) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20661955 = score(doc=432,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3234202 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.160462 = boost
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.017340153 = queryNorm
              0.6388579 = fieldWeight in 432, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9015164 = idf(docFreq=311, maxDocs=41962)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=432)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)