Document (#27178)

Author
Fischer, D.H.
Title
From thesauri towards ontologies?
Source
Structures and relations in knowledge organization: Proceedings of the 5th International ISKO-Conference, Lille, 25.-29.8.1998. Ed.: W. Mustafa el Hadi et al
Imprint
Würzburg : Ergon
Year
1998
Pages
S.18-30
Series
Advances in knowledge organization; vol.6
Abstract
The ISO 2788 guidelines for monolingual thesauri contain a differentiation of "the hierarchical relationship" into "generic", "partitive", and "instance", which, for purposes of document retrieval, was deemed adequate. However, ontologies, designed as language inventories for a wider scope of knowledge representation, are based on all these and some more logical differentiations. Rereading the ISO 2788 standard and inspecting the published Cyc Upper Ontology, it is argued that the adoption of the document-retrieval definition of subsumption generally prevents the conception or use of a thesaurus as a substructure of an ontology of the new kind as constructed for AI applications. When a thesaurus is used for fact description and inference on fact descriptions, the instance-of relationship too should be reconsidered: It may also link concepts and metaconcepts, and then its distinction from subsumption is needed. The treatment of the instance-of relationship in thesauri, the Cyc Upper Ontology, and WordNet is described from this perspective
Content
Vgl. auch: http://www.ipsi.fraunhofer.de/orion/pubFulltexts/Fischer_1998.pdf.
Theme
Konzeption und Anwendung des Prinzips Thesaurus
Wissensrepräsentation
Object
Cyc
WordNet

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