Document (#27489)

Author
Oberhauser, O.
Title
Automatisches Klassifizieren : Verfahren zur Erschließung elektronischer Dokumente
Imprint
Köln : Fachhochschule / Institut für Informationswissenschaft
Year
2004
Pages
162 S
Abstract
Automatisches Klassifizieren von Textdokumenten bedeutet die maschinelle Zuordnung jeweils einer oder mehrerer Notationen eines vorgegebenen Klassifikationssystems zu natürlich-sprachlichen Texten mithilfe eines geeigneten Algorithmus. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird in Form einer umfassenden Literaturstudie ein aktueller Kenntnisstand zu den Ein-satzmöglichkeiten des automatischen Klassifizierens für die sachliche Erschliessung von elektronischen Dokumenten, insbesondere von Web-Ressourcen, erarbeitet. Dies betrifft zum einen den methodischen Aspekt und zum anderen die in relevanten Projekten und Anwendungen gewonnenen Erfahrungen. In methodischer Hinsicht gelten heute statistische Verfahren, die auf dem maschinellen Lernen basieren und auf der Grundlage bereits klassifizierter Beispieldokumente ein Modell - einen "Klassifikator" - erstellen, das zur Klassifizierung neuer Dokumente verwendet werden kann, als "state-of-the-art". Die vier in den 1990er Jahren an den Universitäten Lund, Wolverhampton und Oldenburg sowie bei OCLC (Dublin, OH) durchgeführten "grossen" Projekte zum automatischen Klassifizieren von Web-Ressourcen, die in dieser Arbeit ausführlich analysiert werden, arbeiteten allerdings noch mit einfacheren bzw. älteren methodischen Ansätzen. Diese Projekte bedeuten insbesondere aufgrund ihrer Verwendung etablierter bibliothekarischer Klassifikationssysteme einen wichtigen Erfahrungsgewinn, selbst wenn sie bisher nicht zu permanenten und qualitativ zufriedenstellenden Diensten für die Erschliessung elektronischer Ressourcen geführt haben. Die Analyse der weiteren einschlägigen Anwendungen und Projekte lässt erkennen, dass derzeit in den Bereichen Patent- und Mediendokumentation die aktivsten Bestrebungen bestehen, Systeme für die automatische klassifikatorische Erschliessung elektronischer Dokumente im laufenden operativen Betrieb einzusetzen. Dabei dominieren jedoch halbautomatische Systeme, die menschliche Bearbeiter durch Klassifizierungsvorschläge unterstützen, da die gegenwärtig erreichbare Klassifizierungsgüte für eine Vollautomatisierung meist noch nicht ausreicht. Weitere interessante Anwendungen und Projekte finden sich im Bereich von Web-Portalen, Suchmaschinen und (kommerziellen) Informationsdiensten, während sich etwa im Bibliothekswesen kaum nennenswertes Interesse an einer automatischen Klassifizierung von Büchern bzw. bibliographischen Datensätzen registrieren lässt. Die Studie schliesst mit einer Diskussion der wichtigsten Projekte und Anwendungen sowie einiger im Zusammenhang mit dem automatischen Klassifizieren relevanter Fragestellungen und Themen.
Footnote
Master's Thesis Zusatzstudiengang Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft
Theme
Automatisches Klassifizieren
Grundlagen u. Einführungen: Allgemeine Literatur
Object
GerHARD
DESIRE
Scorpion

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  4. Reiner, U.: Automatische DDC-Klassifizierung bibliografischer Titeldatensätze der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie (2009) 0.19
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