Document (#27577)

Author
Cole, C.
Mandelblatt, B.
Stevenson, J.
Title
Visualizing a high recall search strategy output for undergraduates in an exploration stage of researching a term paper
Source
Information processing and management. 38(2002) no.1, S.37-54
Year
2002
Abstract
When accessing an information retrieval system, it has long been said that undergraduates who are in an exploratory stage of researching their essay topic should use a high recall search strategy; what prevents them from doing so is the information overload factor associated with showing the undergraduate a long list of citations. One method of overcoming information overload is summarizing and visualizing the citation list. This paper examines five summarization and visualization schemes for presenting information retrieval (IR) citation output, then discusses whether these schemes are appropriate for undergraduates and other domain novice users. We ask and answer four questions: (1) What is the message these schemes try to communicate and (2) is this message appropriate for domain novice users like undergraduates? (3) How do these schemes communicate their message and (4) is how they communicate the message appropriate for a domain novice? We conclude that (i) the most appropriate message for information space visualizations for domain novice users is associative thinking, and (ii) the message should be communicated with a standardized look that remains relatively constant over time so that the shape and form of the visualization can become familiar and thus useful to students as they navigate their way through the information space produced by a high recall search strategy.

Similar documents (author)

  1. Stevenson, G.: ¬The Mainzer Sachkatalog and his background (1970) 2.40
    2.3993685 = sum of:
      2.3993685 = product of:
        4.798737 = sum of:
          4.798737 = weight(author_txt:stevenson in 754) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.798737 = score(doc=754,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8296222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2189798 = boost
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07353893 = queryNorm
              5.7842436 = fieldWeight in 754, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=754)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  2. Stevenson, G.: ¬The historical context: traditional classification since 1950 (1974) 2.40
    2.3993685 = sum of:
      2.3993685 = product of:
        4.798737 = sum of:
          4.798737 = weight(author_txt:stevenson in 1259) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.798737 = score(doc=1259,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8296222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2189798 = boost
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07353893 = queryNorm
              5.7842436 = fieldWeight in 1259, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1259)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  3. Stevenson, G.: Andreas Schleiermacher's bibliographic classification and its relationship to the Dewey Decimal Classification (1978) 2.40
    2.3993685 = sum of:
      2.3993685 = product of:
        4.798737 = sum of:
          4.798737 = weight(author_txt:stevenson in 3550) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.798737 = score(doc=3550,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8296222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2189798 = boost
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07353893 = queryNorm
              5.7842436 = fieldWeight in 3550, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3550)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. McDonald, S.; Stevenson, R.J.: Navigation in hyperspace : an evaluation of the effects of navigational tools and subject matter expertise on browsing and information retrieval in hypertext (1998) 1.92
    1.9194947 = sum of:
      1.9194947 = product of:
        3.8389895 = sum of:
          3.8389895 = weight(author_txt:stevenson in 4761) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            3.8389895 = score(doc=4761,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8296222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2189798 = boost
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07353893 = queryNorm
              4.6273947 = fieldWeight in 4761, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=4761)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Plaza, L.; Stevenson, M.; Díaz, A.: Resolving ambiguity in biomedical text to improve summarization (2012) 1.44
    1.439621 = sum of:
      1.439621 = product of:
        2.879242 = sum of:
          2.879242 = weight(author_txt:stevenson in 4735) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.879242 = score(doc=4735,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8296222 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2189798 = boost
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07353893 = queryNorm
              3.470546 = fieldWeight in 4735, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.254789 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42306)
                0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=4735)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Cole, C.; Leide, J.E.: Using the user's mental model to guide the integration of information space into information need (2003) 0.42
    0.41834608 = sum of:
      0.41834608 = product of:
        0.8715544 = sum of:
          0.009901338 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009901338 = score(doc=2238,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.03803332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.26033324 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.032654867 = weight(abstract_txt:space in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032654867 = score(doc=2238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.096463725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1261206 = boost
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.33851966 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.026085405 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.026085405 = score(doc=2238,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.065915436 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1400977 = boost
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.39574045 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.074563496 = weight(abstract_txt:output in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.074563496 = score(doc=2238,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.115978055 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2347834 = boost
                5.9389515 = idf(docFreq=302, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.64291036 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.9389515 = idf(docFreq=302, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.047647554 = weight(abstract_txt:stage in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047647554 = score(doc=2238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12409639 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2772692 = boost
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.383956 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.1404014 = weight(abstract_txt:visualization in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1404014 = score(doc=2238,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.12753119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.294825 = boost
                6.227734 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              1.1009182 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                6.227734 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.012601787 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012601787 = score(doc=2238,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05853073 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5193417 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.21530207 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.06203572 = weight(abstract_txt:high in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06203572 = score(doc=2238,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.117440164 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5217974 = boost
                4.879604 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.5282326 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.879604 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.12697707 = weight(abstract_txt:researching in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12697707 = score(doc=2238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23853326 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.770832 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.5323244 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.08172133 = weight(abstract_txt:recall in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08172133 = score(doc=2238,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16155092 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7848562 = boost
                5.723095 = idf(docFreq=375, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.5058549 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.723095 = idf(docFreq=375, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.058439594 = weight(abstract_txt:strategy in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058439594 = score(doc=2238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16276735 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7915633 = boost
                5.7446012 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.35903758 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.7446012 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
          0.19852482 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 2238) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19852482 = score(doc=2238,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.40484175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2625751 = boost
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.49037635 = fieldWeight in 2238, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2238)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  2. Cole, C.; Lin, Y.; Leide, J.; Large, A.; Beheshti, J.: ¬A classification of mental models of undergraduates seeking information for a course essay in history and psychology : preliminary investigations into aligning their mental models with online thesauri (2007) 0.38
    0.38416538 = sum of:
      0.38416538 = product of:
        0.87310314 = sum of:
          0.010003945 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010003945 = score(doc=2626,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.03803332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.26303107 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.012358984 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.012358984 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.063155666 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.19569083 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.040408336 = weight(abstract_txt:space in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040408336 = score(doc=2626,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.096463725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1261206 = boost
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.4188967 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.013177864 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013177864 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.065915436 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1400977 = boost
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.19992076 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.04169161 = weight(abstract_txt:stage in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04169161 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12409639 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2772692 = boost
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.3359615 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.007796958 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.007796958 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05853073 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5193417 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.13321136 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.111104935 = weight(abstract_txt:researching in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.111104935 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23853326 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.770832 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.46578383 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.055712946 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055712946 = score(doc=2626,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15055579 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9896039 = boost
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.37004852 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.0614127 = weight(abstract_txt:schemes in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0614127 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20241475 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3069541 = boost
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.3034003 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.13100924 = weight(abstract_txt:novice in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13100924 = score(doc=2626,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3354321 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.969752 = boost
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.39056855 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
          0.38842562 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 2626) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.38842562 = score(doc=2626,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.40484175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2625751 = boost
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.9594505 = fieldWeight in 2626, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2626)
        0.44 = coord(11/25)
    
  3. Leide, J.E.; Cole, C.; Beheshti, J.; Large, A.; Lin, Y.: Task-based information retrieval : structuring undergraduate history essays for better course evaluation using essay-type visualizations (2007) 0.25
    0.24968044 = sum of:
      0.24968044 = product of:
        0.7802514 = sum of:
          0.008084409 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008084409 = score(doc=2461,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.03803332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.2125612 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.09529511 = weight(abstract_txt:stage in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09529511 = score(doc=2461,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.12409639 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2772692 = boost
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.767912 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.019925175 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019925175 = score(doc=2461,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.05853073 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5193417 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.34042248 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.03581634 = weight(abstract_txt:high in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03581634 = score(doc=2461,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.117440164 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5217974 = boost
                4.879604 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.30497524 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.879604 = idf(docFreq=873, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.12697707 = weight(abstract_txt:researching in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12697707 = score(doc=2461,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.23853326 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.770832 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.5323244 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.06367194 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06367194 = score(doc=2461,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15055579 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9896039 = boost
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.4229126 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.14972484 = weight(abstract_txt:novice in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14972484 = score(doc=2461,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3354321 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.969752 = boost
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.44636405 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
          0.2807565 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 2461) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2807565 = score(doc=2461,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.40484175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2625751 = boost
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.6934969 = fieldWeight in 2461, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2461)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  4. Cole, C.; Kennedy, L.; Carter, S.: ¬The optimization of online searches through the labelling of a dynamic, situation-dependent information need : the reference interview and online searching for undergraduates doing a social-science assignment (1996) 0.23
    0.22607443 = sum of:
      0.22607443 = product of:
        0.9419768 = sum of:
          0.014291351 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014291351 = score(doc=6988,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.03803332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.37575868 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
          0.03765104 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03765104 = score(doc=6988,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.065915436 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1400977 = boost
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.57120216 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
          0.031504467 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.031504467 = score(doc=6988,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05853073 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5193417 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.53825516 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
          0.20661516 = weight(abstract_txt:strategy in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.20661516 = score(doc=6988,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16276735 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7915633 = boost
                5.7446012 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              1.2693895 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.7446012 = idf(docFreq=367, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
          0.15560266 = weight(abstract_txt:appropriate in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15560266 = score(doc=6988,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1868358 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.216399 = boost
                5.330119 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.83283114 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.330119 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
          0.49631208 = weight(abstract_txt:undergraduates in 6988) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49631208 = score(doc=6988,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.40484175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2625751 = boost
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              1.225941 = fieldWeight in 6988, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.8460217 = idf(docFreq=44, maxDocs=42306)
                0.15625 = fieldNorm(doc=6988)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  5. Leide, J.E.; Large, A.; Beheshti, J.; Brooks, M.; Cole, C.: Visualization schemes for domain novices exploring a topic space : the navigation classification scheme (2003) 0.22
    0.21813145 = sum of:
      0.21813145 = product of:
        0.5453286 = sum of:
          0.008084409 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008084409 = score(doc=3079,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.03803332 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.2125612 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.032654867 = weight(abstract_txt:space in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032654867 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.096463725 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1261206 = boost
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.33851966 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4163146 = idf(docFreq=510, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.0150604155 = weight(abstract_txt:search in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0150604155 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.065915436 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1400977 = boost
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.22848086 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6556938 = idf(docFreq=2971, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.047647554 = weight(abstract_txt:stage in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047647554 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12409639 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2772692 = boost
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.383956 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.143296 = idf(docFreq=246, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.0702007 = weight(abstract_txt:visualization in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0702007 = score(doc=3079,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12753119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.294825 = boost
                6.227734 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.5504591 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.227734 = idf(docFreq=226, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.015433975 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015433975 = score(doc=3079,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.05853073 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5193417 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.2636901 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.04502286 = weight(abstract_txt:domain in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04502286 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15055579 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9896039 = boost
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.29904437 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.78471 = idf(docFreq=960, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.062241066 = weight(abstract_txt:appropriate in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.062241066 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1868358 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.216399 = boost
                5.330119 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.33313245 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.330119 = idf(docFreq=556, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.09925791 = weight(abstract_txt:schemes in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09925791 = score(doc=3079,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20241475 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3069541 = boost
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.49036893 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
          0.14972484 = weight(abstract_txt:novice in 3079) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14972484 = score(doc=3079,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.3354321 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.969752 = boost
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.01581522 = queryNorm
              0.44636405 = fieldWeight in 3079, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1418247 = idf(docFreq=90, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3079)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)