Document (#27946)

Author
Geeb, F.
Spree, U.
Title
Wörterbücher und Enzyklopädien
Source
Grundlagen der praktischen Information und Dokumentation. 5., völlig neu gefaßte Ausgabe. 2 Bde. Hrsg. von R. Kuhlen, Th. Seeger u. D. Strauch. Begründet von Klaus Laisiepen, Ernst Lutterbeck, Karl-Heinrich Meyer-Uhlenried. Bd.1: Handbuch zur Einführung in die Informationswissenschaft und -praxis
Imprint
München : Saur
Year
2004
Pages
S.481-493
Abstract
Als allgemeine Informationsmittel erlauben Wörterbücher und Enzyklopädien einen gezielten Zugriff auf Fakteninformationen. Angesichts des extrem dynamischen Marktes und des hohen Grades der inhaltlichen Spezialisierung, besonders wenn man die zahlreichen elektronischen Produkte mit einbezieht, ist es nicht möglich einen umfassenden systematischen Überblick über den gängigen Bestand von Wörterbüchern und Enzyklopädien zu liefern. Dieser Beitrag wird sich auf einige wenige exemplarische Beispiele beschränken, wesentliche Strukturmerkmale aufzeigen und daneben geeignete Kriterien zur Auswahl und Evaluierung der Qualität von Nachschlagewerken anbieten. Seit einigen Jahren beschäftigen sich Informationswissenschaftler und -praktiker verstärkt mit Wörterbüchern und Enzyklopädien in Hinblick auf die hier seit Jahrhunderten praktizierten Formen der strukturierten Informations- und Wissensaufbereitung. Ein Trend, der durch zwei Entwicklungen entscheidend befördert wurde, den Einsatz von Datenbanken zur Verwaltung lexikographischer Informationen, unabhängig in welchem Medium sie erscheinen, und die Durchsetzung von XML als Auszeichnungssprache für lexikographische Daten.
Theme
Informationsmittel

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