Document (#28498)

Author
Schulzki-Haddouti, C.
Title
Bürgerrechte im Netz : Zwischen Informationsfreiheit und Datenschutz
Source
¬Die Google-Gesellschaft: Vom digitalen Wandel des Wissens. Hrsg.: K. Lehmann, M. Schetsche
Imprint
Transcript-Verlag : Bielefeld
Year
2005
Pages
S.141-150
Abstract
Demokratie kann nur auf der Basis eines ausgewogenen Spiels der Kräfte funktionieren. Öffentlichkeit ist hierbei ein ausgezeichnetes Mittel, dieses Spiel am Laufen zu halten. Medien, die Öffentlichkeit herstellen, werden deshalb sogar als »vierte Macht« bezeichnet. Sie werden dann zur Macht, wenn sie nicht nur als Vermittler der öffentlichen Meinung auftreten, sondern durch ihr Agieren selbst Gesellschaft gestalten. Hauptaufgabe der Medien ist es, eine Öffentlichkeit durch Transparenz herzustellen. Je mehr relevante Informationen Bürger erhalten, desto eher sind sie in der Lage, sich eine Meinung zu bilden. In den USA wird das Recht der Bürger auf Information umschrieben mit dem »Recht der Öffentlichkeit, zu wissen«, »the public's right to know«. Informationsfreiheit ermöglicht Bürgern, sich zu informieren, sich zu bilden und mündig Entscheidungen zu treffen. Die Medien stehen damit im Dienste des öffentlichen Interesses auf Wissen und Bildung.
Theme
Internet
Field
Kommunikationswissenschaften

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