Document (#28723)

Author
Bayer, M.
Title
Wikipedia - kein Einzelfall
Source
Frankfurter Rundschau. Nr.179 vom 4.8.2005, S.2
Year
2005
Series
Thema des Tages
Abstract
Für viele steht das Internet vor allem für windigen Kommerz. Nun zeigt sich: Große Projekte sind nur deshalb erfolgreich, weil sich Nutzer freiwillig dafür engagieren.
Content
""Das Ehrenamt", schreibt Wikipedia, "bezeichnet ein öffentliches unbezahltes Amt, das durch soziale Anerkennung vergolten wird." Später heißt es weiter in eigener Sache: "Wikipedia wird zum größten Teil ehrenamtlich geleistet und stellt so eine neue Form von bürgerschaftlichem Engagement dar." Neu und unerwartet klingt das zunächst in der Tat: Das erfolgreichste Onlineprojekt seiner Art lebt nicht von den Millionen eines internationalen Konzerns, sondern dank der unentgeltlichen Arbeit seiner Nutzer. Steht das Internet doch in den Augen vieler vor allem für Kommerz und windige Geschäfte. Doch Wikipedia ist kein Einzelfall. Es gibt weitere Projekte im Internet, die in ihrer Qualität rein kommerziell kaum realisierbar sein dürften. Da ist etwa das "Open Directory" - nicht weniger als der Versuch, dem Internet ein Inhaltsverzeichnis zu geben. Ähnliche Kataloge professioneller Anbieter sind oft veraltet; zunehmend nehmen sie Adressen gegen Bezahlung vorrangig auf - was die Listen-Unabhängigkeit in Frage stellt. Beim "Open Directory" fließt kein Geld. Um die Einträge kümmern sich etwa 68.000 ehrenamtliche Editoren - eine Redaktionsstärke, die sich selbst finanzstarke Unternehmen kaum werden leisten wollen. Mehr als 400 Webseiten übernehmen den Katalog - unter anderem die bekannteste aller Web-Suchmaschinen in der Rubrik "Google Verzeichnis". Gegenseitiger Austausch und Hilfe - das macht entgegen mancher Wahrnehmung schon immer den Reiz des internets aus. Denn das Medium bringt Interessierte selbst für ungewöhnliche Vorlieben zusammen. Das geschieht oft abseits des bunten World Wide Web, etwa in Mail-Verteilerlisten oder den kaum bekannten Foren des Usenet. Sie leben von Debatten, Fragen und Antworten. Und sammeln erstaunliches Fachwissen - mal auf nationaler, mal auf internationaler Ebene. Google bietet einen Einblick in diese Welt unter groups.google.de. Freiwillig zusammen an einer gemeinsamen Sache arbeiten - das ist auch das Prinzip von Open-Source-Software, als deren prominenteste Vertreterin das Betriebssystem Linux gilt. Derartige Programme stehen unter bestimmten Bedingungen frei zur Verfügung. Den Aktiven ist die soziale Anerkennung sicher, von der Wikipedia spricht. Und manchmal nicht nur die. Hier und da wird aus dem Ehrenamt ein bezahlter Job - beispielsweise wenn es darum geht, Computersysteme zu betreuen, die mit der freien Software laufen."
Footnote
Artikel auf einer Sonderseite anlässlich des ersten internationalen Wikipedia-Kongresses am 4.8.2005 in Frankfurt am Main
Theme
Internet
Information Gateway
Object
Open Directory

Similar documents (author)

  1. Bayer, M.: "New Love" erzeugt Leere in Computer-Herzen : Neuer Virus verbreitet sich seit Freitag - er gilt als listiger und aggressiver als der vermeintliche Liebesbrief "I love you" (2000) 5.55
    5.55006 = sum of:
      5.55006 = weight(author_txt:bayer in 1532) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.55006 = fieldWeight in 1532, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.8800955 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=1532)
    
  2. Bayer, M.: ¬Die Gier der Bits und Bytes auf Gutenberg : Elektronisches Publizieren, Drucken und das papierlose E-Book melden sich in Frankfurt zu Wort (2000) 5.55
    5.55006 = sum of:
      5.55006 = weight(author_txt:bayer in 392) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.55006 = fieldWeight in 392, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.8800955 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=392)
    
  3. Bayer, M.: Schulen ans Netz (2001) 5.55
    5.55006 = sum of:
      5.55006 = weight(author_txt:bayer in 580) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.55006 = fieldWeight in 580, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.8800955 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=580)
    
  4. Bayer, M.: Zweiter Sonnenaufgang im Internet : Die Registrierung für die neuen Netz-Adressen .info und .biz startet - "Sunrise-Period" soll Markenrechte sichern (2001) 5.55
    5.55006 = sum of:
      5.55006 = weight(author_txt:bayer in 947) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.55006 = fieldWeight in 947, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.8800955 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=947)
    
  5. Bayer, M.: Keine E-Mail soll mehr unbemerkt am FBI vorbeikommen : Die US-Bundespolizei will Abhör-Computer direkt bei den Internet-Anbietern aufbauen - Datenschützer fürchten Missbrauch (2000) 5.55
    5.55006 = sum of:
      5.55006 = weight(author_txt:bayer in 820) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.55006 = fieldWeight in 820, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          8.8800955 = idf(docFreq=15, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=820)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Breyer, K.: Kommerz statt Information (2002) 0.23
    0.23114583 = sum of:
      0.23114583 = product of:
        2.1958854 = sum of:
          0.054126587 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 1569) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054126587 = score(doc=1569,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07307994 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0672777 = boost
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.740649 = fieldWeight in 1569, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.1875 = fieldNorm(doc=1569)
          2.141759 = weight(title_txt:kommerz in 1569) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            2.141759 = score(doc=1569,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.44129163 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.622655 = boost
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              4.853387 = fieldWeight in 1569, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=1569)
        0.10526316 = coord(2/19)
    
  2. Kossel, A.: Zwischen Chaos und Kommerz : Linus ringt um Ansehen (1994) 0.23
    0.2292707 = sum of:
      0.2292707 = product of:
        1.4520478 = sum of:
          0.03608439 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 68) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03608439 = score(doc=68,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07307994 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0672777 = boost
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.493766 = fieldWeight in 68, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=68)
          0.07736415 = weight(abstract_txt:sich in 68) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07736415 = score(doc=68,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12150993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9462526 = boost
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.6366899 = fieldWeight in 68, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=68)
          1.3385993 = weight(title_txt:kommerz in 68) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            1.3385993 = score(doc=68,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.44129163 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.622655 = boost
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              3.0333667 = fieldWeight in 68, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.3125 = fieldNorm(doc=68)
        0.15789473 = coord(3/19)
    
  3. Weinberger, D.: ¬Das Ende der Schublade : die Macht der neuen digitalen Unordnung (2008) 0.19
    0.18736261 = sum of:
      0.18736261 = product of:
        0.50855565 = sum of:
          0.018550994 = weight(abstract_txt:internet in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018550994 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.064156905 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.701125 = idf(docFreq=2839, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.2891504 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.701125 = idf(docFreq=2839, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.022552745 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022552745 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07307994 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0672777 = boost
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.30860376 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.08180083 = weight(abstract_txt:weil in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08180083 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17251907 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6398226 = boost
                6.069188 = idf(docFreq=265, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.4741553 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.069188 = idf(docFreq=265, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.091528945 = weight(abstract_txt:wikipedia in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.091528945 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18593918 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7024084 = boost
                6.300826 = idf(docFreq=210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.49225205 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.300826 = idf(docFreq=210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.11059508 = weight(abstract_txt:projekte in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11059508 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21093848 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8132439 = boost
                6.711042 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.52430016 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.711042 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.13517448 = weight(abstract_txt:erfolgreich in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13517448 = score(doc=686,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.24113584 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9386936 = boost
                7.1753473 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.560574 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.1753473 = idf(docFreq=87, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
          0.04835259 = weight(abstract_txt:sich in 686) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04835259 = score(doc=686,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12150993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9462526 = boost
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.3979312 = fieldWeight in 686, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=686)
        0.36842105 = coord(7/19)
    
  4. Knudsen, H.: Zum Urheberrechtsschutz von Inhaltsverzeichnissen bei der Kataloganreicherung (2012) 0.18
    0.18243696 = sum of:
      0.18243696 = product of:
        0.57771707 = sum of:
          0.018042196 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018042196 = score(doc=2316,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07307994 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0672777 = boost
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.246883 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
          0.055970434 = weight(abstract_txt:steht in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055970434 = score(doc=2316,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15544535 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5565647 = boost
                5.76104 = idf(docFreq=361, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.360065 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.76104 = idf(docFreq=361, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
          0.118489236 = weight(abstract_txt:deshalb in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.118489236 = score(doc=2316,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.17769866 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6642569 = boost
                6.1596227 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.6667987 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.1596227 = idf(docFreq=242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
          0.08101702 = weight(abstract_txt:kein in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08101702 = score(doc=2316,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19890977 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7607851 = boost
                6.5168858 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.40730536 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5168858 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
          0.047375668 = weight(abstract_txt:sich in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047375668 = score(doc=2316,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.12150993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9462526 = boost
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.38989133 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
          0.2568225 = weight(abstract_txt:einzelfall in 2316) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2568225 = score(doc=2316,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.4292339 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5865765 = boost
                9.573242 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.59832764 = fieldWeight in 2316, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.573242 = idf(docFreq=7, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=2316)
        0.31578946 = coord(6/19)
    
  5. Lewandowski, D.: Web Information Retrieval : Technologien zur Informationssuche im Internet (2005) 0.18
    0.17966798 = sum of:
      0.17966798 = product of:
        0.37929907 = sum of:
          0.022097088 = weight(abstract_txt:sind in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.022097088 = score(doc=636,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.07307994 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0672777 = boost
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.3023687 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.950128 = idf(docFreq=2213, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.046919975 = weight(abstract_txt:allem in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.046919975 = score(doc=636,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13820077 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4676874 = boost
                5.432094 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.33950588 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.432094 = idf(docFreq=502, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.025809249 = weight(abstract_txt:viele in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025809249 = score(doc=636,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14727947 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5151283 = boost
                5.607679 = idf(docFreq=421, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.17523997 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.607679 = idf(docFreq=421, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.045514643 = weight(abstract_txt:zeigt in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045514643 = score(doc=636,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14905697 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5242438 = boost
                5.641417 = idf(docFreq=407, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.30535066 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.641417 = idf(docFreq=407, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.027985217 = weight(abstract_txt:steht in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027985217 = score(doc=636,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15544535 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5565647 = boost
                5.76104 = idf(docFreq=361, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.1800325 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.76104 = idf(docFreq=361, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.0860761 = weight(abstract_txt:nutzer in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0860761 = score(doc=636,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.15805182 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5695605 = boost
                5.8091397 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.54460686 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                5.8091397 = idf(docFreq=344, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.03321671 = weight(abstract_txt:dafür in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03321671 = score(doc=636,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17425947 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6480732 = boost
                6.099725 = idf(docFreq=257, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.1906164 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.099725 = idf(docFreq=257, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.04050851 = weight(abstract_txt:kein in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04050851 = score(doc=636,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19890977 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7607851 = boost
                6.5168858 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.20365268 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5168858 = idf(docFreq=169, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
          0.05117157 = weight(abstract_txt:sich in 636) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.05117157 = score(doc=636,freq=14.0), product of:
              0.12150993 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9462526 = boost
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.017334433 = queryNorm
              0.42113078 = fieldWeight in 636, product of:
                3.7416575 = tf(freq=14.0), with freq of:
                  14.0 = termFreq=14.0
                3.601662 = idf(docFreq=3136, maxDocs=42306)
                0.03125 = fieldNorm(doc=636)
        0.47368422 = coord(9/19)