Document (#29030)

Author
Lewandowski, D.
Title
Web Information Retrieval
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 56(2005) H.1, S.5-12
Year
2005
Abstract
WebInformationRetrieval hat sich als gesonderter Forschungsbereich herausgebildet. Neben den im klassischen Information Retrieval behandelten Fragen ergeben sich durch die Eigenheiten des Web neue und zusätzliche Forschungsfragen. Die Unterschiede zwischen Information Retrieval und Web Information Retrieval werden diskutiert. Derzweite Teil des Aufsatzes gibt einen Überblick über die Forschungsliteratur der letzten zwei Jahre. Dieser Aufsatz gibt einen Überblick über den Stand der Forschung im Bereich Web Information Retrieval. Im ersten Teil werden die besonderen Probleme, die sich in diesem Bereich ergeben, anhand einer Gegenüberstellung mit dem "klassischen" Information Retrieval erläutert. Der weitere Text diskutiert die wichtigste in den letzten Jahren erschienene Literatur zum Thema, wobei ein Schwerpunkt auf die - so vorhanden-deutschsprachige Literatur gelegt wird. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf Literatur aus den Jahren 2003 und 2004. Zum einen zeigt sich in dem betrachteten Forschungsfeld eine schnelle Entwicklung, so dass viele ältere Untersuchungen nur noch einen historischen bzw. methodischen Wert haben; andererseits existieren umfassende ältere Reviewartikel (s. v.a. Rasmussen 2003). Schon bei der Durchsicht der Literatur wird allerdings deutlich, dass zu einigen Themenfeldern keine oder nur wenig deutschsprachige Literatur vorhanden ist. Leider ist dies aber nicht nur darauf zurückzuführen, dass die Autoren aus den deutschsprachigen Ländern ihre Ergebnisse in englischer Sprache publizieren. Vielmehr wird deutlich, dass in diesen Ländern nur wenig Forschung im Suchmaschinen-Bereich stattfindet. Insbesondere zu sprachspezifischen Problemen von Web-Suchmaschinen fehlen Untersuchungen. Ein weiteres Problem der Forschung im Suchmaschinen-Bereich liegt in der Tatsache begründet, dass diese zu einem großen Teil innerhalb von Unternehmen stattfindet, welche sich scheuen, die Ergebnisse in großem Umfang zu publizieren, da sie fürchten, die Konkurrenz könnte von solchen Veröffentlichungen profitieren. So finden sich etwa auch Vergleichszahlen über einzelne Suchmaschinen oft nur innerhalb von Vorträgen oder Präsentationen von Firmenvertretern (z.B. Singhal 2004; Dean 2004). Das Hauptaugenmerk dieses Artikels liegt auf der Frage, inwieweit Suchmaschinen in der Lage sind, die im Web vorhanden Inhalte zu indexieren, mit welchen Methoden sie dies tun und ob bzw. wie sie ihre Ziele erreichen. Ausgenommen bleiben damit explizit Fragen der Effizienz bei der Erschließung des Web und der Skalierbarkeit von Suchmaschinen. Anders formuliert: Diese Übersicht orientiert sich an klassisch informationswissenschaftlichen Fragen und spart die eher im Bereich der Informatik diskutierten Fragen weitgehend aus.
Eine regelmäßige Übersicht neuer US-Patente und US-Patentanmeldungen im Bereich Information Retrieval bietet die News-Seite Resourceshelf (www.resourceshelf.com).
Content
Mit einer Tabelle, die eine Gegenüberstellung des WebRetrieval zum 'klassischen' Information Retrieval anbietet
Footnote
Beitrag in einem Heft mit dem Themenschwerpunkt "Suchmaschinen"
Theme
Suchmaschinen

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