Document (#29260)

Author
Vidmar, D.
Anderson, C.
Title
History of Internet search tools
Source
Encyclopedia of library and information science. Vol.71, [=Suppl.34]
Imprint
New York : Dekker
Year
2002
Pages
S.146-162
Abstract
Finding information an the Internet and the World Wide Web (WWW) has always been somewhat like trying to find a needle in a haystack. An added dimension to the haystack metaphor is that the Internet environment is a dynamic collection of information. Changes occur almost every second. New pages are added. Old pages are deleted or altered. From the very beginning of the World Wide Web (WWW), search tools were needed to create order and provide an interface that allowed users to retrieve current documents while at the same time deleting inactive sites. Search databases and indexes could not be static; neither could the interface that served as the public relations instrument for the product. The tools of Internet searching emerged from the simple and modest beginnings of research and graduate school projects to the highly competitive and highly secretive proprietary corporate environment. As search tools evolved, they changed not only how people find information, but also how they viewed the world of the twenty-first century. The Internet grew out of a need to connect computers at one location to computers at other locations, thus creating a globalization of shared resources. The early iterations of shared data were basic but grew rapidly as more and more computers became connected. Connectivity led to an information base that multiplied and evolved exponentially. This information base ultimately became unwieldy, and some of the early Internet pioneers began to see the necessity for both an organizational scheme and a method for accessing what was available. Each new tool provided more order, and in general an improved searching mechanism. From the early beginnings of Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Archie, Veronica, and Gopher to the current iterations of Web search engines and search directories that use graphical interfaces, spiders, worms, robots, complex algorithms, proprietary information, competing interfaces, and advertising, access to the vast store of materials that is the Internet has depended upon search tools.
Footnote
Übersichtsartikel zum Thema Suchmaschinen
Theme
Suchmaschinen

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  5. Nicholson, S.: Raising reliability of Web search tool research through replication and chaos theory (2000) 0.15
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