Document (#29491)

Author
Liew, C.L.
Foo, S.
Chennupati, K.R.
Title
¬A user study of the design issues of PROPIE : a novel environment for enhanced interaction and value-adding of electronic documents
Source
Journal of documentation. 57(2001) no.3, S.377-426
Year
2001
Abstract
In this paper, we present a proposed information environment (PROPIE) for enhanced interaction and value-adding of electronic documents (e-documents). The design of PROPIE was based on a thorough user needs and requirements assessment in interacting with information through well-documented findings, and a focus group with twelve participants to elicit features that were deemed desirable in future interactions. The design was also based on an earlier work which reviewed the advancements in various user interface (UI) technologies, visualisation and interactive techniques, and a consideration of novel information structuring and organisation techniques that pose important implications for the design of more advanced UIs. Providing a suite of novel features and interactive tools that can be flexibly combined, PROPIE allows users to apply multiple novel ways to query intuitively and navigate information in an e-document. The querying and browsing processes in PROPIE are supported by various interactive and visualisation techniques. Users work within a visually sovereign, integrated environment for information gathering and organising, based on navigable, fractional information objects that are also affiliated with rich metadata and additional layers of value-adding information. A set of interface mock-ups was developed to demonstrate the potential of the environment in supporting the design of a new generation of electronic journals (e-journals). We report here empirical results from a study conducted to obtain representative users' feedback with regard to using PROPIE for interacting with e-journals. Twenty-two participants from a variety of academic backgrounds participated in the evaluation. Overall, PROPIE was found to have the potential both for enhancing the user's interaction with information captured within e-journals and for adding value to e-documents in various ways.
Footnote
Vgl. auch: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/10.1108/EUM0000000007088.
Form
Elektronische Dokumente

Similar documents (content)

  1. Liew, C.L.; Foo, S.; Chennupati, K.R.: ¬A proposed information environment for enhanced integrated access and valueadding to electronic documents : a critical overview (2000) 1.81
    1.8125962 = sum of:
      1.8125962 = product of:
        1.9702132 = sum of:
          0.016241549 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016241549 = score(doc=1850,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.05402919 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.30060694 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.014554898 = weight(abstract_txt:based in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014554898 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07243081 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0027163 = boost
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.20094898 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.1335043 = weight(abstract_txt:sovereign in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1335043 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2200596 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0090808 = boost
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.60667336 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.1335043 = weight(abstract_txt:flexibly in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1335043 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2200596 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0090808 = boost
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.60667336 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.706774 = idf(docFreq=6, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.04012998 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04012998 = score(doc=1850,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.089717366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.4472933 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.021803413 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.021803413 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09482734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1473163 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2299275 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.09868239 = weight(abstract_txt:enhanced in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09868239 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17990226 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2902952 = boost
                6.205947 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.5485334 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.205947 = idf(docFreq=231, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.047224276 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047224276 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12599427 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3224881 = boost
                4.240524 = idf(docFreq=1655, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.3748129 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.240524 = idf(docFreq=1655, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.053766187 = weight(abstract_txt:various in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053766187 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1373768 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3809346 = boost
                4.427931 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.39137748 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.427931 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.04063859 = weight(abstract_txt:techniques in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04063859 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14361826 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4119562 = boost
                4.527401 = idf(docFreq=1242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.28296256 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.527401 = idf(docFreq=1242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.019977625 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019977625 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08945676 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5759338 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.22332159 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.12864463 = weight(abstract_txt:interacting in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12864463 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27048796 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5821394 = boost
                7.609633 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.47560206 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.609633 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.06449976 = weight(abstract_txt:interaction in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06449976 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19541414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6470029 = boost
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.330067 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.07050986 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07050986 = score(doc=1850,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.15825458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7114488 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.445547 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.105880305 = weight(abstract_txt:interactive in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.105880305 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21583275 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7309124 = boost
                5.5501256 = idf(docFreq=446, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.49056643 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.5501256 = idf(docFreq=446, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.18622234 = weight(abstract_txt:visualisation in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18622234 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34613168 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7897462 = boost
                8.608162 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.5380101 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.608162 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.087843165 = weight(abstract_txt:value in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.087843165 = score(doc=1850,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.18322936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.841549 = boost
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.47941643 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.10136119 = weight(abstract_txt:environment in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10136119 = score(doc=1850,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2015754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9315437 = boost
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.50284505 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.047738094 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.047738094 = score(doc=1850,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.11086307 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.025789 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.43060413 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.04540617 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04540617 = score(doc=1850,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18334824 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0595822 = boost
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2476499 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.11458907 = weight(abstract_txt:journals in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11458907 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.25040844 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1528325 = boost
                5.1772513 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.45760867 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.1772513 = idf(docFreq=648, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.14710727 = weight(abstract_txt:novel in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14710727 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.29578507 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.339774 = boost
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.49734515 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
          0.25038385 = weight(abstract_txt:adding in 1850) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.25038385 = score(doc=1850,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.42165542 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7936025 = boost
                6.71821 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.5938115 = fieldWeight in 1850, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.71821 = idf(docFreq=138, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1850)
        0.92 = coord(23/25)
    
  2. Attfield, S.; Blandford, A.: Conceptual misfits in Email-based current-awareness interaction (2011) 0.30
    0.30155644 = sum of:
      0.30155644 = product of:
        0.57991624 = sum of:
          0.020583734 = weight(abstract_txt:based in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020583734 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07243081 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0027163 = boost
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.28418478 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.033107616 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033107616 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.109439 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.006368 = boost
                4.840339 = idf(docFreq=908, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.3025212 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.840339 = idf(docFreq=908, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.02006499 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02006499 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.089717366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.22364666 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.04742212 = weight(abstract_txt:participants in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04742212 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13906167 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1344216 = boost
                5.45624 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.341015 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.45624 = idf(docFreq=490, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.043606825 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.043606825 = score(doc=1491,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.09482734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1473163 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.459855 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.033392604 = weight(abstract_txt:electronic in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.033392604 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.12599427 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3224881 = boost
                4.240524 = idf(docFreq=1655, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.26503274 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.240524 = idf(docFreq=1655, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.02825263 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02825263 = score(doc=1491,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.08945676 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5759338 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.31582442 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.09121643 = weight(abstract_txt:interaction in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09121643 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19541414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6470029 = boost
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.46678522 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.040708885 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.040708885 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15825458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7114488 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2572367 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.050716277 = weight(abstract_txt:value in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050716277 = score(doc=1491,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18322936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.841549 = boost
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.27679121 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.082761064 = weight(abstract_txt:environment in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.082761064 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2015754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9315437 = boost
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.41057125 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.023869047 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023869047 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11086307 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.025789 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.21530207 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
          0.06421402 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 1491) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06421402 = score(doc=1491,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.18334824 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0595822 = boost
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.35022983 = fieldWeight in 1491, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1491)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  3. Zhou, D.; Lawless, S.; Wu, X.; Zhao, W.; Liu, J.: ¬A study of user profile representation for personalized cross-language information retrieval (2016) 0.26
    0.26362094 = sum of:
      0.26362094 = product of:
        0.5492103 = sum of:
          0.011484509 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011484509 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05402919 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2125612 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.020583734 = weight(abstract_txt:based in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020583734 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.07243081 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0027163 = boost
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.28418478 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.028376179 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028376179 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.089717366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.31628412 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.057686407 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057686407 = score(doc=86,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.09482734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1473163 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.60833097 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.053766187 = weight(abstract_txt:various in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053766187 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1373768 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3809346 = boost
                4.427931 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.39137748 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.427931 = idf(docFreq=1372, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.0703881 = weight(abstract_txt:techniques in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0703881 = score(doc=86,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.14361826 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4119562 = boost
                4.527401 = idf(docFreq=1242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.4901055 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.527401 = idf(docFreq=1242, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.019977625 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019977625 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08945676 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5759338 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.22332159 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.057571057 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.057571057 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15825458 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7114488 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.36378762 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.050716277 = weight(abstract_txt:value in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050716277 = score(doc=86,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18322936 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.841549 = boost
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.27679121 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.4286594 = idf(docFreq=1371, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.029233495 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029233495 = score(doc=86,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.11086307 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.025789 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2636901 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.04540617 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04540617 = score(doc=86,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18334824 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0595822 = boost
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2476499 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.10402055 = weight(abstract_txt:novel in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10402055 = score(doc=86,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.29578507 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.339774 = boost
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.35167614 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  4. Gossen, T.: Search engines for children : search user interfaces and information-seeking behaviour (2016) 0.24
    0.24198043 = sum of:
      0.24198043 = product of:
        0.75618887 = sum of:
          0.025471073 = weight(abstract_txt:based in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025471073 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07243081 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0027163 = boost
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.35166073 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.2151837 = idf(docFreq=4616, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.03511373 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03511373 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.089717366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.39138165 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.053960692 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053960692 = score(doc=4753,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09482734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1473163 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.5690415 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.024721049 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.024721049 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08945676 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5759338 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.27634636 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.3258891 = weight(abstract_txt:visualisation in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3258891 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.34613168 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7897462 = boost
                8.608162 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.9415177 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.608162 = idf(docFreq=20, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.02953644 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02953644 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.11086307 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.025789 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.26642272 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.0794608 = weight(abstract_txt:design in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0794608 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18334824 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0595822 = boost
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.4333873 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9623983 = idf(docFreq=2186, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
          0.18203595 = weight(abstract_txt:novel in 4753) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18203595 = score(doc=4753,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.29578507 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.339774 = boost
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.6154332 = fieldWeight in 4753, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.626818 = idf(docFreq=413, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=4753)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  5. Park, S.: Usability, user preferences, effectiveness, and user behaviors when searching individual and integrated full-text databases : implications for digital libraries (2000) 0.23
    0.23359567 = sum of:
      0.23359567 = product of:
        0.64887685 = sum of:
          0.016241549 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016241549 = score(doc=5592,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.05402919 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.30060694 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.087594524 = weight(abstract_txt:interface in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.087594524 = score(doc=5592,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.109439 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.006368 = boost
                4.840339 = idf(docFreq=908, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.80039585 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.840339 = idf(docFreq=908, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.028376179 = weight(abstract_txt:users in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028376179 = score(doc=5592,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.089717366 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1159755 = boost
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.31628412 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5783465 = idf(docFreq=3210, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.03776462 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03776462 = score(doc=5592,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09482734 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1473163 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.3982461 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.037374716 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.037374716 = score(doc=5592,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.08945676 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5759338 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.41779643 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.18193099 = weight(abstract_txt:interacting in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18193099 = score(doc=5592,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.27048796 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5821394 = boost
                7.609633 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.6726029 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.609633 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.12899952 = weight(abstract_txt:interaction in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12899952 = score(doc=5592,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.19541414 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6470029 = boost
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.660134 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.281072 = idf(docFreq=584, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.10136119 = weight(abstract_txt:environment in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10136119 = score(doc=5592,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.2015754 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9315437 = boost
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.50284505 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.6450834 = idf(docFreq=1104, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
          0.029233495 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 5592) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029233495 = score(doc=5592,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.11086307 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.025789 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02246671 = queryNorm
              0.2636901 = fieldWeight in 5592, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=5592)
        0.36 = coord(9/25)