Document (#30097)

Author
Stammbach, U.
Title
¬"Die Mathematik ist eine gar herrliche Wissenschaft"
Source
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung. 2005, H.4, S.214-224
Year
2005
Abstract
Ein Mathematiker, der einen Vortrag vor einem allgemeinen Publikum halten soll, steht vor einem schwierigen Problem. Wählt er ein Thema aus der Mathematik, so spaltet er die Zuhörerschaft automatisch in drei Teile: Ein Drittel, bestehend aus den Mit-Mathematikerinnen und Mathematikern wird nichts Neues zu hören bekommen und den Vortrag dementsprechend langweilig finden, ein zweites Drittel, bestehend aus mathematischen Laien wird den vertrackten mathematischen Gedankengängen nicht folgen können oder nicht folgen wollen und sich deswegen ebenfalls langweilen; nur das mittlere Drittel der Zuhörerschaft wird in einigen glücklichen Fällen dem Vortrag etwas Interessantes abgewinnen können. Ich möchte hier dem Dilemma ausweichen; im Rahmen einer Abschiedsvorlesung darf man eine gewisse Narrenfreiheit beanspruchen. Ich will nicht über ein Thema der Mathematik sprechen, sondern ich möchte in diesem Vortrag einige Beispiele von Aussagen zusammenstellen, echte und solche aus der Literatur, in denen sich Nichtmathematiker über die Mathematik geäussert haben. Ich hoffe, damit nicht nur einen Teil der Zuhörerschaft sondern alle Anwesenden anzusprechen und mit meinem Vortrag in den nächsten Minuten etwas unterhalten zu können. Die Zitate, die ich vorführen will, sind nicht zufällig aufgereiht, sondern sie sind locker eingebettet in eine historischgesellschaftliche Entwicklung, die auch für sich allein genommen interessant ist und Überraschungen enthält. Man möge mir verzeihen, wenn ab und zu dieser Hintergrund etwas zu prominent in Erscheinung treten sollte. Ganz zum Schluss werde ich dann noch einmal - und vom Vortragsthema etwas getrennt - kurz auf das eben erwähnte Dilemma der Dreiteilung der Zuhörerschaft zurückkommen, die ich hier zu vermeiden versuche.
Beispiele Schopenhauer: "Es ist fast mit der Mathematik, wie rnit der Theologie. Sowie die der letzteren Beflissenen, zumal wenn sie in Ämtern stehen. Anspruch auf einen besonderen Kredit von Heiligkeit und eine nähere Verwandtschaft mit Gott machen, obgleich sehr viele darunter wahre Taugenichtse sind, so verlangt sehr oft der sogenannte Mathematiker, für einen tiefen Denker gehalten zu werden, ob es gleich darunter die grössten Plunderköpfe gibt; die man nur finden kann, untauglich zu irgend einem Geschäft, das Nachdenken erfordert, wenn es nicht unmittelbar durch jene leichte Verbindungen von Zeichen geschehen kann, die mehr das Werk der Routine als des Denkens sind."
Field
Mathematik

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  4. Hoffmann, P.: ¬Der Mann, der die Zahlen liebte : Die erstaunliche Geschichte des Paul Erdös und die Suche nach der Schönheit in der Mathematik (1999) 0.30
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