Document (#30272)

Author
Asonuma, A.
Fang, Y.
Rousseau, R.
Title
Reflections on the age distribution of Japanese scientists
Source
Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 57(2006) no.3, S.342-346
Year
2006
Abstract
The age distribution of a country's scientists is an important element in the study of its research capacity. In this article we investigate the age distribution of Japanese scientists in order to find out whether major events such as World War II had an appreciable effect on its features. Data have been obtained from population censuses taken in Japan from 1970 to 1995. A comparison with the situation in China and the United States has been made. We find that the group of scientific researchers outside academia is dominated by the young: those younger than age 35. The personnel group in higher education, on the other hand, is dominated by the baby boomers: those who were born after World War II. Contrary to the Chinese situation we could not find any influence of major nondemographic events. The only influence we found was the increase in enrollment of university students after World War II caused by the reform of the Japanese university system. Female participation in the scientific and university systems in Japan, though still low, is increasing.
Theme
Informetrie
Location
Japan

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