Document (#30684)

Author
Dean, R.J.
Title
FAST: development of simplified headings for metadata
Source
Cataloging and classification quarterly. 39(2004) nos.1/2, S.xx-xx
Year
2004
Abstract
The Library of Congress Subject Headings schema (LCSH) is the most commonly used and widely accepted subject vocabulary for general application. It is the de facto universal controlled vocabulary and has been a model for developing subject heading systems by many countries. However, LCSH's complex syntax and rules for constructing headings restrict its application by requiring highly skilled personnel and limit the effectiveness of automated authority control. Recent trends, driven to a large extent by the rapid growth of the Web, are forcing changes in bibliographic control systems to make them easier to use, understand, and apply, and subject headings are no exception. The purpose of adapting the LCSH with a simplified syntax to create FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology) headings is to retain the very rich vocabulary of LCSH while making the schema easier to understand, control, apply, and use. The schema maintains compatibility with LCSH--any valid Library of Congress subject heading can be converted to FAST headings.
Footnote
Beitrag in einem Themenheft "Authority control: definition and international experience. Part II: Authority control for subjects"
Theme
Normdateien
Verbale Doksprachen im Online-Retrieval
Object
FAST
LCSH
Location
USA

Similar documents (author)

  1. Dean, H.: Size of cataloging staffs in academic libraries (1946) 5.79
    5.7885127 = sum of:
      5.7885127 = weight(author_txt:dean in 6256) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7885127 = fieldWeight in 6256, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.2616205 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=6256)
    
  2. Dean, B.C.: Reclassification in an automated environment (1984) 5.79
    5.7885127 = sum of:
      5.7885127 = weight(author_txt:dean in 645) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        5.7885127 = fieldWeight in 645, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.2616205 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42596)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=645)
    
  3. Dean, J.; Henzinger, M.R.: Finding related pages in the World Wide Web (1999) 4.63
    4.6308103 = sum of:
      4.6308103 = weight(author_txt:dean in 285) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.6308103 = fieldWeight in 285, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.2616205 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42596)
          0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=285)
    
  4. McCune, B.P.; Tong, R.M.; Dean, J.S.: Rubric: a system for rule-based information retrieval (1985) 3.47
    3.4731078 = sum of:
      3.4731078 = weight(author_txt:dean in 2946) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.4731078 = fieldWeight in 2946, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.2616205 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42596)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=2946)
    
  5. Colati, J.B.; Dean, R.; Maull, K.: Describing digital objects : a tale of compromises (2009) 3.47
    3.4731078 = sum of:
      3.4731078 = weight(author_txt:dean in 4163) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        3.4731078 = fieldWeight in 4163, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          9.2616205 = idf(docFreq=10, maxDocs=42596)
          0.375 = fieldNorm(doc=4163)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. O'Neill, E.T.; Childress, E.; Dean, R.; Kammerer, K.; Vizine-Goetz, D.; Chan, L.M.; El-Hoshy, L.: FAST: faceted application of subject terminology (2003) 3.29
    3.2915497 = sum of:
      3.2915497 = sum of:
        0.06966387 = weight(abstract_txt:converted in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.06966387 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.12188803 = queryWeight, product of:
              7.31571 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.5715399 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.31571 = idf(docFreq=76, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.07041839 = weight(abstract_txt:adapting in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.07041839 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.122766554 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0035974 = boost
              7.3420277 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.5735959 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.3420277 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.07861371 = weight(abstract_txt:personnel in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.07861371 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.13211584 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0411108 = boost
              7.616464 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.59503627 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.616464 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.09184905 = weight(abstract_txt:exception in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.09184905 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.14655674 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.0965347 = boost
              8.02193 = idf(docFreq=37, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.6267133 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.02193 = idf(docFreq=37, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.096780695 = weight(abstract_txt:maintains in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.096780695 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.15175691 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.115819 = boost
              8.163008 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.637735 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.163008 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.102743074 = weight(abstract_txt:retain in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.102743074 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.15792748 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.138278 = boost
              8.3273115 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.6505712 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.3273115 = idf(docFreq=27, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.106995165 = weight(abstract_txt:skilled in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.106995165 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.16225526 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.153769 = boost
              8.4406395 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.65942496 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.4406395 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.10855509 = weight(abstract_txt:facto in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.10855509 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.1638285 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.1593491 = boost
              8.481462 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.66261417 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.481462 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.11570732 = weight(abstract_txt:restrict in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.11570732 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.17094769 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.184271 = boost
              8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.67685807 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.13740446 = weight(abstract_txt:forcing in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.13740446 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.19170049 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.2540969 = boost
              9.174609 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.71676636 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              9.174609 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.076192915 = weight(abstract_txt:understand in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.076192915 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.12938951 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.457082 = boost
              5.329795 = idf(docFreq=560, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.5888647 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              5.329795 = idf(docFreq=560, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.056512862 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.056512862 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.13357675 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.480471 = boost
              5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.4230741 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.10649249 = weight(abstract_txt:apply in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.10649249 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.16174667 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.6291165 = boost
              5.959072 = idf(docFreq=298, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.65839064 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              5.959072 = idf(docFreq=298, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.08605334 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.08605334 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.1767982 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.7032304 = boost
              6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.486732 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.14244236 = weight(abstract_txt:syntax in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.14244236 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.19635808 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.794977 = boost
              6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.7254214 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.1432474 = weight(abstract_txt:easier in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.1432474 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.19709723 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.7983521 = boost
              6.578111 = idf(docFreq=160, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.7267854 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              6.578111 = idf(docFreq=160, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.07265821 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.07265821 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.14349702 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.8793235 = boost
              4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.5063395 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.11140762 = weight(abstract_txt:control in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.11140762 = score(doc=4817,freq=3.0), product of:
            0.16668606 = queryWeight, product of:
              2.0254884 = boost
              4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.668368 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                3.0 = termFreq=3.0
              4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.15306453 = weight(abstract_txt:simplified in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.15306453 = score(doc=4817,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.25954682 = queryWeight, product of:
              2.06368 = boost
              7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.58973765 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.14226745 = weight(abstract_txt:vocabulary in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.14226745 = score(doc=4817,freq=3.0), product of:
            0.1961973 = queryWeight, product of:
              2.1974885 = boost
              5.35873 = idf(docFreq=544, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.7251244 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                3.0 = termFreq=3.0
              5.35873 = idf(docFreq=544, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.14940014 = weight(abstract_txt:fast in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.14940014 = score(doc=4817,freq=2.0), product of:
            0.23203516 = queryWeight, product of:
              2.389775 = boost
              5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.64386857 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                2.0 = termFreq=2.0
              5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.2506465 = weight(abstract_txt:schema in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.2506465 = score(doc=4817,freq=3.0), product of:
            0.28619614 = queryWeight, product of:
              2.6540678 = boost
              6.47213 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.8757857 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                3.0 = termFreq=3.0
              6.47213 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.1424792 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.1424792 = score(doc=4817,freq=5.0), product of:
            0.20869757 = queryWeight, product of:
              3.2051902 = boost
              3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.68270653 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                5.0 = termFreq=5.0
              3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.35403603 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.35403603 = score(doc=4817,freq=4.0), product of:
            0.36029175 = queryWeight, product of:
              3.4385602 = boost
              6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.9826371 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                4.0 = termFreq=4.0
              6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
        0.3259178 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 4817) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.3259178 = score(doc=4817,freq=5.0), product of:
            0.3623168 = queryWeight, product of:
              4.2231774 = boost
              5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
              0.016661134 = queryNorm
            0.8995383 = fieldWeight in 4817, product of:
              2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                5.0 = termFreq=5.0
              5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
              0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4817)
    
  2. O'Neill, E.T.; Chan, L.M.: FAST - a new approach to controlled subject access (2008) 1.39
    1.3925264 = sum of:
      1.3925264 = product of:
        2.1758225 = sum of:
          0.07041839 = weight(abstract_txt:adapting in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07041839 = score(doc=3361,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.122766554 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0035974 = boost
                7.3420277 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.5735959 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.3420277 = idf(docFreq=74, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.09184905 = weight(abstract_txt:exception in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09184905 = score(doc=3361,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14655674 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0965347 = boost
                8.02193 = idf(docFreq=37, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.6267133 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.02193 = idf(docFreq=37, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.13740446 = weight(abstract_txt:forcing in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13740446 = score(doc=3361,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19170049 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2540969 = boost
                9.174609 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.71676636 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                9.174609 = idf(docFreq=11, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.076192915 = weight(abstract_txt:understand in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.076192915 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.12938951 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.457082 = boost
                5.329795 = idf(docFreq=560, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.5888647 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.329795 = idf(docFreq=560, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.09788315 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09788315 = score(doc=3361,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13357675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.480471 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7327858 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.10649249 = weight(abstract_txt:apply in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10649249 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16174667 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6291165 = boost
                5.959072 = idf(docFreq=298, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.65839064 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.959072 = idf(docFreq=298, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.14244236 = weight(abstract_txt:syntax in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14244236 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19635808 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.794977 = boost
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7254214 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.1432474 = weight(abstract_txt:easier in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1432474 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.19709723 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7983521 = boost
                6.578111 = idf(docFreq=160, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7267854 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.578111 = idf(docFreq=160, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.07265821 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07265821 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14349702 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8793235 = boost
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.5063395 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.090963945 = weight(abstract_txt:control in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.090963945 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16668606 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0254884 = boost
                4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.54572016 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.15306453 = weight(abstract_txt:simplified in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15306453 = score(doc=3361,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25954682 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.06368 = boost
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.58973765 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.14226745 = weight(abstract_txt:vocabulary in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14226745 = score(doc=3361,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1961973 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1974885 = boost
                5.35873 = idf(docFreq=544, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7251244 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.35873 = idf(docFreq=544, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.14940014 = weight(abstract_txt:fast in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14940014 = score(doc=3361,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.23203516 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.389775 = boost
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.64386857 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.1424792 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1424792 = score(doc=3361,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.20869757 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2051902 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.68270653 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.3066042 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3066042 = score(doc=3361,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.36029175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4385602 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.8509887 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
          0.25245482 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 3361) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.25245482 = score(doc=3361,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3623168 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.2231774 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.69677925 = fieldWeight in 3361, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3361)
        0.64 = coord(16/25)
    
  3. Jin, Q.: Is FAST the right direction for a new system of subject cataloging and metadata? (2008) 0.70
    0.7026035 = sum of:
      0.7026035 = product of:
        1.7565088 = sum of:
          0.06781544 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06781544 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13357675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.480471 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.50768894 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.10326401 = weight(abstract_txt:heading in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.10326401 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1767982 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7032304 = boost
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.58407843 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.23017 = idf(docFreq=227, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.12086635 = weight(abstract_txt:syntax in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12086635 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19635808 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.794977 = boost
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.6155405 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.061652534 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.061652534 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14349702 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8793235 = boost
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.4296433 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.18367743 = weight(abstract_txt:simplified in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18367743 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25954682 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.06368 = boost
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7076852 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.3105224 = weight(abstract_txt:fast in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3105224 = score(doc=1971,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.23203516 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.389775 = boost
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              1.3382559 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.17365299 = weight(abstract_txt:schema in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17365299 = score(doc=1971,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.28619614 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6540678 = boost
                6.47213 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.6067622 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.47213 = idf(docFreq=178, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.18729378 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18729378 = score(doc=1971,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.20869757 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2051902 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.89744115 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.30040956 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30040956 = score(doc=1971,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.36029175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4385602 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.83379525 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
          0.24735421 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 1971) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24735421 = score(doc=1971,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3623168 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.2231774 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.68270147 = fieldWeight in 1971, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1971)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  4. Wiesenmüller, H.: LCSH goes RSWK? : Überlegungen zur Diskussion um die "Library of Congress subject headings" (2009) 0.42
    0.42196974 = sum of:
      0.42196974 = product of:
        1.0549244 = sum of:
          0.0550296 = weight(abstract_txt:personnel in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0550296 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13211584 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0411108 = boost
                7.616464 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.4165254 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.616464 = idf(docFreq=56, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.07489662 = weight(abstract_txt:skilled in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07489662 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16225526 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.153769 = boost
                8.4406395 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.46159747 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.4406395 = idf(docFreq=24, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.08099512 = weight(abstract_txt:restrict in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08099512 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17094769 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.184271 = boost
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.47380063 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.663783 = idf(docFreq=19, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.07911801 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07911801 = score(doc=4219,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13357675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.480471 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.59230375 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.07050537 = weight(abstract_txt:syntax in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07050537 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.19635808 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.794977 = boost
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.3590653 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.5657654 = idf(docFreq=162, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.03596398 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03596398 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14349702 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8793235 = boost
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.25062525 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.045024853 = weight(abstract_txt:control in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.045024853 = score(doc=4219,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16668606 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0254884 = boost
                4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.2701177 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9392953 = idf(docFreq=828, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.077254735 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.077254735 = score(doc=4219,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.20869757 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2051902 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.37017554 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.3918461 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3918461 = score(doc=4219,freq=10.0), product of:
              0.36029175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4385602 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              1.08758 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                3.1622777 = tf(freq=10.0), with freq of:
                  10.0 = termFreq=10.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
          0.14428996 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 4219) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14428996 = score(doc=4219,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.3623168 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.2231774 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.39824253 = fieldWeight in 4219, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=4219)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  5. Mitchell, V.; Hsieh-Yee, I.: Converting Ulrich's subject headings(TM) to FAST headings : a feasibility study (2007) 0.35
    0.3472076 = sum of:
      0.3472076 = product of:
        1.2400272 = sum of:
          0.06781544 = weight(abstract_txt:congress in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06781544 = score(doc=1954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13357675 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.480471 = boost
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.50768894 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4153485 = idf(docFreq=514, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.087189846 = weight(abstract_txt:application in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.087189846 = score(doc=1954,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.14349702 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8793235 = boost
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.60760736 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.582862 = idf(docFreq=1183, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.18367743 = weight(abstract_txt:simplified in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18367743 = score(doc=1954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.25954682 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.06368 = boost
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.7076852 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.5486417 = idf(docFreq=60, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.2535405 = weight(abstract_txt:fast in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.2535405 = score(doc=1954,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.23203516 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.389775 = boost
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              1.0926813 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                5.8276334 = idf(docFreq=340, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.1324367 = weight(abstract_txt:subject in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1324367 = score(doc=1954,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.20869757 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.2051902 = boost
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.63458663 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.9080403 = idf(docFreq=2324, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.21242163 = weight(abstract_txt:lcsh in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21242163 = score(doc=1954,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.36029175 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.4385602 = boost
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.58958226 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.2888775 = idf(docFreq=214, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
          0.3029458 = weight(abstract_txt:headings in 1954) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3029458 = score(doc=1954,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.3623168 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.2231774 = boost
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.016661134 = queryNorm
              0.83613515 = fieldWeight in 1954, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.149257 = idf(docFreq=671, maxDocs=42596)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=1954)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)