Document (#31017)

Author
Kreissig, B.
Title
¬Der neue Brockhaus : Einsatz von Sprachtechnologie und Wissensnetz
Source
Information - Wissenschaft und Praxis. 57(2006) H.6/7, S.337-342
Year
2006
Abstract
Menschliches Wissen und menschliche Sprache sind aufeinander bezogen und voneinander abhängig. Dies gilt auch und gerade bei den Bemühungen, Sprache und Wissen computergestützt so zu verarbeiten, dass für Menschen nutzbare maschinelle Wissensverarbeitung stattfindet. Jenseits von eher akademischen "Laborversuchen" hat wissenschaftliche Forschungsarbeit auf diesem Gebiet die Verfügbarkeit umfangreicher, gepflegter und sauber codierter Wissensbasen sowohl der verwendeten Sprache als auch des abgebildeten Gegenstands zur Voraussetzung. In einem Forschungsprojekt der Firma Brockhaus Duden Neue Medien GmbH gemeinsam mit namhaften wissenschaftlichen Partnern, u.a. dem Fraunhofer-IPSI, dem IICM der TU Graz, dem IAI der Universität Saarbrücken und dem KNOW-Center, Graz, wurde diese Herausforderung erfolgreich angegangen. Für eine neue digitale Brockhaus-Auflage wurden Informationsrepräsentations- und Retrievaltechniken entwickelt, die nicht auf domänenspezifischen Beschränkungen beruhend den gesamten enzyklopädischen Wissenskreis abdecken. Die entwickelten Formalismen erwiesen sich nicht nur zur Abfrage des enzyklopädischen Wissens in natürlicher Sprache als geeignet, sondern konnten auch darauf basierend neuartige Formen der Visualisierung von Wissenszusammenhängen implementiert werden. Die Ergebnisse zeigen zum einen Möglichkeiten erfolgreichen semantischen Retrievals ohne extensiven Einsatzformaler Metacodierungen, zum anderen weisen sie den Weg und die nächsten Schritte bei der Entwicklung noch leistungsfähigerer Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstellen.
Theme
Wissensrepräsentation
Informationsmittel
Object
Brockhaus Enzyklopädie digital

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