Document (#31716)

Author
Andretta, S.
Title
Information literacy : a practitioner's guide
Imprint
Oxford : Chandos
Year
2004
Pages
XXII, 208 S
Isbn
1-84334-066-6 (hb)
1-84334-065-8 (pb)
Series
Chandos Information Professional Series
Abstract
This book explores two main models of Information Literacy or IL: the SCONUL (Society of College, National and University Libraries) Seven Pillars of Information Skills and the IL competencies identified by the ALA (American Library Association). Practical examples for the development of IL skills identified by these models are illustrated using printed and web-based resources. The process of integrating IL provision within a programme of study is outlined to illustrate two strategies underpinning this integration at generic-skills level, the 'plug & play' approach, and at subject-specific level, the 'research skills approach'. A range of diagnostic and assessment methods, to monitor the iterative process of IL skills development, are also included.
Content
Key Features - Explores practical applications of two major IL models - Explores strategies to integrate IL provision in a multi-disciplinary environment - Offers a range of learning and evaluation strategies appropriate for, as well as resources associated with, IL provision - Provides a gateway to generic and subject specific IL resources by complementing the publication with web-based access to an online collection relevant to Information Research and a range of web-based tutorials (existing and customised) to develop IL skills for online environments Readership Information practitioners operating in teaching as well as library support roles who are interested, or required, to develop IL. Academics in management positions responsible for the implementation of learning and teaching strategies. Contents Introduction From user education to IL: national and international perspectives - technological advancements and access to information; changes in higher education institutions: the student-centred learning approach; information practitioner as facilitator ('Sage an the stage vs. Guide an the side') IL models - SCONUUs Seven Pillars of Information Skills principles of progressions and iteration; ALA/ALRC: information competency standards for higher education (principle of self-directed learning); comparative analysis of the two models Practical applications of IL - provision through the level of competence: the plug & play approach (assessing IL skills); provision through integration by subject: the research skills approach; IL and pedagogy (studentcentred learning; transferability of skills) Challenges - IL and the 'what do I do now?' Syndrome; design and resource implications of IL provision
Footnote
Rez. in: Mitteilungen VOEB 59(2006) H.4, S.74-76 (M. Katzmayr): "Information Literacy (IL) bzw. Informationskompetenz ist in aller Munde, wird sie doch als Schlüsselqualifikation angesehen, um an der so genannten Informationsgesellschaft teilzuhaben. Susie Andretta, Dozentin für Informationsmanagement an der London Metropolitan University, hat nun einen praxisorientierten Leitfaden zur IL vorgelegt, worin zwei Aspekte im Vordergrund stehen: einerseits die Vermittlung der IL in der universitären Lehre, womit andererseits auch ein erfolgreiches lebenslanges Lernen nach Verlassen der Universität ermöglicht werden soll. Das Buch beginnt mit einer theoretischen Einführung. Dort ist zu lesen, dass sich die Vermittlung von IL aus Kursen zur Bibliotheksbenutzung entwickelt habe - doch während letztere traditionell den effektiven Umgang mit Bibliotheksressourcen vermitteln und somit auf die Bibliothek beschränkt seien, beinhalte IL auch Herangehensweisen zur Lösung komplexer Problemstellungen. Drei prominente IL-Konzeptionen folgender Organisationen werden anschließend ausführlicher vorgestellt und verglichen: die der US-amerikanischen "Association of Colleges and Research Libraries" (ACRL), des "Australian and New Zealand Institute for information Literacy" (ANZIIL) und der britischen "Society of College, National and University Libraries" (SCONUL). In allen drei besteht IL zumindest aus dem Wahrnehmen eines Informationsbedarfes, Methoden zum Erhalt dieser Information und schließlich ihrer Bewertung, um die Fragen zu beantworten, die zum Informationsbedarf geführt haben. Alle drei gehen über die rein technologische Kompetenz (IT-Kompetenz) hinaus und umfassen u. a. Medien-, Bibliotheks-, und Recherchekompetenzen, um nur einige zu nennen. Allerdings gehen zwei dieser Konzeptionen noch wesentlich weiter - so fordert die ANZIIL von einer informationskompetenten Person u.a. folgende Fähigkeit: "the information-literate person applies prior and new information to construct new concepts or create new understandings" (S. 157), der Lernzielkatalog der SCONUL beinhaltet: "The ability to synthesise and build upon existing information, contributing to the creation of new knowledge" (S. 162).
Was hier auffällt, ist der äußerst weit reichende inhaltliche Anspruch dieser Sichtweise von IL. Inwieweit dadurch eine Abgrenzung zum Themenund Lehrgebiet des "wissenschaftlichen Arbeitens" bzw. zu den Charakteristika umfassender Bildung überhaupt noch sinnvoll möglich ist, wird von der Autorin leider nicht behandelt. Interessant ist der Stellenwert der Bibliotheken in der Lehre der IL: In allen drei Konzeptionen wird eine Kooperation zwischen Bibliothek und Wissenschaftsbetrieb empfohlen, ja erfolge die Vermittlung von IL idealiter im jeweiligen Fachstudium durch die problemlösungsorientierte Bearbeitung spezifischer Fragestellungen. So gesehen könne also nicht von einem Monopol der Bibliotheken ausgegangen werden, ihre Rolle sei vielmehr mit dem Motto "information literacy is an issue for the library but not of the library" (S. 53) angemessen umschrieben. In Großbritannien gehe dabei die Initiative meist von den Bibliotheken aus, in den USA und Australien eher vom Wissenschaftsbetrieb. In beiden Fällen funktioniere diese Partnerschaft aber nicht immer reibungslos. Die Beweggründe von Bibliotheken, sich hierzu engagieren, werden von der Autorin jedoch keiner tiefer gehenden Analyse unterzogen. Dies wurde vielleicht nicht völlig unbeabsichtigt unterlassen, da daran nämlich eine - im vorliegenden Werk ausgeblendete - grundsätzliche und weit verbreitete Kritik an der IL anknüpfen könnte. Ein Blick in die relevante Literatur zeigt nämlich, dass Bibliothekarinnen nicht nur hehre Motive zugeschrieben werden, wenn sie sich am IL-Hype beteiligen bzw. ihn vorantreiben. Neben Erfahrungen mit der dürftigen Informationskompetenz vieler Studierender werden ihnen auch ganz andere, pragmatischere Beweggründe zugedacht'. Ein Beispiel: Die zunehmende institutionelle Marginalisierung von Bibliotheken und ihren Mitarbeiterinnen im Universitätsbetrieb mag eine kreative Vorwärtsverteidigung unter dem Deckmantel der IL als zweckmäßig erscheinen lassen' - überspitzt formuliert: IL als Konstrukt oder zumindest willkommene Gelegenheit, um den Bibliotheken auch weiterhin eine zentrale Rolle an den Universitäten zu sichern. Zum Glück gelingt es Andretta, anhand der relevanten Literatur und eigener Erfahrungen als Dozentin plausibel zu argumentieren, dass der Mangel vieler Studierender an Informationskompetenz tatsächlich eklatant und somit ein Handlungsbedarf gegeben ist. Welche Motive die Bibliotheken hier sonst noch haben mögen, kann so gesehen ruhig im Dunkeln bleiben.
Die praktischen Erfahrungen der Autorin in der Lehre von IL werden mittels zweier Fallstudien beschrieben. Die erste behandelt IL im sozialwissenschaftlichen Grundstudium, wobei die Schwerpunkte auf IT-Kompetenz und Webrecherche lagen. Die zweite hat die Vermittlung von IL im postgradualen informationswissenschaftlichen Studium zum Thema - nicht zuletzt, um den sich verändernden Berufsbildern im Bibliothekswesen und verwandten Bereichen gerecht zu werden. Die Aufgabe der Studierenden war es, einen Forschungsantrag zu schreiben und zu präsentieren, wozu ein breites Spektrum an Informationskompetenzen erforderlich war. Beide Fallstudien beschreiben detailliert die Lehrpläne, Ergebnisse und daraus gewonnene Erfahrungen. Sie dokumentieren eine insgesamt erfolgreiche Vermittlung der IL im universitären Kontext und liefern äußerst wertvolle Anregungen und Hilfestellungen. Im sehr umfangreichen Anhang sind die besprochenen TL-Konzeptionen vollständig abgedruckt. Daneben sind u. a. auch Fragebögen zum Abschätzen der Informationskompetenz dargestellt; diese können nach einiger Anpassung für eigene Zwecke verwendet werden. Ein umfassendes Literaturverzeichnis und ein thematisches Register beschließen den Band. Fazit: Dieses Buch wird seinem Titel durchaus gerecht und kann als kompakter, übersichtlicher und hilfreicher Leitfaden für all jene dienen, die Lehrveranstaltungen zur IL konzeptionell gestalten und durchführen. Allerdings: gemessen am äußerst stolzen Preis dürfte es auch um keinen Deut schlechter sein."
Theme
Information
LCSH
Information literacy / Examinations / Study guides
Information science / Examinations / Study guides
RSWK
Informationskompetenz
BK
02.13 Wissenschaftspraxis
DDC
025.04

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  5. Buchanan, L.E.; Luck, D.L.; Jones, T.C.: Integrating information literacy into the virtual university : a course model (2002) 0.14
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