Document (#32325)

Author
Ikas, W.-V.
Litten, F.
Title
World Wide Web und Catalogue Enrichment : Möglichkeiten des verbesserten Nachweises von mikroverfilmten Handschriften und Inkunabeln
Source
Bibliotheksdienst. 41(2007) H.5, S.547-553
Year
2007
Abstract
Quantitativer Umfang des Bestandes Dass die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (BSB) eine bedeutende Sammlung an Handschriften besitzt und die an Exemplaren reichste Inkunabelsammlung aufzuweisen hat, ist allgemein bekannt. Demgegenüber weit weniger bekannt dürfte die Tatsache sein, dass dort auch umfangreiche Bestände anderer Bibliotheken auf Mikrofilm bzw. Mikrofiche vorhanden sind, die in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten von Firmen wie World Microfilm Publications kommerziell vertrieben und von der BSB erworben wurden. Dabei handelt es sich - grob geschätzt - um 6.000 Handschriften (ohne Musikhandschriften) und über 5.000 Inkunabeln auf insgesamt ca. 1.850 Filmrollen und knapp 25.000 Mikrofiches. Listenartige Erfassungsmöglichkeiten Die frühesten Erwerbungen wurden in der Handschriftenabteilung im Freihandmagazin aufgestellt; ein Nachweis im Katalog war seinerzeit nicht erfolgt. Der größere - katalogisierte - Teil befand sich hingegen, räumlich getrennt, im allgemeinen Magazin; dieser wurde nach und nach in die Handbibliothek der Handschriftenabteilung (Hbh) verbracht und - zusammen mit den bereits in der Abteilung befindlichen Filmen - mit entsprechenden Signaturen versehen. Am Ende stand der katalogmäßige Nachweis der gesamten Mikroformen. Aufgrund der ursprünglich disparaten Aufstellung und unterschiedlichen Erschließung war es teilweise recht schwierig gewesen, die entsprechenden Verfilmungen (zumal Sammlungen) ausfindig zu machen. Auf der Basis einer bereits vorhandenen Liste wurde daher ein "Verzeichnis der Mikrofilmsammlungen in der Handschriftenabteilung der BSB" analog den Verzeichnissen der Mikroformen zur Geschichte bzw. zur Musikwissenschaft ins Netz gestellt. Unter der Adresse http://www.bsb-muenchen.de/mikro/hand.htm kann man sich einen nach Provenienzen geordneten Überblick über diese wichtigen, bis dato aber zu wenig genutzten Bestände verschaffen.
Besonders interessant dürften dabei sicherlich die Verfilmungen von mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen theologischen, juristischen, literarischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Handschriften aus britischen Bibliotheken sein. Illuminierte Handschriften liegen häufig auf Farbmikrofilm vor. Sie stammen nicht nur aus der British Library, sondern auch aus zahlreichen Bibliotheken von Colleges der Universitäten Oxford und Cambridge. Außerdem gibt es eine Komplettverfilmung der orientalischen Handschriften der School of Oriental and African Studies in London. Neben den als Mikroform verfügbaren Handschriften beinhaltet die Liste auch die Fiche-Sammlung "lncunabula", in der nach thematischen Gesichtspunkten (Bibeln, italienische Drucke, Medizin, usw.) zusammengefasst Drucke bis 1500 aus Bibliotheken der ganzen Welt präsentiert werden, darunter auch aus der BSB. Des weiteren führt das Verzeichnis mikroverfilmte Findmittel auf, wobei der "Cranz" (ein Führer zu veröffentlichten und die Verfilmung unveröffentlichter Handschriftenverzeichnisse auf insgesamt 386 Filmrollen) und die Verfilmung von Inventaren der Handschriftenbestände der Bibliothèque nationale de France (ca. 2.500 Mikrofiches) besonders erwähnenswert sind.
Theme
Kataloganreicherung
OPAC
Form
Handschriften
Inkunabeln
Object
ADAM
Location
D
München

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