Document (#32419)

Editor
Hejl, P.M.
Title
Universalien und Konstruktivismus
Imprint
Frankfurt : Suhrkamp
Year
2001
Pages
301 S
Isbn
3-518-29104-1
Series
Suhrkamp Taschenbuch Wissenschaft; 1504)(Delfin ; 2000
Abstract
In den Sozial- und Geisteswissenschaften herrscht die Überzeugung vor, soziale und kulturelle Phänomene seien autonom und änderten sich eigengesetzlich. Ein verkürztes Verständnis der Konstruktivität menschlichen Wahrnehmens und Denkens verstärkt diese Gewissheit. Damit vernachlässigt man die Frage nach den Wirklichkeitskonstrukteuren und danach, ob sie nicht evoluierte anthropologische und sozial bedingte Gemeinsamkeiten (Bedürfnisse, Handlungstendenzen, Präferenzen, ästhetische Vorlieben u.Ä.) aufweisen, die ihre individuellen und sozialen Konstruktionen beeinflussen und zur Konstruktion von Universalien führen. Der Band diskutiert diese These mit Beiträgen aus der Soziologie, Psychologie, Philosophie, Anthropologie, Linguistik, Medizin-, Kunst- und Literaturgeschichte.
Content
Inhalt: Peter M. Heil: Konstruktivismus und Universalien - eine Verbindung contre nature? - Ernst von Glasersfeld: Universalien als Konstruktion - Kwasi Wiredu: Gibt es kulturelle Universalien? - Karl Acham: Soziale Universalien und sozialwissenschaftliche Anthropologie - Jerome H. Barkow: Universalien und evolutionäre Psychologie - Jürgen Broschart: Das Universalienproblem in der Sprachwissenschaft - Benny Shanon: Interpersonelle Übereinstimmungen in den Erfahrungen von Ayahuasca-Trinkern - Volker Roelcke: Wahnwelten: Die Debatte über die »Natur« der Krankheitseinheit Schizophrenie, 1912 bis 1932 - Ellen Dissanayake: Kunst als menschliche Universalie: Eine adaptionistische Betrachtung - Joseph Carroll: Universalien in der Literaturwissenschaft - Gerhard Vowinckel: Biotische, psychische und soziokulturelle Konstruktionen der Wirklichkeit und wie sie zusammenhängen
RSWK
Radikaler Konstruktivismus / Universalien / Aufsatzsammlung
Konstruktivismus <Philosophie> / Universalien / Wahrnehmung / Radikaler Konstruktivismus / Aufsatzsammlung (GBV, SBBPK)
BK
08.25 Zeitgenössische westliche Philosophie
08.32 Erkenntnistheorie
RVK
CB 4150
CC 4400

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