Document (#32419)

Author
Guba, B.
Title
Bibliotheksangebote in Universitätsportalen : Chancen und Risiken
Source
Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare. 60(2007) H.2, S.30-38
Year
2007
Abstract
Die rasante Entwicklung der luK-Technologien in den letzten Jahren hat das Angebot von wissenschaftlichen Bibliotheken stark beeinflusst. Es umfasst heutzutage bekanntermaßen nicht mehr nur den OPAC. Elektronische Datenbanken und Zeitschriften gehören zum Standard, und auch Dokumentenserver, digitalisierte Texte oder Bildmaterialien sowie elektronische Auskunftsservices sind immer öfter anzutreffen. Bislang wurden diese Dienstleistungen über Websites der Institutionen präsentiert und bekannt gemacht. Seit Ende der 1990er Jahre fand hingegen vor allem in Bibliotheken in den USA das Portalkonzept Anklang, von dem man sich einen vereinfachten Zugang zu den vielfältigen Angeboten und somit eine bessere Nutzung derselben versprach. Es entstanden MyLibrary-Portale wie z. B. an der Virginia Commonwealth University, auf das später eingegangen wird. Was aber sind Portale? Worin unterscheiden sie sich von herkömmlichen Websites? Die Definition des Fraunhofer Instituts für Arbeitswirtschaft und Organisation (Kirchhof et al. 2004) lautet: "Ein Portal ist definiert als eine Applikation, welche basierend auf Webtechnologien einen zentralen Zugriff auf personalisierte Inhalte sowie bedarfsgerecht auf Prozesse darstellt. Charakterisierend für Portale ist die Verknüpfung und der Datenaustausch zwischen heterogenen Anwendungen über eine Portalplattform. Eine manuelle Anmeldung an den in das Portal integrierten Anwendungen ist durch Single-Sign-On nicht mehr notwendig, es gibt einen zentralen Zugriff über eine homogene Benutzungsoberfläche. Portale bieten die Möglichkeit, Prozesse und Zusammenarbeit innerhalb heterogener Gruppen zu unterstützen." Wesentlich neu gegenüber bislang bestehenden Ansätzen für Internet- und Intranettechnologien sind also der Integrationsaspekt und die Prozessorientierung, wobei die besondere Attraktivität von Portalen in der einmaligen Anmeldung bei sämtlichen in das Portal integrierten Anwendungen liegt. Ein weiterer Vorteil ist die Möglichkeit, das gesamte Informationsangebot zu personalisieren, d. h., auf die Bedürfnisse bestimmter Gruppen und Individuen zuzuschneiden. Hinzuzufügen ist zu oben stehender Definition, dass die Personalisierung auch das Layout betreffen kann.
Theme
Informationsmittel
Internet

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