Document (#32440)

Author
Warner, J.
Title
Humanizing information technology
Imprint
Lanham, MD : Scarecrow Press
Year
2004
Pages
143 S
Isbn
0-8108-4956-9
Content
An information view of history -- Organs of the human brain, created by the human hand : toward an understanding of information technology -- Information society or cash nexus? : a study of the United States as a copyright haven -- As sharp as a pen : direct semantic ratification in oral, written, and electronic communication -- In the catalogue ye go for men : evaluation criteria for information retrieval systems -- Meta- and object-language for information retrieval research : proposal for a distinction -- Forms of labor in information systems -- W(h)ither information science?
Footnote
Rez. in: JASIST. 56(2003) no.12, S.1360 (C.Tomer): "Humanizing Information Technology is a collection of essays that represent what are presumably Julian Warner's best efforts to understand the perpetually nascent discipline of information science and its relationship to information technology. It is clearly a formidable task. Warner succeeds occasionally in this endeavor; more often, he fails. Yet, it would be wrong to mark Humanizing Information Technology as a book not worth reading. On the contrary, though much fault was found and this review is far from positive, it was nevertheless a book well-worth reading. That Humanizing Information Technology succeeds at all is in some ways remarkable, because Warner's prose tends to be dense and graceless, and understanding his commentaries often relies an close readings of a wide array of sources, some of them familiar, many of them less so. The inaccessibility of Warner's prose is unfortunate; there is not a single idea in Humanizing Information Technology so complicated that it could not have been stated in a clear, straightforward manner. The failure to establish a clear, sufficiently füll context for the more obscure sources is an even more serious problem. Perhaps the most conspicuous example of this problem stems from the frequent examination of the concept of the "information society" and the related notion of information as an autonomous variable, each of them ideas drawn largely from Frank Webster's 1995 book, Theories of the Information Society. Several of Warner's essays contain passages in Humanizing Information Technology whose meaning and value are largely dependent an a familiarity with Webster's work. Yet, Warner never refers to Theories of the Information Society in more than cursory terms and never provides a context füll enough to understand the particular points of reference. Suffice it to say, Humanizing Information Technology is not a book for readers who lack patience or a thorough grounding in modern intellectual history. Warner's philosophical analyses, which frequently exhibit the meter, substance, and purpose of a carefully crafted comprehensive examination, are a large part of what is wrong with Humanizing Information Technology. Warner's successes come when he turns his attention away from Marxist scholasticism and toward historical events and trends. "Information Society or Cash Nexus?" the essay in which Warner compares the role of the United States as a "copyright haven" for most of the 19th century to modern China's similar status, is successful because it relies less an abstruse analysis and more an a sharply drawn comparison of the growth of two economies and parallel developments in the treatment of intellectual property. The essay establishes an illuminating context and cites historical precedents in the American experience suggesting that China's official positions toward intellectual property and related international conventions are likely to evolve and grow more mature as its economy expands and becomes more sophisticated. Similarly, the essay entitled "In the Catalogue Ye Go for Men" is effective because Warner comes dangerously close to pragmatism when he focuses an the possibility that aligning cataloging practice with the "paths and tracks" of discourse and its analysis may be the means by which to build more information systems that furnish a more direct basis for intellectual exploration.
Like Daniel Bell, the author of The Coming of Post-Industrial Society (1973), who used aspects of Marx's thinking as the basis for his social forecasting models, Warner uses Marxist thought as a tool for social and historical analysis. Unlike Bell, Warner's approach to Marx tends to be doctrinaire. As a result, "An Information View of History" and "Origins of the Human Brain," two of the essays in which Warner sets out to establish the connections between information science and information technology, are less successful. Warner argues, "the classic source for an understanding of technology as a human construction is Marx," and that "a Marxian perspective an information technology could be of high marginal Utility," noting additionally that with the exception of Norbert Wiener and John Desmond Bernal, "there has only been a limited penetration of Marxism into information science" (p. 9). But Warner's efforts to persuade the reader that these views are cogent never go beyond academic protocol. Nor does his support for the assertion that the second half of the 19th century was the critical period for innovation and diffusion of modern information technologies. The closing essay, "Whither Information Science?" is particularly disappointing, in part, because the preface and opening chapters of the book promised more than was delivered at the end. Warner asserts that the theoretical framework supporting information science is negligible, and that the discipline is limited even further by the fact that many of its members do not recognize or understand the effects of such a limitation. However cogent the charges may be, none of this is news. But the essay fails most notably because Warner does not have any new directions to offer, save that information scientists should pay closer artention to what is going an in allied disciplines. Moreover, he does not seem to understand that at its heart the "information revolution" is not about the machines, but about the growing legions of men and women who can and do write programming code to exert control over and find new uses for these devices. Nor does he seem to understand that information science, in the grip of what he terms a "quasi-global crisis," suffers grievously because it is a community situated not at the center but rather an the periphery of this revolution."
LCSH
Information science
Information technology / Social aspects
Information society
Information storage and retrieval systems
RSWK
Informationsgesellschaft / Informationstechnik / Information-Retrieval-System / Informationsspeicher
DDC
303.48/33 / dc22
LCC
Z665.W27 2004
RVK
MS 7850

Similar documents (author)

  1. Warner, J.: Retrieval performance tests in relation to online bibliographic searching (1992) 4.96
    4.961945 = sum of:
      4.961945 = weight(author_txt:warner in 4522) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.961945 = fieldWeight in 4522, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.939112 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4522)
    
  2. Warner, A.J.: ¬A linguistic approach to the automated hierarchical organization of phrases (1990) 4.96
    4.961945 = sum of:
      4.961945 = weight(author_txt:warner in 4902) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.961945 = fieldWeight in 4902, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.939112 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=4902)
    
  3. Warner, J.: Semiotics, information science, documents, and computers (1990) 4.96
    4.961945 = sum of:
      4.961945 = weight(author_txt:warner in 5332) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.961945 = fieldWeight in 5332, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.939112 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=5332)
    
  4. Warner, J.: Semiotics, information science, documents, and computers (1994) 4.96
    4.961945 = sum of:
      4.961945 = weight(author_txt:warner in 7652) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.961945 = fieldWeight in 7652, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.939112 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=7652)
    
  5. Warner, A.J.: Quantitative and qualitative assessments of the impact of linguistic theory on information science (1991) 4.96
    4.961945 = sum of:
      4.961945 = weight(author_txt:warner in 29) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
        4.961945 = fieldWeight in 29, product of:
          1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
            1.0 = termFreq=1.0
          7.939112 = idf(docFreq=40, maxDocs=42306)
          0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=29)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Buckland, M.K.; Liu, Z.: History of information science (1995) 0.64
    0.635704 = sum of:
      0.635704 = product of:
        0.95355594 = sum of:
          0.11300222 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11300222 = score(doc=4295,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.13730204 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1667585 = boost
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.8230192 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.06694705 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06694705 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.16561384 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.281418 = boost
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.4042358 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.091956414 = weight(abstract_txt:aspects in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.091956414 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20464307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4244297 = boost
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.44935024 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.13595514 = weight(abstract_txt:society in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13595514 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26558656 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227273 = boost
                5.460322 = idf(docFreq=488, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.5119052 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.460322 = idf(docFreq=488, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.16620986 = weight(abstract_txt:storage in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16620986 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30365485 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7351323 = boost
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.5473644 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.06933948 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06933948 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.21360236 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0580719 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.3246194 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.13275652 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13275652 = score(doc=4295,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.32934892 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5555573 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.40308774 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
          0.17738928 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 4295) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.17738928 = score(doc=4295,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.31712264 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.343419 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.55937123 = fieldWeight in 4295, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=4295)
        0.6666667 = coord(8/12)
    
  2. Hjoerland, B.: ¬The phrase "information storage and retrieval" (IS&R) : an historical note (2015) 0.31
    0.31070548 = sum of:
      0.31070548 = product of:
        0.7456932 = sum of:
          0.058958814 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.058958814 = score(doc=3854,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13730204 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1667585 = boost
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.4294096 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
          0.19391151 = weight(abstract_txt:storage in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.19391151 = score(doc=3854,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30365485 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7351323 = boost
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.6385918 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
          0.11440429 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.11440429 = score(doc=3854,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21360236 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0580719 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.5355947 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
          0.1548826 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1548826 = score(doc=3854,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.32934892 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5555573 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.47026902 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
          0.22353601 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3854) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22353601 = score(doc=3854,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.31712264 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.343419 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.7048882 = fieldWeight in 3854, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=3854)
        0.41666666 = coord(5/12)
    
  3. Special issue on Web research (2002) 0.30
    0.29796815 = sum of:
      0.29796815 = product of:
        0.44695222 = sum of:
          0.02999734 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02999734 = score(doc=1196,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10085908 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.29741833 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.03142121 = weight(abstract_txt:systems in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03142121 = score(doc=1196,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10402598 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0155783 = boost
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.30205157 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.03369075 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03369075 = score(doc=1196,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13730204 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1667585 = boost
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.24537691 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.06311828 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06311828 = score(doc=1196,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16561384 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.281418 = boost
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.38111717 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.06130428 = weight(abstract_txt:aspects in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06130428 = score(doc=1196,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20464307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4244297 = boost
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.29956684 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.09063675 = weight(abstract_txt:society in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09063675 = score(doc=1196,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26558656 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6227273 = boost
                5.460322 = idf(docFreq=488, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.34127012 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.460322 = idf(docFreq=488, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.088504344 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.088504344 = score(doc=1196,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.32934892 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5555573 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.26872516 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
          0.048279244 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 1196) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.048279244 = score(doc=1196,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.31712264 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.343419 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.15224156 = fieldWeight in 1196, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=1196)
        0.6666667 = coord(8/12)
    
  4. Hjoerland, B.: Fundamentals of knowledge organization (2003) 0.30
    0.29784906 = sum of:
      0.29784906 = product of:
        0.44677356 = sum of:
          0.027554315 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027554315 = score(doc=3291,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.10085908 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.27319616 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.016663615 = weight(abstract_txt:systems in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016663615 = score(doc=3291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10402598 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0155783 = boost
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.16018704 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.025268063 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025268063 = score(doc=3291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13730204 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1667585 = boost
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.18403268 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.088562615 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.088562615 = score(doc=3291,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.16561384 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.281418 = boost
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.5347537 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.08310493 = weight(abstract_txt:storage in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08310493 = score(doc=3291,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.30365485 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7351323 = boost
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.2736822 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.838554 = idf(docFreq=334, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.049030412 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.049030412 = score(doc=3291,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.21360236 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0580719 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.22954059 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.09387303 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09387303 = score(doc=3291,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.32934892 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5555573 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.28502607 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
          0.06271658 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3291) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06271658 = score(doc=3291,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.31712264 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.343419 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.19776759 = fieldWeight in 3291, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.046875 = fieldNorm(doc=3291)
        0.6666667 = coord(8/12)
    
  5. Ingwersen, P.; Järvelin, K.: ¬The turn : integration of information seeking and retrieval in context (2005) 0.30
    0.29515073 = sum of:
      0.29515073 = product of:
        0.5059727 = sum of:
          0.02749356 = weight(abstract_txt:systems in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02749356 = score(doc=3324,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10402598 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0155783 = boost
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.26429513 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4173236 = idf(docFreq=3771, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.029479407 = weight(abstract_txt:science in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029479407 = score(doc=3324,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13730204 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1667585 = boost
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.2147048 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.9260306 = idf(docFreq=2267, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.055228494 = weight(abstract_txt:social in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.055228494 = score(doc=3324,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.16561384 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.281418 = boost
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.33347753 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.3118486 = idf(docFreq=1541, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.053641245 = weight(abstract_txt:aspects in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.053641245 = score(doc=3324,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.20464307 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4244297 = boost
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.262121 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7930694 = idf(docFreq=952, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.09907703 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09907703 = score(doc=3324,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.21360236 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.0580719 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.46383864 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.0774413 = weight(abstract_txt:technology in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0774413 = score(doc=3324,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.32934892 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.5555573 = boost
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.23513451 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2996025 = idf(docFreq=1560, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
          0.16361162 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3324) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16361162 = score(doc=3324,freq=15.0), product of:
              0.31712264 = queryWeight, product of:
                4.343419 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.029973835 = queryNorm
              0.5159254 = fieldWeight in 3324, product of:
                3.8729835 = tf(freq=15.0), with freq of:
                  15.0 = termFreq=15.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3324)
        0.5833333 = coord(7/12)