Document (#32677)

Author
Degkwitz, A.
Title
Open Access und die Novellierung des deutschen Urheberrechts
Source
Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie. 54(2007) H.4/5, S.243-245
Year
2007
Abstract
Wissenstransfer erweist sich für Hochschulen und Universitäten als Schlüsselfaktor und steht in unmittelbarem Zusammenhang mit der wissenschaftlichen Informationsversorgung. Die traditionelle (papiergebundene) Publikationspraxis kann die digitale Wissensversorgung erheblich beeinträchtigen, weil sie auf einer Wertschöpfungskette beruht, der Produktionsverfahren für gedruckte Publikationen zugrunde liegen. Dies hat eine Rollenverteilung in der Wertschöpfungskette zur Folge, durch die Autoren ihre Verbreitungs- und Verwertungsrechte (als Bestandteile ihres Urheberrechts) an Verlage abtreten, die den Herstellungs- und Verbreitungsprozess für Monographien und Zeitschriften übernehmen und damit das wirtschaftliche Risiko für den Verkauf dieser Produkte tragen. Mit dieser Rollenverteilung verbinden sich vor allem dann gute Voraussetzungen für Gewinn- und Umsatzmaximierung durch Preissteigerungen, wenn das Produktport-folio einen marktbeherrschenden Monopolcharakter hat. Insbesondere bei Zeitschriften der naturwissenschaftlichen, technologieorientierten und medizinischen Fachgebiete hat sich diese Entwicklung seit langem eingestellt. Die Folge ist ein - aufgrund hoher Abonnementkosten - eingeschränkter Zugang sowie ein fast ausschließlich kommerziell getriebenes Distributions- und Marktverhalten.
Theme
Elektronisches Publizieren
Rechtsfragen
Location
D

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