Document (#33181)

Author
Paskin, N.
Title
Identifier interoperability : a report on two recent ISO activities
Source
D-Lib magazine. 12(2006) no.4, x S
Year
2006
Abstract
Two significant activities within ISO, the International Organisation for Standardization, are underway, each of which has potential implications for the management of content by digital libraries and their users. Moreover these two activities are complementary and have the potential to provide tools for significantly improved identifier interoperability. This article presents a report on these: the first activity investigates the practical implications of interoperability across the family of ISO TC46/SC9 identifiers (better known as the ISBN and related identifiers); the second activity is the implementation of an ontology-based data dictionary that could provide a mechanism for this, the ISO/IEC 21000-6 standard. ISO/TC 46 is the ISO Technical Committee responsible for standards of "Information and documentation". Subcommittee 9 (SC9) of that body is responsible for "Presentation, identification and description of documents": the standards that it manages are identifiers familiar to the content and digital library communities, including the International Standard Book Number (ISBN); International Standard Serial Number (ISSN); International Standard Recording Code (ISRC); International Standard Music Number (ISMN); International Standard Audio-visual Number (ISAN) and the related Version identifier for Audio-visual Works (V-ISAN); and the International Standard Musical Work Code (ISWC). Most recently ISO has introduced the International Standard Text Code (ISTC), and is about to consider standardisation of the DOI system. The ISO identifier schemes provide numbering schemes as labels of entities of "content": many of the identifiers have as referents abstract content entities ("works" rather than a specific physical or digital form: e.g., ISAN, ISWC, ISTC). The existing schemes are numbering management schemes, not tied to any specific implementation (hence for internet "actionability", these identifiers may be incorporated into URN, URI, or DOI formats, etc.). Recently SC9 has requested that new and revised identifier schemes specify mandatory structured metadata to specify the item identified; that metadata is now becoming key to interoperability.
There has been continuing discussion over a number of years within ISO TC46 SC9 of the need for interoperability between the various standard identifiers for which this committee is responsible. However, the nature of what that interoperability might mean - and how it might be achieved - has not been well explored. Considerable amounts of work have been done on standardising the identification schemes within each media sector, by creating standard identifiers that can be used within that sector. Equally, much work has been done on creating standard or reference metadata sets that can be used to associate key metadata descriptors with content. Much less work has been done on the impact of cross-sector working. Relatively little is understood about the effect of using one industry's identifiers in another industry, or on attempting to import metadata from one identification scheme into a system based on another. In the long term it is clear that interoperability of all these media identifiers and metadata schemes will be required. What is not clear is what initial steps are likely to deliver this soonest. Under the auspices of ISO TC46, an ad hoc group of representatives of TC46 SC9 Registration Authorities and invited experts met in London in late 2005, in a facilitated workshop funded by the registration agencies (RAs) responsible for ISAN, ISWC, ISRC, ISAN and DOI, to develop definitions and use cases, with the intention of providing a framework within which a more structured exploration of the issues might be undertaken. A report of the workshop prepared by Mark Bide of Rightscom Ltd. was used as the input for a wider discussion at the ISO TC46 meeting held in Thailand in February 2006, at which ISO TC46/SC9 agreed that Registration Authorities for ISRC, ISWC, ISAN, ISBN, ISSN and ISMN and the proposed RAs for ISTC and DOI should continue working on common issues relating to interoperability of identifier systems developed within TC46/SC9; some of the use cases have been selected for further in-depth investigation, in parallel with discussions on potential solutions.
Section 2 below is based extensively on the report of the output from that workshop, with minor editorial changes to reflect points raised in the subsequent discussion. The second activity, not yet widely appreciated as being related, is the development of a content-focussed data dictionary within MPEG. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC29, The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG), is formally a joint working group of ISO and the International Electrotechnical Commission. Originally best known for compression standards for audio, MPEG now includes the MPEG-21 "Multimedia Framework", which includes several components of digital rights management technology standardisation. Some of the components are already being used in digital library activities. One component is a Rights Data Dictionary that was established as a component to support activities such as the MPEG Rights Expression Language. In April 2005, the ISO/IEC Technical Management Board appointed a Registration Authority for the MPEG 21 Rights Data Dictionary (ISO/IEC Information technology - Multimedia framework (MPEG-21) - Part 6: Rights Data Dictionary, ISO/IEC 21000-6), and an implementation of the dictionary is about to be launched. However, the Dictionary design is based on a generic interoperability framework, and it will offer extensive additional possibilities. The design of the dictionary goes back to one of the major studies of the conceptual model of interoperability, <indecs>. Section 3 below provides a brief summary of the origins and possible applications of the ISO/IEC 21000-6 Dictionary.
Footnote
Vgl.: http://dlib.ukoln.ac.uk/dlib/april06/paskin/04paskin.html.

Similar documents (content)

  1. Lupovici, C.: ¬Le digital object identifier : le système du DOI (1998) 0.30
    0.2973783 = sum of:
      0.2973783 = product of:
        0.9293072 = sum of:
          0.027152738 = weight(abstract_txt:been in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027152738 = score(doc=3748,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.056196727 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0929004 = boost
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.48317295 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.028144503 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028144503 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06824129 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0994059 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.4124263 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.105304286 = weight(abstract_txt:isbn in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.105304286 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13871793 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2141613 = boost
                8.097336 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.75912523 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.097336 = idf(docFreq=34, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.099916734 = weight(abstract_txt:rights in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.099916734 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.15880969 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.677154 = boost
                6.711042 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.62916017 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.711042 = idf(docFreq=139, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.06200345 = weight(abstract_txt:international in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06200345 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14054635 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1168032 = boost
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.44116014 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.18257712 = weight(abstract_txt:identifier in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18257712 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2522374 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3154202 = boost
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.72383046 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.07653351 = weight(abstract_txt:standard in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07653351 = score(doc=3748,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.17291267 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.595728 = boost
                4.7212124 = idf(docFreq=1023, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.44261366 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.7212124 = idf(docFreq=1023, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
          0.3476749 = weight(abstract_txt:identifiers in 3748) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3476749 = score(doc=3748,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35208532 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3503845 = boost
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.9874735 = fieldWeight in 3748, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.09375 = fieldNorm(doc=3748)
        0.32 = coord(8/25)
    
  2. Paskin, N.: DOI: current status and outlook (1999) 0.23
    0.23111343 = sum of:
      0.23111343 = product of:
        0.5777836 = sum of:
          0.013539176 = weight(abstract_txt:number in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013539176 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.060011588 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0309842 = boost
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.22560936 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.0111999335 = weight(abstract_txt:been in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0111999335 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.056196727 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0929004 = boost
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.19929868 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.016417626 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016417626 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06824129 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0994059 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.240582 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.017240403 = weight(abstract_txt:content in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017240403 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.074920215 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2618989 = boost
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.23011684 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.054815304 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054815304 = score(doc=3246,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.102050535 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4727625 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.5371388 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.006973093 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.006973093 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05302106 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.562591 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.13151553 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.07233735 = weight(abstract_txt:international in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07233735 = score(doc=3246,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.14054635 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1168032 = boost
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.5146868 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.15061843 = weight(abstract_txt:identifier in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.15061843 = score(doc=3246,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2522374 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3154202 = boost
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.59712964 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.09123366 = weight(abstract_txt:interoperability in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09123366 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2697452 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.0911942 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.33822164 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
          0.1434086 = weight(abstract_txt:identifiers in 3246) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1434086 = score(doc=3246,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.35208532 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3503845 = boost
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.40731204 = fieldWeight in 3246, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=3246)
        0.4 = coord(10/25)
    
  3. Lynch, C.: Identifiers and their role in networked information applications (1998) 0.22
    0.21904428 = sum of:
      0.21904428 = product of:
        0.91268456 = sum of:
          0.027078353 = weight(abstract_txt:number in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.027078353 = score(doc=2769,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.060011588 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0309842 = boost
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.45121872 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
          0.032835253 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.032835253 = score(doc=2769,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06824129 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0994059 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.481164 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
          0.04080602 = weight(abstract_txt:within in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04080602 = score(doc=2769,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.08824278 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4792379 = boost
                4.2279224 = idf(docFreq=1676, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.46242902 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.2279224 = idf(docFreq=1676, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
          0.013946186 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013946186 = score(doc=2769,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05302106 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.562591 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.26303107 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
          0.30123687 = weight(abstract_txt:identifier in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.30123687 = score(doc=2769,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.2522374 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3154202 = boost
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              1.1942593 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
          0.49678192 = weight(abstract_txt:identifiers in 2769) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.49678192 = score(doc=2769,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.35208532 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3503845 = boost
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              1.4109702 = fieldWeight in 2769, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.109375 = fieldNorm(doc=2769)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  4. Martinez, J.M.: MPEG-7 tools for universal multimedia access (2007) 0.19
    0.18762426 = sum of:
      0.18762426 = product of:
        0.6700866 = sum of:
          0.060328845 = weight(abstract_txt:content in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.060328845 = score(doc=2480,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.074920215 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2618989 = boost
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.8052412 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.03915379 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03915379 = score(doc=2480,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.102050535 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4727625 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.3836706 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.041220304 = weight(abstract_txt:within in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041220304 = score(doc=2480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.08824278 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4792379 = boost
                4.2279224 = idf(docFreq=1676, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.46712384 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.2279224 = idf(docFreq=1676, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.014087775 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014087775 = score(doc=2480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05302106 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.562591 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.2657015 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.09313523 = weight(abstract_txt:schemes in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09313523 = score(doc=2480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.15194312 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9410601 = boost
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.6129612 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                5.547891 = idf(docFreq=447, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.09019561 = weight(abstract_txt:standard in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09019561 = score(doc=2480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.17291267 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.595728 = boost
                4.7212124 = idf(docFreq=1023, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.5216252 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.7212124 = idf(docFreq=1023, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
          0.3319651 = weight(abstract_txt:mpeg in 2480) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3319651 = score(doc=2480,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35454115 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.9650483 = boost
                8.47463 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.93632317 = fieldWeight in 2480, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.47463 = idf(docFreq=23, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=2480)
        0.28 = coord(7/25)
    
  5. Paskin, N.: DOI: a 2003 progress report (2003) 0.19
    0.18726686 = sum of:
      0.18726686 = product of:
        0.4256065 = sum of:
          0.016750386 = weight(abstract_txt:number in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016750386 = score(doc=3204,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.060011588 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0309842 = boost
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.2791192 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.125428 = idf(docFreq=1857, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.017888436 = weight(abstract_txt:been in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017888436 = score(doc=3204,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.056196727 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0929004 = boost
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.31831813 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                3.6443186 = idf(docFreq=3005, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.011726876 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011726876 = score(doc=3204,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.06824129 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0994059 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.17184429 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.017415438 = weight(abstract_txt:content in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.017415438 = score(doc=3204,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.074920215 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2618989 = boost
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.23245312 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.207851 = idf(docFreq=1710, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.018273117 = weight(abstract_txt:activities in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.018273117 = score(doc=3204,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.091720715 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2745831 = boost
                5.1001763 = idf(docFreq=700, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.19922563 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.1001763 = idf(docFreq=700, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.02768591 = weight(abstract_txt:metadata in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02768591 = score(doc=3204,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.102050535 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4727625 = boost
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.27129608 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9109836 = idf(docFreq=846, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.008626966 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.008626966 = score(doc=3204,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.05302106 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.562591 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.16270828 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.06046627 = weight(abstract_txt:registration in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.06046627 = score(doc=3204,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.18907371 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6367977 = boost
                8.186948 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.31980264 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.186948 = idf(docFreq=31, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.025834769 = weight(abstract_txt:international in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.025834769 = score(doc=3204,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.14054635 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.1168032 = boost
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.18381672 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.705708 = idf(docFreq=1039, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.0760738 = weight(abstract_txt:identifier in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0760738 = score(doc=3204,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.2522374 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3154202 = boost
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.30159605 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                7.7208586 = idf(docFreq=50, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
          0.14486454 = weight(abstract_txt:identifiers in 3204) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.14486454 = score(doc=3204,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.35208532 = queryWeight, product of:
                3.3503845 = boost
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.014109581 = queryNorm
              0.4114473 = fieldWeight in 3204, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                7.4479914 = idf(docFreq=66, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0390625 = fieldNorm(doc=3204)
        0.44 = coord(11/25)