Document (#33364)

Editor
Hess, C. u. E. Ostrom
Title
Understanding knowledge as a commons : from theory to practice
Imprint
Cambridge, MA : MIT Press
Year
2007
Pages
xiii, 367 S
Isbn
0-262-08357-4
Abstract
Looking at knowledge as a shared resource: experts discuss how to define, protect, and build the knowledge commons in the digital age. Knowledge in digital form offers unprecedented access to information through the Internet but, at the same time, is subject to ever-greater restrictions through intellectual property legislation, overpatenting, licensing, overpricing, and lack of preservation. Looking at knowledge as a commons - as a shared resource - allows us to understand both its limitless possibilities and what threatens it. In "Understanding Knowledge as a Commons", experts from a range of disciplines discuss the knowledge commons in the digital era - how to conceptualize it, protect it, and build it. Contributors consider the concept of the commons historically and offer an analytical framework for understanding knowledge as a shared social-ecological system. They look at ways to guard against enclosure of the knowledge commons, considering, among other topics, the role of research libraries, the advantages of making scholarly material available outside the academy, and the problem of disappearing Web pages. They discuss the role of intellectual property in a new knowledge commons, the open access movement (including possible funding models for scholarly publications), the development of associational commons, the application of a free/open source framework to scientific knowledge, and the effect on scholarly communication of collaborative communities within academia, and offer a case study of EconPort, an open access, open source digital library for students and researchers in microeconomics. The essays clarify critical issues that arise within these new types of commons - and offer guideposts for future theory and practice.
Content
Inhalt: Introduction : an overview of the knowledge commons / Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom The growth of the commons paradigm / David Bollier A framework for analyzing the knowledge commons / Elinor Ostrom and Charlotte Hess Countering enclosure : reclaiming the knowledge commons / Nancy Kranich Mertonianism unbound? : imagining free, decentralized access to most cultural and scientific material / James Boyle Preserving the knowledge commons / Donald J. Waters Creating an intellectual commons through open access / Peter Suber How to build a commons : is intellectual property constrictive, facilitating, or irrelevant? / Shubha Ghosh Collective action, civic engagement, and the knowledge commons / Peter Levine Free/open-source software as a framework for establishing commons in science / Charles M. Schweik Scholarly communication and libraries unbound : the opportunity of the commons / Wendy Pradt Lougee EconPort : creating and maintaining a knowledge commons / James C. Cox and J. Todd Swarthout
Footnote
Rez. in: JASIST 59(2008) no.2, S.333-334 (K.C. Desouza)
LCSH
Knowledge management
Information commons
RSWK
Wissensmanagement / Informationsvermittlung / Aufsatzsammlung (BVB)
Wissensorganisation / Open Access / Kongress 2004 (SWB)
DDC
070.5797
LCC
HD30.2
RVK
EC 2460

Similar documents (content)

  1. Peroni, S.; Dutton, A.; Gray, T.; Shotton, D.: Setting our bibliographic references free : towards open citation data (2015) 0.27
    0.2670742 = sum of:
      0.2670742 = product of:
        1.1128092 = sum of:
          0.035992514 = weight(abstract_txt:build in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035992514 = score(doc=3791,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0778728 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3207103 = boost
                5.916112 = idf(docFreq=309, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.46219623 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.916112 = idf(docFreq=309, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
          0.016979408 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016979408 = score(doc=3791,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.059456952 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6320407 = boost
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.2855748 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
          0.042116586 = weight(abstract_txt:discuss in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.042116586 = score(doc=3791,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.0989867 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8236804 = boost
                5.4461083 = idf(docFreq=495, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.4254772 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.4461083 = idf(docFreq=495, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
          0.044902567 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.044902567 = score(doc=3791,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1033052 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8630366 = boost
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.4346593 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
          0.13746573 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.13746573 = score(doc=3791,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.13499612 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7494469 = boost
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              1.018294 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
          0.83535236 = weight(abstract_txt:commons in 3791) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.83535236 = score(doc=3791,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.8877044 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.457556 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.9410254 = fieldWeight in 3791, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3791)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  2. Coleman, A.: Self-archiving and the copyright transfer agreements of ISI-ranked library and information science journals : analytic advantages (2007) 0.19
    0.18888067 = sum of:
      0.18888067 = product of:
        0.7870028 = sum of:
          0.014237172 = weight(abstract_txt:practice in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.014237172 = score(doc=2073,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.053226527 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0918896 = boost
                4.8911114 = idf(docFreq=863, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.26748264 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.8911114 = idf(docFreq=863, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
          0.023771169 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023771169 = score(doc=2073,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.059456952 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6320407 = boost
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.3998047 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
          0.054441463 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054441463 = score(doc=2073,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.1033052 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8630366 = boost
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.5269964 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
          0.020718401 = weight(abstract_txt:digital in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.020718401 = score(doc=2073,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.086117834 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.9641571 = boost
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.240582 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.399214 = idf(docFreq=1412, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
          0.089087985 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.089087985 = score(doc=2073,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.13499612 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7494469 = boost
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.65993 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
          0.5847466 = weight(abstract_txt:commons in 2073) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.5847466 = score(doc=2073,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.8877044 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.457556 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.65871775 = fieldWeight in 2073, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=2073)
        0.24 = coord(6/25)
    
  3. Eschenfelder, K.R.; Johnson, A.: Managing the data commons : controlled sharing of scholarly data (2014) 0.15
    0.15014575 = sum of:
      0.15014575 = product of:
        0.7507287 = sum of:
          0.01346659 = weight(abstract_txt:theory in 3342) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01346659 = score(doc=3342,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.046919793 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0251625 = boost
                4.592208 = idf(docFreq=1164, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.287013 = fieldWeight in 3342, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.592208 = idf(docFreq=1164, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3342)
          0.013848167 = weight(abstract_txt:framework in 3342) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013848167 = score(doc=3342,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.047801975 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0347551 = boost
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.28969863 = fieldWeight in 3342, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.635178 = idf(docFreq=1115, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3342)
          0.019210005 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 3342) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.019210005 = score(doc=3342,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.059456952 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6320407 = boost
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.323091 = fieldWeight in 3342, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3342)
          0.035922054 = weight(abstract_txt:scholarly in 3342) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035922054 = score(doc=3342,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1033052 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8630366 = boost
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.34772745 = fieldWeight in 3342, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.563639 = idf(docFreq=440, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3342)
          0.6682819 = weight(abstract_txt:commons in 3342) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.6682819 = score(doc=3342,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.8877044 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.457556 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.7528203 = fieldWeight in 3342, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=3342)
        0.2 = coord(5/25)
    
  4. Danowski, P.: Kontext Open Access : Creative Commons (2012) 0.13
    0.12664701 = sum of:
      0.12664701 = product of:
        1.0553918 = sum of:
          0.02716705 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 829) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02716705 = score(doc=829,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.059456952 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6320407 = boost
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.45691967 = fieldWeight in 829, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=829)
          0.08313146 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 829) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.08313146 = score(doc=829,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13499612 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7494469 = boost
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.61580634 = fieldWeight in 829, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=829)
          0.94509333 = weight(abstract_txt:commons in 829) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.94509333 = score(doc=829,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8877044 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.457556 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              1.0646487 = fieldWeight in 829, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.125 = fieldNorm(doc=829)
        0.12 = coord(3/25)
    
  5. Kuhlen, R.; Brüning, J.: Creative Commons (CC) - für informationelle Selbstbestimmung, gegen den Trend des Urheberrechts/Copyright als Handelsrecht : Chancen für einen innovativen Drei-Stufen-Test? (2004) 0.11
    0.112716146 = sum of:
      0.112716146 = product of:
        0.70447594 = sum of:
          0.023334686 = weight(abstract_txt:source in 4049) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.023334686 = score(doc=4049,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05833273 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1430647 = boost
                5.12035 = idf(docFreq=686, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.40002733 = fieldWeight in 4049, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.12035 = idf(docFreq=686, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4049)
          0.016979408 = weight(abstract_txt:access in 4049) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.016979408 = score(doc=4049,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.059456952 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.6320407 = boost
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.2855748 = fieldWeight in 4049, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.6553574 = idf(docFreq=2972, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4049)
          0.07347853 = weight(abstract_txt:open in 4049) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07347853 = score(doc=4049,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13499612 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.7494469 = boost
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.54430103 = fieldWeight in 4049, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.9264507 = idf(docFreq=833, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4049)
          0.59068334 = weight(abstract_txt:commons in 4049) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.59068334 = score(doc=4049,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.8877044 = queryWeight, product of:
                10.457556 = boost
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.009966481 = queryNorm
              0.66540545 = fieldWeight in 4049, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.51719 = idf(docFreq=22, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=4049)
        0.16 = coord(4/25)