Document (#33442)

Author
Nentwich, M.
Title
Cyberscience : research in the age of the Internet
Imprint
Wien : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Year
2004
Pages
591 S
Isbn
3-7001-3188-7
Abstract
Cyberscience will be different from traditional science. For two decades already, the scholarly community has witnessed a considerable increase in the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). As opposed to "traditional" science that does without networked computers, the notion of "cyberscience" captures the use of these ICT-based applications and services for scientific purposes. The basic assumption of this study is that ICT use impacts on the basic parameters of how academia is organised, of how it functions, and of what it produces. This book describes and analyses the use of ICT in the academic world; it explains the status quo based on an analytical model; it draws a realistic and differentiated picture of probable future developments; it assesses the impact of ICT on various aspects of academic activity and on the substance of research; and it discusses the implications for research policy and the steering mechanisms within the scholarly organisations. The overall conclusion is that we are in midstream of a forceful development. Cyberscience is already taking place, but will develop its full shape and potentials only later. The new media have only just begun to play a central role in a large array of scholarly activities, and in regard to the institutional setting. Not only academic communication in the narrow sense, but also the distribution of knowledge and, most importantly, even knowledge production are affected. Hence, the impact of ICT can hardly be underrated.
Footnote
Rez in: Wechselwirkung 26(2004) Nr.128, S.109-110: "In seinem englischsprachigen Buch "cyberscience - Research in the Age of the Internet" beschäftigt sich Michael Nentwich mit den Auswirkungen der Informationsund Kommunikations- (I&K) - Technologien auf den Wissenschaftsbetrieb. Zwei The sen stehen im Zentrum: Die erste ist, dass die I&K-Technologien einige Rahmenbedingungen und praktisch alle Formen wissenschaftlicher Tätigkeit betreffen. Ein systematisches Screening macht deutlich, dass sowohl der organisatorische Rahmen des Wissenschaftsbetriebs wie auch die Wissensproduktion sowie die Formen der wissenschaftlichen Kommunikation und schließlich die Wissensvermittlung (Lehre) direkt betroffen sind. Eine zweite, darauf aufbauende These lautet, dass die vielen Entwicklungen, mit denen sich Wissenschaftler konfrontiert sehen - angefangen von der ständigen Nutzung des Computers am Arbeitsplatz über die Verlagerung der Kommunikation mit Kollegen in Richtung E-mail bis zu neuen elektronischen Publikationsformen - nicht nur, wie zumeist angenommen, die Kommunikation beschleunigen, sondern das Potenzial zu qualitativen Veränderungen des Wissenschaftssystems haben. Diese These wird mit Hinweisen auf bereits eingeleitete oder möglicherweise bevorstehende Veränderungen hinsichtlich eines Kernstücks der wissenschaftlichen Kommunikation, nämlich des Publikationswesens, wie auch der Ortsgebundenheit von Forschung und schließlich hinsichtlich der Verteilung der Rollen im Wissenschaftsbetrieb belegt."
Theme
Internet
RSWK
Wissenschaft / Internet
BK
02.10 Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft
05.20 Kommunikation und Gesellschaft
05.38 Neue elektronische Medien <Kommunikationswissenschaft>
54.99 Informatik: Sonstiges
DDC
001.4202854678
RVK
AK 25000 (BVB)
QH 500 (BVB)
ST 200 (BVB)
AK 26700 Allgemeines / Wissenschaftskunde und Wissenschaftsorganisation / Wissenschaftserforschung, -psychologie, -soziologie / Wissenschaftsentwicklung, -wachstum, Innovation (SWB)

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