Document (#33526)

Author
Winograd, T.
Flores, F.
Title
Erkenntnis, Maschinen, Verstehen : zur Neugestaltung von Computersystemen
Issue
Aus dem Amerikan. von L. Voet. 2. Aufl. Mit einem Nachwort von W. Coy.
Imprint
Berlin : Rotbuch Verlag
Year
1992
Pages
350 S
Isbn
3-88022-750-0
Abstract
Das Buch beginnt mit dem "Theoretischer Hintergrund" und schafft beim Leser ein Wissensfundament für die weiteren Überlegungen. Mit Kapiteln über Tradition, über Verstehen und Sein hin zu einer neuen Orientierung werden dem Leser bekannte Begriffe und Erkenntnisse im Bezug auf den Computer in einem anderen, neuen Blickwinkel dargestellt. Die daran anschließenden Kapitel bauen auf diesem Wissen auf und untersuchen bereits eingeschlagene Entwicklungswege die heutigen Computer, aber auch nach neuen Möglichkeiten diese Technik sinnvoll in den Dienst der Menschheit zu stellen. Die Kernthemen Intelligenz und Sprache verstehen werden zu einem Strudel, einem Sog um den sich alle weiteren Gedanken drehen. Gerade das Verstehen, im Sinne von bewusstem, ja ich weis was mit dieser Aussage gemeint ist, wird sehr intensiv analysiert. Ein weiterer wichtiger Untersuchungspunkt ist der wissenschaftlich korrekte Blick in Form von Entscheidungsfindungen auf den zahlreichen Gebieten. Enden die Möglichkeiten der Computer bei der Entscheidungsunterstützung oder kann sie darüber hinaus bis zur Entscheidungsfindung gehen? Welche Qualität haben solch entscheidende Systeme auf die weitere Entwicklung der Menschheit? Die Sprache als Schnittstelle zwischen Mensch und Computer ist ein weiterer Untersuchunsgegenstand. Sprache schafft Verständigungsebenen. Die unterschiedliche Auffassungsgabe zwischen Mensch und Maschine ist eine Sollbruchstelle, die für Zusammenbrüche verantwortlich ist. Ein Weg aus dieser Sackgasse ist die Gestaltung. Die Bereitstellung von Werkzeugen gestaltet dann neue Konversationsformen und Gesprächsebenen. Die Autoren haben dieses Buch gegen Ende der achtziger Jahre des vergangenen Jahrhunderts geschrieben. Die erarbeiteten Ergebnisse snd aber nach wie vor von bestechender Klarheit und Wahrheit. Sicherlich hat die Computerwelt seitdem einige zusätzliche neue Wege und Möglichkeiten entdeckt. Einige der von den Autoren vorgeschlagenen Zukunftswege gelten inzwischen als bekannte Routinen. Doch der Kern der Probleme mit dieser neuen Maschinenwelt ist nach wie vor Bestandteil der Forschung. Den Autoren ist ein zeitloses wissenschaftliches Buch gelungen. Der wissbegierige Leser ist gut beraten auch dieses ältere Werk hinzuzuziehen, wenn es sich diesem Thema nähern möchte.
Footnote
Originaltitel: Understanding computers and cognition
Theme
Information
RSWK
Computer / Philosophie
Kognitiver Prozess / Künstliche Intelligenz (BVB)
BK
54.08 / Informatik in Beziehung zu Mensch und Gesellschaft
50.02 / Technikphilosophie
SFB
SOP 2023
S 943
EDV 90
GHBS
TUC (PB)
QGT (SI)
TUP (HA)
RVK
ST 300 Informatik / Monographien / Künstliche Intelligenz / Allgemeines
CC 5200 (BVB)
CC 3800 (BVB)
ST 285 (BVB)
ST 120 (BVB)

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  5. Friederici, A.: Sprache und Gehirn : Zur Neurobiologie der Sprachverarbeitung (2002) 0.19
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