Document (#33664)

Author
Marcus, G.F.
Title
Murks : der planlose Bau des menschlichen Gehirns
Issue
Aus dem Amerikan. von Ulrich Enderwitz.
Imprint
Hamburg : Hoffmann und Campe
Year
2009
Pages
255 S.
Isbn
978-3-455-50105-6
Abstract
Baustelle Gehirn.Warum logisches Denken eher Glückssache ist. Die Evolution hatte ein Problem, als sie das archaische Gehirn unserer Vorfahren umzubauen begann: Es musste in Betrieb bleiben, während der Mensch entstand, und deshalb konnte sie es nicht einfach abreißen wie eine Ruine. Also pfropfte sie die neuen Bauteile irgendwie mehr oder weniger passend auf die alten. Dabei ist Murks entstanden, ein Flickwerk aus alten und neuen Strukturen, die sich andauernd in die Quere kommen. Zum Beispiel bei ökonomischen Entscheidungen, denn die Programme fu¨r den vermeintlich rationalen Umgang mit Tauschwerten (heute vor allem Geld) sind direkt mit den Instinkten der Nahrungsbeschaffung verknu¨pft. Kann man etwas gegen neuronale Kurzschlu¨sse tun? Ja. Zum Beispiel kein vages Ziel setzen (»Ich will sechs Pfund abnehmen«), sondern konkrete Wenn-dann-Pläne entwickeln (»Wenn ich Pommes frites sehe, werde ich sie nicht essen«). Warum das besser ist? Weil das Stammhirn, das nach den Fritten lechzt, auch gut mit Wenn-dann-Plänen umgehen kann.
Content
Inhalt: Relikte der Geschichte - Gedächtnis - Glauben - Entscheiden - Sprache - Lust - Wenn das System aus den Fugen gerät - Wahre Weisheit Einheitssacht.: Kluge: the haphazard construction of the human mind
Field
Kognitionswissenschaft
RSWK
Hirnfunktion / Evolution
Kognitive Psychologie
DDC
612.82 / DDC22ger
GHBS
HRC (SI)
RVK
CP 4000

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