Document (#34032)

Author
Oard, D.W.
He, D.
Wang, J.
Title
User-assisted query translation for interactive cross-language information retrieval
Source
Information processing and management. 44(2008) no.1, S.181-211
Year
2008
Abstract
Interactive Cross-Language Information Retrieval (CLIR), a process in which searcher and system collaborate to find documents that satisfy an information need regardless of the language in which those documents are written, calls for designs in which synergies between searcher and system can be leveraged so that the strengths of one can cover weaknesses of the other. This paper describes an approach that employs user-assisted query translation to help searchers better understand the system's operation. Supporting interaction and interface designs are introduced, and results from three user studies are presented. The results indicate that experienced searchers presented with this new system evolve new search strategies that make effective use of the new capabilities, that they achieve retrieval effectiveness comparable to results obtained using fully automatic techniques, and that reported satisfaction with support for cross-language searching increased. The paper concludes with a description of a freely available interactive CLIR system that incorporates lessons learned from this research.
Theme
Multilinguale Probleme
Computerlinguistik

Similar documents (author)

  1. Wang, J.; Oard, D.W.: Matching meaning for cross-language information retrieval (2012) 5.50
    5.502096 = sum of:
      5.502096 = sum of:
        1.7446678 = weight(author_txt:wang in 7430) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.7446678 = score(doc=7430,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.51426065 = queryWeight, product of:
              6.7851496 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07579209 = queryNorm
            3.3925748 = fieldWeight in 7430, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              6.7851496 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=42306)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=7430)
        3.7574284 = weight(author_txt:oard in 7430) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          3.7574284 = score(doc=7430,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.85763395 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.2913957 = boost
              8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07579209 = queryNorm
            4.3811564 = fieldWeight in 7430, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
              0.5 = fieldNorm(doc=7430)
    
  2. Cheng, A.-S.; Fleischmann, K.R.; Wang, P.; Ishita, E.; Oard, D.W.: ¬The role of innovation and wealth in the net neutrality debate : a content analysis of human values in congressional and FCC hearings (2012) 2.75
    2.751048 = sum of:
      2.751048 = sum of:
        0.8723339 = weight(author_txt:wang in 2277) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          0.8723339 = score(doc=2277,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.51426065 = queryWeight, product of:
              6.7851496 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07579209 = queryNorm
            1.6962874 = fieldWeight in 2277, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              6.7851496 = idf(docFreq=129, maxDocs=42306)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=2277)
        1.8787142 = weight(author_txt:oard in 2277) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
          1.8787142 = score(doc=2277,freq=1.0), product of:
            0.85763395 = queryWeight, product of:
              1.2913957 = boost
              8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
              0.07579209 = queryNorm
            2.1905782 = fieldWeight in 2277, product of:
              1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                1.0 = termFreq=1.0
              8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
              0.25 = fieldNorm(doc=2277)
    
  3. Oard, D.W.: Serving users in many languages : cross-language information retrieval for digital libraries (1997) 2.35
    2.348393 = sum of:
      2.348393 = product of:
        4.696786 = sum of:
          4.696786 = weight(author_txt:oard in 3262) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.696786 = score(doc=3262,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.85763395 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2913957 = boost
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07579209 = queryNorm
              5.4764457 = fieldWeight in 3262, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3262)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  4. Oard, D.W.: Multilingual information access (2009) 2.35
    2.348393 = sum of:
      2.348393 = product of:
        4.696786 = sum of:
          4.696786 = weight(author_txt:oard in 851) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.696786 = score(doc=851,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.85763395 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2913957 = boost
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07579209 = queryNorm
              5.4764457 = fieldWeight in 851, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=851)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    
  5. Oard, D.W.: Alternative approaches for cross-language text retrieval (1997) 2.35
    2.348393 = sum of:
      2.348393 = product of:
        4.696786 = sum of:
          4.696786 = weight(author_txt:oard in 3165) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            4.696786 = score(doc=3165,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.85763395 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2913957 = boost
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.07579209 = queryNorm
              5.4764457 = fieldWeight in 3165, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                8.762313 = idf(docFreq=17, maxDocs=42306)
                0.625 = fieldNorm(doc=3165)
        0.5 = coord(1/2)
    

Similar documents (content)

  1. Lopez-Ostenero, F.; Gonzalo, J.; Verdejo, F.: Noun phrases as building blocks for cross-language search assistance (2005) 0.53
    0.5294752 = sum of:
      0.5294752 = product of:
        1.0182216 = sum of:
          0.013973442 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013973442 = score(doc=3022,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.051921256 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0118705 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.26912758 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.010108194 = weight(abstract_txt:this in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010108194 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.052715134 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0195769 = boost
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.19175129 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.03177578 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03177578 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09882192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1398124 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.32154587 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.096705064 = weight(abstract_txt:query in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.096705064 = score(doc=3022,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13073803 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3110151 = boost
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.7396858 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.028381703 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028381703 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10491684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4383843 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.2705162 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.029652536 = weight(abstract_txt:results in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029652536 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1080258 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4595402 = boost
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.27449495 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.048136722 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.048136722 = score(doc=3022,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.11842969 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5282086 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.40645823 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.18674032 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.18674032 = score(doc=3022,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.22313832 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7127492 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.83688146 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.034728467 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.034728467 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.13210611 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8637308 = boost
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.26288313 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.1168792 = weight(abstract_txt:interactive in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.1168792 = score(doc=3022,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.26955315 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.30555 = boost
                5.5501256 = idf(docFreq=446, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.43360355 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.5501256 = idf(docFreq=446, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.16518073 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16518073 = score(doc=3022,freq=6.0), product of:
              0.20561509 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3251405 = boost
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.80334926 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                2.4494898 = tf(freq=6.0), with freq of:
                  6.0 = termFreq=6.0
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.21204309 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21204309 = score(doc=3022,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.27801096 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3414414 = boost
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.76271486 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
          0.04391624 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3022) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04391624 = score(doc=3022,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13495392 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6639707 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.32541656 = fieldWeight in 3022, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3022)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  2. Chen, J.: ¬A lexical knowledge base approach for English-Chinese cross-language information retrieval (2006) 0.52
    0.5160376 = sum of:
      0.5160376 = product of:
        1.0750784 = sum of:
          0.011178753 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011178753 = score(doc=924,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.051921256 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0118705 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.21530207 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.011436117 = weight(abstract_txt:this in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011436117 = score(doc=924,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.052715134 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0195769 = boost
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.21694182 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.013883214 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013883214 = score(doc=924,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07558221 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2208495 = boost
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.18368362 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.054704644 = weight(abstract_txt:query in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054704644 = score(doc=924,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13073803 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3110151 = boost
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.41842943 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.03211023 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03211023 = score(doc=924,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10491684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4383843 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.30605412 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.02372203 = weight(abstract_txt:results in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02372203 = score(doc=924,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1080258 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4595402 = boost
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.21959597 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.22820047 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22820047 = score(doc=924,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.22313832 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7127492 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              1.0226861 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.04812118 = weight(abstract_txt:system in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.04812118 = score(doc=924,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13210611 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.8637308 = boost
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.36426157 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                3.3649042 = idf(docFreq=3974, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.44235653 = weight(abstract_txt:clir in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.44235653 = score(doc=924,freq=5.0), product of:
              0.38807955 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2587445 = boost
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              1.1398604 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                2.236068 = tf(freq=5.0), with freq of:
                  5.0 = termFreq=5.0
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.07629371 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07629371 = score(doc=924,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20561509 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3251405 = boost
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.3710511 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.09793852 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09793852 = score(doc=924,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27801096 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3414414 = boost
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.35228294 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
          0.03513299 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 924) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03513299 = score(doc=924,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.13495392 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6639707 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.26033324 = fieldWeight in 924, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=924)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  3. Levow, G.-A.; Oard, D.W.; Resnik, P.: Dictionary-based techniques for cross-language information retrieval (2005) 0.51
    0.51055485 = sum of:
      0.51055485 = product of:
        1.063656 = sum of:
          0.009880717 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.009880717 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.051921256 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0118705 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.19030195 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.010108194 = weight(abstract_txt:this in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.010108194 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.052715134 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0195769 = boost
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.19175129 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.011026455 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011026455 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.05586119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0495604 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.19739026 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.03177578 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03177578 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.09882192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1398124 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.32154587 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.096705064 = weight(abstract_txt:query in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.096705064 = score(doc=3026,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13073803 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3110151 = boost
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.7396858 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.028381703 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028381703 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.10491684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4383843 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.2705162 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.041935015 = weight(abstract_txt:results in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.041935015 = score(doc=3026,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1080258 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4595402 = boost
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.38819447 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.21562916 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.21562916 = score(doc=3026,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.22313832 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7127492 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.9663475 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.3497135 = weight(abstract_txt:clir in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.3497135 = score(doc=3026,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.38807955 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2587445 = boost
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.9011387 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.09536713 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09536713 = score(doc=3026,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20561509 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3251405 = boost
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.46381387 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.12242316 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.12242316 = score(doc=3026,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27801096 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3414414 = boost
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.4403537 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
          0.050710104 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 3026) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.050710104 = score(doc=3026,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13495392 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6639707 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.37575868 = fieldWeight in 3026, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.078125 = fieldNorm(doc=3026)
        0.48 = coord(12/25)
    
  4. Zhou, D.; Lawless, S.; Wu, X.; Zhao, W.; Liu, J.: ¬A study of user profile representation for personalized cross-language information retrieval (2016) 0.49
    0.48894912 = sum of:
      0.48894912 = product of:
        0.9402868 = sum of:
          0.013691122 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013691122 = score(doc=86,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.051921256 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0118705 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.2636901 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.011436117 = weight(abstract_txt:this in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.011436117 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.052715134 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0195769 = boost
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.21694182 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.01247501 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.01247501 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.05586119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0495604 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.22332159 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.03595019 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03595019 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.09882192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1398124 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.36378762 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.013883214 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.013883214 = score(doc=86,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.07558221 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2208495 = boost
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.18368362 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.054704644 = weight(abstract_txt:query in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.054704644 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13073803 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3110151 = boost
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.41842943 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.03211023 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.03211023 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10491684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4383843 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.30605412 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.02372203 = weight(abstract_txt:results in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02372203 = score(doc=86,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.1080258 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4595402 = boost
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.21959597 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.07204445 = weight(abstract_txt:user in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07204445 = score(doc=86,freq=7.0), product of:
              0.11842969 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.5282086 = boost
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.60833097 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                2.6457512 = tf(freq=7.0), with freq of:
                  7.0 = termFreq=7.0
                3.67884 = idf(docFreq=2903, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.39565566 = weight(abstract_txt:clir in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.39565566 = score(doc=86,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.38807955 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2587445 = boost
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              1.0195221 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.07629371 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.07629371 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.20561509 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3251405 = boost
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.3710511 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.16963448 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.16963448 = score(doc=86,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.27801096 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3414414 = boost
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.6101719 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
          0.028685967 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 86) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028685967 = score(doc=86,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.13495392 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6639707 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.2125612 = fieldWeight in 86, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0625 = fieldNorm(doc=86)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)
    
  5. Dadashkarimia, J.; Shakery, A.; Failia, H.; Zamani, H.: ¬An expectation-maximization algorithm for query translation based on pseudo-relevant documents (2017) 0.48
    0.48307586 = sum of:
      0.48307586 = product of:
        0.9289921 = sum of:
          0.006916501 = weight(abstract_txt:information in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.006916501 = score(doc=215,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.051921256 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0118705 = boost
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.13321136 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.435865 = idf(docFreq=10064, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.0070757368 = weight(abstract_txt:this in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.0070757368 = score(doc=215,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.052715134 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0195769 = boost
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.1342259 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                2.4544165 = idf(docFreq=9879, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.015437036 = weight(abstract_txt:with in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.015437036 = score(doc=215,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.05586119 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.0495604 = boost
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.27634636 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.5265954 = idf(docFreq=9191, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.038526084 = weight(abstract_txt:documents in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.038526084 = score(doc=215,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.09882192 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.1398124 = boost
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.38985363 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                4.115787 = idf(docFreq=1875, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.02104063 = weight(abstract_txt:which in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.02104063 = score(doc=215,freq=3.0), product of:
              0.07558221 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.2208495 = boost
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.2783807 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.7320508 = tf(freq=3.0), with freq of:
                  3.0 = termFreq=3.0
                2.938938 = idf(docFreq=6085, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.09573313 = weight(abstract_txt:query in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.09573313 = score(doc=215,freq=8.0), product of:
              0.13073803 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.3110151 = boost
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.7322515 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                2.828427 = tf(freq=8.0), with freq of:
                  8.0 = termFreq=8.0
                4.733989 = idf(docFreq=1010, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.028096452 = weight(abstract_txt:retrieval in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.028096452 = score(doc=215,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.10491684 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4383843 = boost
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.26779735 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.4626071 = idf(docFreq=3604, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.029354513 = weight(abstract_txt:results in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.029354513 = score(doc=215,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.1080258 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.4595402 = boost
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.27173615 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                3.5135355 = idf(docFreq=3425, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.22641061 = weight(abstract_txt:translation in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.22641061 = score(doc=215,freq=9.0), product of:
              0.22313832 = queryWeight, product of:
                1.7127492 = boost
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              1.0146649 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                3.0 = tf(freq=9.0), with freq of:
                  9.0 = termFreq=9.0
                6.184624 = idf(docFreq=236, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.24479945 = weight(abstract_txt:clir in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.24479945 = score(doc=215,freq=2.0), product of:
              0.38807955 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.2587445 = boost
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.6307971 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.4142135 = tf(freq=2.0), with freq of:
                  2.0 = termFreq=2.0
                8.156177 = idf(docFreq=32, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.094408646 = weight(abstract_txt:language in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.094408646 = score(doc=215,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.20561509 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3251405 = boost
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.45915234 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                4.197964 = idf(docFreq=1727, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.085696205 = weight(abstract_txt:cross in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.085696205 = score(doc=215,freq=1.0), product of:
              0.27801096 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.3414414 = boost
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.30824757 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                1.0 = tf(freq=1.0), with freq of:
                  1.0 = termFreq=1.0
                5.636527 = idf(docFreq=409, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
          0.035497073 = weight(abstract_txt:that in 215) [ClassicSimilarity], result of:
            0.035497073 = score(doc=215,freq=4.0), product of:
              0.13495392 = queryWeight, product of:
                2.6639707 = boost
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.02106527 = queryNorm
              0.26303107 = fieldWeight in 215, product of:
                2.0 = tf(freq=4.0), with freq of:
                  4.0 = termFreq=4.0
                2.4048555 = idf(docFreq=10381, maxDocs=42306)
                0.0546875 = fieldNorm(doc=215)
        0.52 = coord(13/25)